Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Anjum Parwez, Managing Director, Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC)
Importance of Technology
Anjum Parwez , I.A.S.
BMTC , Bangalore
Sustainable Urban Transportation
“Development that meets the needs of the Present
without compromising the ability of Future
generations to meet their needs”.
Sustainability would mean, Developing better transportation
systems, Options and expectations consistent with the objective of
securing future social and economic development within a
sustainable environment that ensures community well-being.
In the Context of Transportation
Sustainability in transport has two perspective
•Mobility and Safety
•Local and global environmental issues.
Reducing Transportation Need
+ Reducing Dependence on Car
+ Improving Traffic Flow
Reducing Dependence on
Transport, Cycling and
Travel Condition in Indian Cities
• More than 75 per cent of the trips in a city are on account of either
employment or education.
• Per capita trip rate ranges from 0.72 to 1.79 per day (RITES 1998).
• Long-distance commuting is still the norm with as much as 26% public
travelling over 90 minutes everyday.
• An average commuter in Bangalore, Delhi Mumbai spends around
eight hours a week getting from home to work and then back.
• A working professionals Mumbaikar spend almost a quarter of his life
commuting through the crowded local trains/buses.
• The World Bank (2002) estimates that 0.5 million people in developing
countries die each year from transport-related air emissions.
Transportation is the most serious challenge faced by all cities
(matured, transition and emerging)
Percentage Growth in Population and Vehicles
(1981–2001) in Select Metro Cities
Mode Share Across Different Cities
Source: Wilbur Smith Report 2009
• Increased income levels.
• Rise in middle class aspirations to own a vehicle.
• Captive public transport riders. The moment captive rider turns
into a choice rider, preference shifts to personalized mode of
• Easily available attractive credit and financial schemes.
• Low-cost motorized two-wheelers.
• Social status and prestige.
• Inefficient, unreliable, crowded and uncomfortable Public
• Dissatisfied public transport passengers are increasingly turning
to the private car.
Mushrooming of Personal Motorized Vehicle
• Multi-modal well networked mass transit systems such as metro rail,
light rail, Bus Rapid Transit and basic bus services with;
• Proper integration to be able to effectively serve the overall mobility
needs of the city.
• Time-bound schedules,
• Reliable ser-vices,
• Competitive travel time,
• High frequency of service,
• Affordable price,
• Pre-trip planning system to facilitate trips based on needs and criteria.
• Good driver behavior.
• Commuter Safety with special focus on women.
• Right information at the right time.
The Need of The Hour
All these are hardly conceivable and
possible without use of Technology
specially IT and Geo-Spatial
• Information prior to or during the journey on urban public
transport services (WAP, SMS etc.)
• Information transmission via portable devices.
• Electronic displays showing the time left before an arrival
installed in bus, trolley, tram stops or stations etc.
• Electronic information desks for retrieving information on
routes, ticket prices, timetables, announcements on traffic
• On board screens in urban public transport vehicles (vocally
announcing stops, showings teletexts and other information
• Tickets vending machines (TVMs).
• Electronic tickets, e-ticketing etc.
Possible uses of IT and Geo-Spatial Technology in
• Security systems (security cameras etc.)
• Electronic information signs such as illuminated arrows,
numbers, pictograms etc.
• Other passenger information services.(displaying vehicles
location, walk distances between stops, parking information,
• A common Ticket or fare card in a multi modal Transport system.
• Monitoring of driving behaviour.
• Engine health/performance monitoring.
• Preventive maintenance.
• Planning and scheduling operations.
• Data analysis for decision making.
• Efficient fuel utilisation and so on.......
Possible uses of IT and Geo-Spatial Tech. in Public Transport Contd…
Project Initiated in June 2012
Completed and Implemented in May 2013
Geo-code bus stops, digitize route management & Form IVs , bring in work
flows for approval process there by avoid lot of paper work.
Facilitate BMTC to create and publish contents like News, Press releases,
Bus rentals etc.
Generate Reports for further planning.
Plan their trip looking at the latest route information and view route maps.
Get to know happenings at BMTC.
Provide feedback through public website, get instant acknowledgement.
Geo-code bus stops, Route management, Work flows for
approval process there by avoid lot of paper work.
Master data setup for Divisions, Depots, Bus Stops & Bus
Create/Curtail Form IV and Issue Traffic Orders.
All Form IV, consisting of the details of each trip and schedule,
has been computerised and is being managed online, through
the Admin Module of the Website.
Any official change/modification in Form IV is done through
the website and it is automatically reflected in Trip Planner or
Provision for Survey data collection.
Generation of reports for further planning.
o Search based on Origin, Destination.
o Search based on Route Number.
o Service based time table.
o View Route timings, Bus stops & Route map.
o View Transit Routes ( if applicable ).
o Accurate information about the aerial distance between Origin
and Destination is provided besides Fares and approximate
Option to print Timetable, Bus stops details, Route details
and also the Map.
Time Table & Fares.
o View Time Table by Service.
o Search Fares based on Service Type.
•Addition of New Route.
•Attaching Bus Stops to Route.
•Addition of Trip Details to Schedule.
• Open source technology is used in developing the application
OS - Linux
Web Server - Apache
Development Tool - PHP technologies
Data Base - MySQL
• Drupal 7.0 is used for Content Management
Vehicle Tracking System & 2
• Operations Monitoring
• Incident Management
• Real Time ETA/D
• Revenue Monitoring &
• Ticket and Smart Card
• Revenue Monitoring &
Data & Command Control
• Monitoring & Reporting
• Call Centre
Depot Management System
• Crew Management
• Vehicle Management
ITS : Intelligent Transport System
Bus on the move
/ Voice Data
/ Voice Data
Bus on the move
Bus Station - PIS Web User
Control Room Data Center
• Commuter Concerns.
• Which bus should I take to reach my destination???
• What is the bus route between my origin & destination?
• When is the bus coming???
• When should I reach the bus stop to take my bus??
• Is the next stop my destination?
• Management Concerns.
• Revenue earned, Target Achievements,
• Providing facilities for commuters, Crew.
• Depot management, Scheduling, Fleet Usage.
It Will Take Care of
• Operations Manager Concerns.
• Is any of the bus over-speeding, met with any accident?
• What is revenue collection status, are ETM’s online?
• Where are the buses, are they on time?
• Are there any breakdowns/ Idling/ Bunching?
• Crew Concerns.
• Control Centre Support for incident management.
• Ease of issuing and accounting of tickets.
• Driver appraisal, performance based incentives.
• Easy reconciliation and end of duty process.
• Other Concerns.
• Safety of passengers specially women.
• Driving pattern of drivers. Accidents by Buses.
• Preventive maintenance. Engine health monitoring.
• Asset management. Access management.
It Takes Care of Contd…
• Web based application.
• Data fed everyday at depot level.
• Provide information on various parameters.
• Operated Schedule.
• Traffic Revenue
• Operated Kms.
• Earning per Km.
• Break downs.
• Provide information for different time period based on
• Provide reports at depot level, division level and central
• Controlled access at various levels.
• Precise planning & scheduling bus services -moving
from manual process to a more automated process
• To produce regular Services adapted to real time
traffic conditions and Citizens transport demand in
order to increase ridership
• To optimize scheduling based on a variety of
relevant parameters such as frequency, load
factor, vehicle & crew utilization and others in
order to improve the efficiency of BMTC’s
Planning and Scheduling Application
Adapted to the Demand
• Demand analysis based
on revenue database.
• Understand citizens
demand and adapt the
schedules (where and
• Automatic scheduling based on
various factors (frequencies,
load factor, revenue…).
• Ergonomic manual fine-tuning.
• International standard.
• Statistical travel times
analysis for each routes
• Depending on hour of
the day, day of the week,
• Simulate scheduling
scenarios before to
implement and visualize
• Project Key Performance