*Industry is often hesitant to become involved in working with educational institutions to combat this problem, citing a lack of time as one main reason.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
For academia, technology development amounts to conceptualization and execution coupled with validation at the laboratory level. For industry, the interest lies in translating the laboratory validated concept into a commercial proposition, where the most important considerations are those of economic viability.
WES 2014 - Industry – Academia Bridge- Channelising Collaborative Models - Amitabh Akhauri, Sr. VP – HR, Jindal Stainless Ltd
Channelizing Collaborative Models
Sr. Vice President
Jindal Stainless Limited
Date: 8th August 2014
1. Introduction-Current scenario
2.Why-Reasons behind gap between academia &
3. What -Need to bridge the Gap
4. How- Action required to bridge the gap by-
Total slides:17 2
India has one of the largest higher education systems in the world, with 25.9 million
students enrolled in more than 45,000 degree and diploma institutions in the country.
India has more than 700 universities and 35,500 colleges out of which 115 universities and
5672 colleges teach various engineering disciplines. With more than 12 million students on
their rolls, and half a million teachers teaching in all disciplines.
More than 85 per cent of these students are enrolled in bachelor's degree programmes and
about one-sixth of all Indian students are enrolled in Engineering/Technology degree
Engineering colleges in the country have been growing at 20 per cent a year, while business
schools have grown at 60 per cent.
After China producing 600,000 engineering graduates India produced around 5,00,000
number of engineering graduates in the year 2006-07,out of which 30 per cent were computer
engineers. United States and Europe produces only 70,000 and 100,000 engineering graduates
“Its a worrying sign that even though the 3rd largest
number of graduates in the world every year is produced
in India, only 15 percent of our boys and girls passing
out of college have the skills required to become
employable! This brings in concerns that students are
getting degrees, but not getting
employable hands-on skills“
– Pratibha Patil, former President of India
About 83% of engineering graduates are unfit for employment!!
Only about 17.45% of engineering graduates of the year 2011 were
Even graduates from Tier 2, Tier 3 and Tier 4 engineering colleges in
India were not industry ready even after interventional training.
According to National Employability Report by Aspiring Minds-
Education system continues to be put down by the rote learning concepts.
Lack of high-quality research and education institutions.
Loosen criteria for admission in professional courses.
Lack of seriousness in faculty of institutes and faculty shortage — 40% and 35% shortage of
faculty in state and central universities, respectively.
Industry hesitant to become involved in working with educational institutions.
Poor English language skills & communication, Computer training, Body Language, Self
Confidence, Analytical Ability, Personal Grooming etc. making the cut from the classroom to the
conference room is not easy.
No training on functional skills to students who are going to be deployed into the industry in a more
readily fashion without any extensive training.
Commercialization of education- India has become a dirt-pool where educational institutions
proliferate like mushrooms. Foremost among these are the engineering and medical colleges which have
become clubs of incompetent youngsters.
It is expected that Overall Indian
education sector’s market size will
increase to Rs 602,410 crores (US$
100.23 billion) by FY 15 from Rs
341,180 crores (US$ 56.77 billion) in
Expected revenue of private
entrepreneurs in education at US$
45bn by 2015.
Shut down of colleges…..
Since 2011, 225 B-schools and over 50 engineering colleges across
India have downed shutters. Many more colleges have trimmed
programmes, branches of engineering or streams in the management
Vijawada, Andhra Pradesh is credited with having the highest
number of engineering colleges in the country. Over 339 colleges of the
total 677 are on the verge of closure. (2013)
Between 2011 and 2013, the AICTE received 231 applications from
management colleges wanting to shut down.
In 2013, 94 management colleges have sought consent to shut down.
What - Need To Bridge The Gap
To fulfill the industry expectations
To improve the employability
To enhance the functional skill required at the time of performing
To explore possibility of having customized curriculum as per the
need of the industry.
To bring the industry and academia closer in term of having
productive discussion about the opportunities where they can work
for mutual benefit.
To discuss about the current need of industry in term of
competent manpower and how academia can help them to bring
desired skill set. 11
Gap in Need vs. Expectation
Exposure to real life work place
Overall character development
Flexibility of approach
Industry point of view
Clearly conveyed expectations
Practical experience to student
Platform for research & development
Gap in Need vs. Expectation
Academia point of view
How to bridge the gap: Action required by
Action required by Institutes
Selection criteria of candidates- Selection of students with potential
for corporate employability
Shift from input-centric to learner-centric
Development of faculty, their timely assessment and rating
Great importance and value on closer interaction with industry and
Action required by Students
Change concept- Only degree can bring the job
Choose right career path with natural talent
Self driven and not forced by parents/ guardians
Work on soft skill improvement
Action required by Industry
Transparency- Convey properly what are the expectations from
Adoption of selected institutes by industry.
Create avenues for a close academia and industry interaction
through all the phases of technology development.
Academic intervention in solving specific industry problems.
Industry participation in technology development involving
some exploratory work .
Action required by Government
By 2020, India will need 800 more universities and 35,000
colleges more, according to the Ministry of Human Resource
Scaling up of capacity in existing institutes rather than adding
Improve technology for education delivery
Input on designing placement process
Involvement of industry across the value chain, and not limited
to the placement process to ensure employability
Curriculum balance in business knowledge and skills, with
leadership and soft skill development
Industry exposure through live projects, internships, and case
studies on real business issues