Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Dr. Pawan Kumar - Smart City & Transport
Transport in Smart Cities
J.B.Kshirsagar, Chief Planner
Town & Country Planning Organization
Ministry of Urban Development ,Govt. of India, New Delhi
• Smart City : livable with adequate livelihood options and
infrastructure provisioning with maximum use of ICT to
- deliver better services,
- reduce carbon foot print,
- create sustainable environment,
- have better quality of life .
• Smart city is a Sustainable City if it has ability to make
development through 3Es:
• Economy :Broader economic activities which is self renewing,
build local assets and self-reliance.
Need of transport hub and its connectivity with parent city.
• Ecology : City residents are responsible for protecting and building
Need of Environmentally sustainable transport (EST).
• Equity : Inclusive growth (opportunity for full participation in all
activities, benefits, and decision-making of a society).
Need of Public Transport.
• The National Action Plan on Climatic Change (NAPCC) was released
by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 30th
June 2008 .
• Eight National Missions
i. National Solar Mission
ii. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
iii. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
iv. National Water Mission
v. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
vi. National Mission for a "Green India"
vii. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
viii. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
• The National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH) is anchored in
the Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India.
• Aim : To make habitat sustainable through improvements in
-Better Urban Planning and Modal Shift to Public Transport,
(Making long term transport plans to facilitate the growth of medium and
small cities in such a way that ensures efficient and convenient public
-Energy Efficiency in Buildings,
-Recycling of Materials and Urban Waste Management .
Public Transport and Efficient Space for Movements of other Modes
Transport in Smart City
I1 : Intelligent
I2 : Integrated
I4: Intermediate ( Role of IPT and NMT )
I5: Infrastructure ( Multi modal infrastructure both digital and
physical at interchange points)
•Underground transport and utilities lines, if feasible.
•Sufficient space for cycling and pedestrians.
Requisite of a Smart City
Public Transport in Regional Context
•For developing of smart city on the outskirt of metropolitan city, multi modal public
transport system is required.
Popl< 1 million
Popl. < 1 million
multi modal high speed
Modal Shift for Greenhouse gas Mitigation
Significant GHG mitigation can be achieved through :
•modal shift by providing all arterial roads more than 25 m right of way
-minimum of 2.5 m pedestrian path with street furniture and
-2.5 m bicycle path preferably in each direction as a mandatory measure.
OTHERWISE Provisions of traffic calming measures to reduce the speed of traffic
to 30 kmph .
Green Travel Habits
•Travel whenever it is necessary.
•Less Travel causes less pollution and damage to micro environment
•If travel is needed, prioritize to use NMT/PT.
•For smaller trip length, promotion of walking and cycling can be encouraged.
Selection of Transport Technology
• For smart city, selection of proper transport technologies based on
-direction & extent of sprawl,
-population density etc
which are major determinants for choosing of technologies.
Source : Recommendations of
Working Group on Urban
Transport for 12th
• Personal Rapid Transit System commonly known as PRT (podcar).
• It facilitates last–mile connectivity and is a four to six seater
battery-powered vehicle without a driver, which uses rubber
wheels and usually runs on an elevated guide way.
• The stations can be integrated into already existing buildings,
facilitating direct entry into malls, hotels and offices.
Urban Passenger Rapid Transport (PRT)
System in Amritsar, India by the Ultra
Modified Land use Planning - Transport Model
•In the case of smart city, transport corridor must be identified first.
•Accordingly development should be permitted with the provisions of development
controls, restricted property values ( Sell and purchase procedure), premium FAR, etc.
Priority to NMT
•Integration of NMT with MRTS…………need of the hour
•Specific budget allocation to create better and safer NMT infrastructure.
Road Design of Nanded as Mission City under JnNURM
•The development of transport infrastructure is also affected by
non-transport factors i.e.
-economic base of the city,
-Land acquisition cost
-value in saving in accidents
-Improvement in administration, law and order
-Improvement in health and education
-social displacement cost, etc.
•Hence these factors also need considerations in planning and design
of transport infrastructure.
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for
Sustainable Transport ( NAMA)
In Indian condition:
•Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP)
•if focused on EST strategies and
•Targeting GHG reduction
CMP + EST = NAMA
• Connectivity of new smart city to parent city through high speed rapid
rail needs all types of integration in terms of modal, institutional,
financial, network, information, etc.
• Connectivity between developed city and new city requires a new
transport agency which can co-ordinate and maintain the facility.
• Development between two cities in terms of real estate, housing, etc
requires new policy to maintain inclusive and equitable
development along the transit corridor.
• In Smart city, it is equally important to assess affordability of public
transport for low income commuters and urban poor.
• Transport is a State subject and hence there is need to strengthen
institutional arrangements for planning and development of
transport infrastructure . 16