Ict and accessibility for the people with disabilities bashkar battacharjaa
Presentation on ICT and Accessibility for the People with Disabilities E Asia 2011, Dhaka, Bangladesh Presented By : Vashkar Vattacharjaa
Bangladesh: Total Population 150 million More than 10% of the total population are PWDS & 50% are illiterate ● UN Convention Ratified (UNCRPD) ● Lack of Library Service & Accessible Print Materials ● DAISY has opened a new arena in Bangladesh
<ul><li>Introduction of YPSA </li></ul><ul><li>Young Power in Social Action (YPSA), Information Communication and Technology Resource Centre on Disability (IRCD) </li></ul><ul><li>YPSA is a registered social development organization directed towards assisting development initiatives to bring socio-economic change for the poor and vulnerable within the Chittagong District of Bangladesh since 1985. YPSA established IRCD in 2005. The mission of the Centre is to ensure the best use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) for people with a disability, promoting their abilities. YPSA IRCD has practical experience in harnessing technologies to enable visually impaired people. 4 of the 5 full time staff are people with a vision impairment. </li></ul><ul><li>The Centre, amongst other activities, produces and distributes DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) Digital talking books to over 500 individual members, and 20 organisational members. DAISY is a digital standard where books and other reading materials are recorded in order for them to be played back in audio form. DAISY is a form of ICT that is contributing to development in Bangladesh. </li></ul>www.ypsa.org
<ul><li>Web Accessibilities </li></ul>Web accessibility means access to the Web by everyone, regardless of disability. Web accessibility includes: Web sites and applications that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with; For better understanding of web accessibilities visit, www.w3c.com m Web site of bangladesh have visited to make the report. most of are not meet the stander of World Wide Web Consortium ( W3C ). By maintaining W3C stander following barrier have identify to access the website of Bangladesh.
<ul><li>Assistive or adaptive technology </li></ul>www.ypsa.org Assistive or adaptive technology refers to specific ways and means to achieve accessibility by persons with disabilities or otherwise with special needs, both in terms of access to built environments and in terms of access to information and communications including ICTs. The need for assistive technology is normally caused by inaccessible/poorly designed products and/or services. For example, blind people need to use a computer screen reader with voice or Braille output in order to have access to the computer which has been originally designed to interact mainly through visual channel, and deaf people require the use of TDD or TTY in order to communicate through telephone because such communication tool was originally designed to be used mainly through voice interaction, etc. Therefore, assistive technology is a disability-specific issue, intended for making specific products/services accessible. It is a specific mechanism to help achieve the accessible information society.
<ul><li>Information Accessibilities </li></ul>www.ypsa.org Books and written information is difficult to provide to persons with vision impairment or print disability in a format that they can access themselves. The intensions are there to do this but the methods are difficult and facilities and knowledge of production of these materials is limited in relation to the demand. There are a few critical factors related to materials in accessible formats: -TIME: Material should be available when the reader needs it and should be available when the material is made available in print. -COST: Should be available at no extra cost to that of print format. -Easily available The alternative formats to print are: 1. Braille 2. Talking Books 3. E-text 4. Large Print
<ul><li>Information Accessibilities Cont. </li></ul>www.ypsa.org In today's world, computers are playing a big role in production and dissemination of all of these formats. 1. Braille Production: The computerization of the Braille production has been accepted method in all parts of the world. 2. Talking Books: The Digital recording provides in numerable benefits the analog recording and therefore digital talking books recorded using PC and stored on CD are becoming common in the developed world. Efforts are also being made to provide the benefits of this technology to the developing countries. 3. E-text: The screen reading software loaded on a PC becomes an excellent reader of electronic text, which is easy to produce and distribute among persons with blindness or print disabilities. 4. Large Print: The electronic text can be viewed as large print on a PC and the large font printing of the book in e-text has made large print production easier than ever before.
<ul><li>Digital Bangladesh Initiative </li></ul>www.ypsa.org = Digital Bangladesh Strategic paper = National Content Repository = National ICT Policy = Right 2 Information act = Union Information Center
YPSA ICT Activities The Centre, in addition to production and distribution of DAISY materials, provides Computer Training for Visually Impaired students; Professional Development Training to assist people with a disability into employment; a space with computers available for members use and on-site support from IRCD staff members within this space. IRCD encourages members to email or telephone in technical questions about the use of computer programs: the staff will try to research/ seek out answers. IRCD staff work with partners to develop accessible software and hardware. Finally IRCD also provides ICT training to staff of various organisations in order for them to improve their computer literacy and better service their clients.
<ul><li>History of DAISY In Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>IRCD established at YPSA head office Chittagong Bangladesh, April 2005. IRCD center continues to make all kinds of books in DAISY format and works for promotion of DAISY in Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>Inauguration workshop DAISY for all, April 2005. 90 participants from government, education and different NGO organisations </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cont.. </li></ul><ul><li>Focal Point Training, October 2005. Participants from 7 different organisations such as local NGO’s and teachers </li></ul><ul><li>International Trainers Training attended 2006 & 2007, Bangkok Thailand. Attendees were IRCD staff </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Development Training for People with a Disability (Residential), July to November 2006 </li></ul>
<ul><li>Training on ICT for Dhaka University Students </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering Visually Impaired Students through ICT </li></ul>Professional Development Training (PDT) <ul><li>All trainees will be able to access Information Communication Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Improved communication skill in English </li></ul><ul><li>It enhanced managerial skill of the trainees </li></ul>
Cont… <ul><li>Current Computer Training for Vision Impaired University Students and Graduates </li></ul>
Orientation on DAISY & ICT to honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh 2010 Prime Minister Shekh Hasina are introduce with YPSA ICT Program at ICT Fair
<ul><li>DTB Production </li></ul><ul><li>IRCD has already produced more than 500 Digital Talking Books on various issues… </li></ul><ul><li>Including ► Livelihood, ► Literature, ► Disaster Preparedness and Management, ► Primary and reproductive health, ► HIV/AIDS, ► Law ► Agriculture ► English language text </li></ul><ul><li>► Digital Talking Drama ► books etc. </li></ul>
Cont… <ul><li>DAISY Digital Talking Drama will also be held in the National Content Repository www.infokosh.bangladesh.gov.bd along with our centres other DAISY publications. This ensures greater scope for delivery of our publications to our target audience. All publications included on this repository are distributed to tele centres and all Bangla Speaking individuals can access this repository via the internet. </li></ul>
A2I (Access to Information) program of the Prime Minister's office <ul><li>A collaboration between YPSA-IRCD, UNDP and the A2I (Access to Information) program of the Prime Minister's office resulted in the development of 100 Talking Dramas. Talking Drama content is a verbal drama with DAISY features. Most are in local languages and some are produced with simple Bangla. Talking Dramas will be aired on community radio. YPSA has received one of 13 recently awarded licenses for community radio stations. </li></ul>
E-Content and ICT for Development Award, 2010 <ul><li>A recent achievement which was an important acknowledgement of IRCD’s work was DAISY winning the Champion Award for e-inclusion and participation from the Bangladesh Governments Ministry of Science and ICT. E-Content and ICT for Development Award, 2010, www.eaward.org.bd </li></ul>
Manthan Award South Asia <ul><li>IRCD’s work with DAISY also received a special mention at the 2010 Manthan Awards under the e-inclusion category. </li></ul>