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Open Data For Smart City - Alka Misra, Senior Technical Director, Open Government Data Platform, National Portal of India

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Smart City Summit, Surat 2016 - Open Data For Smart City - Alka Misra, Senior Technical Director, Open Government Data Platform, National Portal of India

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Open Data For Smart City - Alka Misra, Senior Technical Director, Open Government Data Platform, National Portal of India

  1. 1. Open Data For Smart City Alka Misra, Scientist-F, HoD Open Government Data Division, National Informatics Centre
  2. 2. What is Smart City ? “The use of Smart Computing technologies to make the critical infrastructure components and services of a city––which include city administration, education, healthcare, public safety, real estate, transportation, and utilities––more intelligent, interconnected, and efficient” A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement. (Caragliu et al. 2009) A Smart City is one that is able to link physical capital with social one, and to develop better services and infrastructures. It is able to bring together technology, information, and political vision, into a coherent Programme of urban and service improvements. A city “connecting the physical infrastructure, the IT infrastructure, the social infrastructure, and the business infrastructure to leverage the collective intelligence of the city”
  3. 3.  Data Connects all aspects of Smart City  Making city data available online using open standards will make the operation of city government more effective, transparent and accountable to the public.  It will streamline o Intra-governmental and inter-governmental communication o Interoperability o Permit the public to assist in identifying efficient solutions for government o Promote innovative strategies for social progress o Avenues for economically viable models. Data/Open Data and Smart City
  4. 4. • New frontier for Planner-Citizen interaction emerges from the open data movement. • In some cities, local governments are actively engaged in releasing municipal data through open data catalogues. • With these data liberated, developers and Urbanites are creating new apps to address important issues in their communities • Transparency and Civic engagement are two important expectations and requirements in urban planning practice and these two values are also central to the open data movement • Although it is early days, the frontier of open data in urban planning is full of opportunities and challenges that we need to explore further Open Data in Urban Planning
  5. 5.  Should have data governance plan for the city  Build different user interfaces  Create an interactive data model to engage citizens and businesses Open Data is the “Need” for Smart Cities
  6. 6. OpenGovernmentData Platform Model-1 Publish datasets on data.gov.in (As of now 6 States published 182 data on it) Model-2 SaaS Instance of data.gov.in - Sikkim State (sikkim.data.gov.in) published 82 datasets and - Surat Municipality (surat.data.gov.in) published 70 datasets Model-1: Open Datasets can be directly be published either on data.gov.in Model-2: State/Department/City Local Government Body can have their own data portal for publishing of Open Datasets as an instance of data.gov.in through Software as a Service (SaaS) Offering Models of OGD Platform
  7. 7. State No of Datasets Madhya Pradesh 89 Haryana 51 Tamil Nadu 18 Meghalaya 19 Chhattisgarh 5 Karnataka 1 States Contributing directly on OGD Platform
  8. 8. Sector National/State/District City Transport/Mobility 1032 6 Energy 631 3 Communication 42 3 Education 649 3 Governance 26 3 Economy 1161 3 Health 7002 3 Tourism 11 3 Crime 2541 46 Environment 788 3 Availability of smart city Indicators data at data.gov.in
  9. 9. • It has been decided all the datasets of SmartNet would be collected from Cities on https://data.gov.in/ • Chief Data Officers are being nominated from city level • Nomination forms of Chief Data Officers and Contributors sent to all the cities by MoUD SmartNet Data through OGD Platform India
  10. 10. • City Profiles: It would be user-fed data. This information ‘template’ shall be made available to cities for updating when required. Data: City Size, Land-use, Built-form, Inter and Intra City Access and Transportation Network, Industry profile, Track record of Schemes, Programmes and Projects (all ministries), Existing Governance Structure and Directory, Municipal Finance • Smart City Mission data: Data: Citizen Participation , Identity and Culture , Economy and Employment , Education, Health, Safety and Security, Mixed Use , Compactness, Open Spaces, Housing and Inclusiveness , Transportation and Mobility , Walkable, IT Connectivity , Intelligent Government Services , Energy Supply , Water Supply , Underground Electric Wiring , Sanitation, Waste Management , Water Management , Waste Water Management / Water Quality , Air Quality , Energy Efficiency , Energy Source • AMRUT Data: Water Supply, Sewage and Seepage Management, Storm water drainage, Open Space, Urban transport SmartNet data through OGD Platform India
  11. 11. Transparency Accountability Citizen Engagement Collaboration Better Governance Better Decision making Innovation OGD: Potential Impact
  12. 12. Government Citizens Developer Community Data Scientists/Journalists/Evangelists Business – Startups, SMEs, Large Companies Civil Society/NGOs OGD : Ecosystem for Smart Cities
  13. 13. • NDSAP was formulated through an extensive process of consultation. It was gazette notified on 17th March 2012 • NDSAP mandates all Ministries/Departments to release maximum possible datasets in the public domain • NDSAP is applicable to • All sharable non-sensitive data • Government Ministries, Departments & Associated Offices Full Text at http://data.gov.in National Data Sharing & Accessibility Policy (NDSAP)
  14. 14. 1. Department of Science & Technology (DST) : • Serve the nodal functions of coordination and monitoring of policy 2. Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY) • Issue detailed implementation guidelines including the technology and standards for data and metadata 3. National Informatics Centre • Establish Data Portal India (data.gov.in) • Facilitate Identification & Publishing of datasets in Consultation with Chief Data Officer 4. Ministry/ Departments/States…… • Nominate Nodal Officer (as Chief Data Officer) • Contribute datasets in Open Format • Manage their Open Data Programme NDSAP: Key Stakeholders
  15. 15. Nodal Officers • Senior Government officers • To drive open data in respective depts/orgns NDSAP Cell • domain, data analyst, technology • Assist in compile, collation , conversion & publishing datasets on data portal in open format Setup a Taskforce Guidelines Data Formats, Metadata Schema, Controlled Vocab • Data Quality, Accessibility, Standardization Workshops, Seminars, Stakeholder Engagement • Sensitization, Capacity bldg. • Citizen Engagement (online) • Community Contests OGD: Implementation Strategy
  16. 16. 111 Chief Data Officer have been nominated 44,700+ Datasets under 4043 catalogs by 102 departments 930+ Visualizations have been created Datasets 8.76 Million times viewed & 3.49 Million times downloaded 444 APIs Numbers as on date
  17. 17. Suggest /Endorse Datasets Write to CDO Visualizations, Apps, Mash- ups etc. Embed - Custom Widgets Software as a Service (SaaS) Social Media Connectors Datasets through APIs Showcase Apps Email/SMS Alert OGD Platform Features
  18. 18. Controlled Vocabulary Services Resources (Datasets/Apps) Cataloging as Service Platform as Service Visualization Engine as Service APIs as a Service Embed Catalogs Service Widget to Consume/Link filtered set of catalogs OGD Platform Services
  19. 19. India had been ranked among Top 20 on the Global Open Data Index 2014 and 2015 OGD Platform India has won the CSI-Nihilent e-Governance Awards for excellence for the year 2013-14 OGD Platform India has won e-India 2013 Award for e-Governance Initiative OGD Accolades
  20. 20. @DataPortalIndia www.facebook.com/DataPortalofIndia ndsap@gov.in Follow OGD Platform THANKS

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