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29th July 2017 – Chandigarh
Presentation
On
Use of Natural Gas in Smart Cities
E&P
Imported LNG
LNG Regasification
Gas Pipelines
Fertilizer
Power
City Gas
Refineries
Gas Processing &
Petrochemical
Gas ...
Gas Infrastructure
Existing Gas pipelines
LPG Pipeline
GAIL’s Upcoming Pipeline
RIL’s East West Pipeline
Other proposed Pi...
Sustainable Environment & Urbanization
Of India’s
current
population lives in
urban areas
31%
Of India’s
population
will b...
21st CENTURY - GAS
19th CENTURY - COAL
20th CENTURY - OIL
Natural Gas
… Greener, Economical and Convenient Fuel
Emission
(...
Cost Economy of CNG over Petrol / Diesel
Delhi Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
Cost per Km for Petrol /
Diesel Vehicles (Rs./Km)
Cost ...
City Gate Station CNG Station DRS
CGD Value Chain
• Cooking
• Space Heating
• Water Heating
• Air Conditioning
• Back-up P...
CGD Sector- At a Glance
• CGD entities involved : 31 in 81 GAs in 19 State(s)/ UTs.
• GAIL’s CGD Entities : 9 JVs and 1 Su...
• Unsafe Handling in Transportation
• Increased Time to Market
• Increase in Traffic Congestion
• May prove Hazardous in c...
Smart City Dashboard
S.No. Smart City
Rounds
Month & Year Number of Cities
Selected
No. of Cities
authorized by PNGRB
1 1s...
Smart Cities and Pipeline Infrastructure
Particulars
No of Smart
Cities
On
Existing P/L
On Under
Const. P/L
On Proposed
P/...
Smart Cities and CGD in Haryana & Punjab
State Number of
Smart Cities
Number of GAs with
CGD Operations
PNG (D) CNG
Statio...
Smart City-
Core Infrastructure Element
Adequate water supply
Assured electricity supply
Sanitation, including solid waste...
Source : Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Date: 21 July 2017, Juniper Hall, India Habitat Canter, Delhi
Gas ...
Policy Enablers for Gas Based Smart Solutions
• Provision for Gas Corridor with other utility services
• Provision for lan...
GoI - Support Provided
• Allocation of Domestic Gas to CGD sector under no cut category
– Price of domestic gas revised to...
Way Forward/ Support Required
• Fiscal Incentives
– Natural gas is to be brought under the ambit of GST
• Level playing fi...
Way Forward/ Support Required
• Single Window Permission for faster execution of CGD Project
• With “Public Utility” Statu...
What Urban India wants in Smart Cities
Source : http://www.cioandleader.com/article/2015/12/21/what-urban-india-wants-its-...
Back-up Slides
LNG Based CGD
– LNG can be supplied to industries where p/l can not be laid
– Small scale Satellite LNG Plants – Onsite LN...
Smart Solutions-Households
Cooking
Water
Heater
Space
Heating
Continuous
Supply
Economical
One Stop
Solution
Reduce Carbon...
GAIL (India) Limited
Youngest PSU to be accorded Maharatna Status
Incorporated on 16th August, 1984
VISION
Be the leading ...
Service to the Nation (19 States/UTs)
Operates
3/4th
of the total NG transmission p/l in
India (11000 Km;206 MMSCMD)
Respo...
GAIL today an integrated & diversified gas company ……
Pipeline : NG ~11,000 Km; 206 MMSCMD, LPG ~2050 Km; 3.8 MMTPA
Gas So...
……With significant presence across gas value chain…
E&P: PI in 11 Domestic Blocks; 2 Myanmar; 1 Shale asset in U.S.A
Overs...
Qualitative Benefits of Natural Gas
Property Natural Gas Petrol HSD Benefit of Using Natural
Gas
Physical State Vapor Liqu...
Smart Cities-1st Round (20 Cities)
Smart Cities- Fast Track (13 Cities)
Smart Cities-2nd Round (27 Cities)
Smart Cities-3rd Round (30 Cities)
List of 12 Cities added in 3rd Round
S.No. Name of Smart City Name of State/UT
1 Amravati Andhra Pradesh
2 New Raipur Chha...
Smart City Mission
• Existing cities being transformed to Smart Cities by
– Augmenting basic infrastructure
– Developing N...
Total Area Based
Development Cost
(Rs. Cr.) : 1,52,600
Total Winning Proposal :
90
Total Urban Population
Impacted : 9,59,...
Smart City
“The objective of the Smart Cities Mission is
to promote cities that provide core
infrastructure and give a dec...
90 Smart Cities
Source : https://smartnet.niua.org/smart-cities-network
Gas Value Chain
Overall fuel efficiency 92%
Emits less CO2than coal50%
Generates SOx (a cause of acid rain), NOx
(produce smog) & particul...
Elets Smart City Conclave, Chandigarh - A K jana, Executive Director (Marketing), GAIL India Ltd.
Elets Smart City Conclave, Chandigarh - A K jana, Executive Director (Marketing), GAIL India Ltd.
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Elets Smart City Conclave, Chandigarh - A K jana, Executive Director (Marketing), GAIL India Ltd.

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Elets Smart City Conclave, Chandigarh - A K jana, Executive Director (Marketing), GAIL India Ltd.

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Elets Smart City Conclave, Chandigarh - A K jana, Executive Director (Marketing), GAIL India Ltd.

  1. 1. 29th July 2017 – Chandigarh Presentation On Use of Natural Gas in Smart Cities
  2. 2. E&P Imported LNG LNG Regasification Gas Pipelines Fertilizer Power City Gas Refineries Gas Processing & Petrochemical Gas Processing (LHC/LPG) LPG Gas Pipelines Natural Gas (Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane ) Methane : Fertilizer, Power, CGD Ethane : Petrochemical Propane & Butane : LPG Pentane : Industries GAIL’s Presence in Gas Value Chain Other Industries
  3. 3. Gas Infrastructure Existing Gas pipelines LPG Pipeline GAIL’s Upcoming Pipeline RIL’s East West Pipeline Other proposed Pipelines LNG Terminal JAGDISHPUR PHOOLPUR BHATINDA BAREILLY DISPUR DELHI AGARTALA BARODA LUCKNOW PATNA AHMEDABAD RAJKOT KOTA MATHANIA GWALIOR UJJAIN AGRA KOLKATA GAYA BOKARO VARANASI JHANSI DAHEJ I & II 10 mmtpa COIMBATORE BANGALORE SOLAPUR DABHOL 5 mmtpa AURAIYA CUTTACK VIJAYPUR KANPUR NANGAL GURGAUN PUNE BHARUCH SURAT HYDERABAD RAJAMUNDRY BHOPAL BARMER Hisar Jhajjarr Dadri –Bawana –Nangal P/L Chainsa –Jhajjar – Hisar P/L DVPL PH-II GREP II EWPL KOCHI 5 mmtpa Dabhol-Bangalore P/L Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore- Mangalore P/L JHBD P/L DAMRA JABALPUR BHILAI JAISALMER TAPI P/L From Pakistan Surat Paradip P/L HAZIRA 5 mmtpa GAIL KG Network P/l Network (Km) Capacity (MMSCMD) GAIL ~11000 + 5000 (Upcoming) ~206 Total ~16000 ~350
  4. 4. Sustainable Environment & Urbanization Of India’s current population lives in urban areas 31% Of India’s population will be in Urban areas by 2030 40% Of the world’s population is predicted to be urban by 2050 66% Urbanization Rise in Energy Consumption Increased Emission Environment Degradation Use of Natural Gas Economical and Sustainable Environment
  5. 5. 21st CENTURY - GAS 19th CENTURY - COAL 20th CENTURY - OIL Natural Gas … Greener, Economical and Convenient Fuel Emission (Gms per 100 Km) CO2 UHC CO NOx SOx SPM Petrol 22,000 85 634 78 8.3 11.1 Diesel 21,000 21 106 108 21 12.5 CNG 16,275 5.6 22.2 25.8 0.15 0.29 % Reduction (CNG Vs. Petrol) 26% 93% 96% 67% 98% 74% % Reduction (CNG Vs.Diesel) 23% 73% 79% 76% 99% 98% Source :US Energy Department Emission Table of Various fuels:
  6. 6. Cost Economy of CNG over Petrol / Diesel Delhi Ahmedabad (Gujarat) Cost per Km for Petrol / Diesel Vehicles (Rs./Km) Cost per Km for CNG Vehicles (Rs./Km) % Savings by use of CNG over Petrol/ Diesel Particulars Delhi-NCR Gujarat No. of Registered Vehicles (Excluding 2 Wheelers ) ~32 Lakhs ~39 Lakhs No. of CNG run vehicles 9.39 Lakhs 10.94 Lakhs No. of CNG Stations 421 396 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Petrol Petrol Diesel Diesel Auto Car/Taxi Car Bus/ Truck 58% 59% 41% 30% 0 5 10 15 Petrol Petrol Diesel Diesel Auto Car/Taxi Car Bus/ Truck 51% 53% 37% 26% Source : PPAC for CNG Stations & CNG vehicles; As on 31.03.2017 No. of registered vehicles as on 31.03.2012 :http://www.mospi.gov.in/statistical-year-book-india/2016/189l
  7. 7. City Gate Station CNG Station DRS CGD Value Chain • Cooking • Space Heating • Water Heating • Air Conditioning • Back-up Power Residential Complex Commercial • Fuel for Furnace, Boilers etc. • Power Generation • Air Conditioning • FeedstockDBS LCV 3-4 Wheelers
  8. 8. CGD Sector- At a Glance • CGD entities involved : 31 in 81 GAs in 19 State(s)/ UTs. • GAIL’s CGD Entities : 9 JVs and 1 Subsidiary in 30 GAs • Urja Ganga : 6 CGD networks along JHBDPL by GAIL • Present CGD Infrastructure in the Country • Gas consumption in CGD sector for May’17 : ~22 MMSCMD [Domestic Gas ~12 MMSCMD and R-LNG ~ 10 MMSCMD] (16.3% of Total gas consumption i.e. 137 MMSCMD) Particulars PAN India Details GAIL’s CGD Entities / % of Total PNG (Domestic) 36.50 Lakhs 20.21 Lakhs / 55% PNG (Industrial & Commercial) ~ 29000 ~10560 / 36% CNG Stations 1251 813 / 65% CNG Vehicles ~ 31.20 Lakhs ~19.23 Lakhs / 62% As on 30.06.2017
  9. 9. • Unsafe Handling in Transportation • Increased Time to Market • Increase in Traffic Congestion • May prove Hazardous in case of leakage • Occupies more space • Human Intervention- Pilferage PNG – Smart Choice for Smart Cities • Hassle free Handling • Uninterrupted supply through pipes • Safer than any other liquid or gaseous fuel • Lighter than Air- Vaporizes Immediately • Frees space in Kitchen • No Human Intervention - No Pilferage
  10. 10. Smart City Dashboard S.No. Smart City Rounds Month & Year Number of Cities Selected No. of Cities authorized by PNGRB 1 1st Jan 2016 20 11 2 Fast Track May 2016 13 7 3 2nd Sep 2016 27 13 4 3rd June 2017 30 8 Total 90 39 Number of Cities yet to be selected : 20 in which 9 cities are authorized by PNGRB Number of cities targeted : 110 (Initial : 98; 12 cities are added in 3rd Round) Number of Smart Cities Selected : 90
  11. 11. Smart Cities and Pipeline Infrastructure Particulars No of Smart Cities On Existing P/L On Under Const. P/L On Proposed P/L No P/L Operating CGD 48 41 7 0 0 GA under bidding 2 2 0 0 0 Bidding to be done 60 10 21 3 26 Total 110 53 28 3 26
  12. 12. Smart Cities and CGD in Haryana & Punjab State Number of Smart Cities Number of GAs with CGD Operations PNG (D) CNG Stations CNG Vehicles Haryana 2 (Faridabad & Karnal) 6 (Faridabad, Yamunanagar, Sonipat, Gurgaon, Panipat, Rewari) 60471 33 125227 Punjab 3 (Amritsar, Ludhiana & Jalandhar) 5 (Rupnagar, Amritsar, Bhatinda, Fatehgarh Sahib, Jalandhar) - - - UT of Chandigarh 1 (Chandigarh) 1 (Chandigarh) 3529 2 1500 Total 6 12 64000 35 126727 Source : PPAC (As on 01.06.2017)
  13. 13. Smart City- Core Infrastructure Element Adequate water supply Assured electricity supply Sanitation, including solid waste management efficient urban mobility and public transport Affordable housing, especially for the poor Robust IT connectivity & digitalization Good Governance, e-Governance & citizen participation Sustainable environment Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children & elderly Health and education
  14. 14. Source : Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Date: 21 July 2017, Juniper Hall, India Habitat Canter, Delhi Gas Corridor
  15. 15. Policy Enablers for Gas Based Smart Solutions • Provision for Gas Corridor with other utility services • Provision for land for CNG Stations in Master Plan • Conversion of vehicles to CNG • New/under construction houses should have provision of PNG • Obligatory CCHP and Diesel running generators /Power Backups to be replaced by Gas Based Generators • GSM based metering for domestic and commercial connections
  16. 16. GoI - Support Provided • Allocation of Domestic Gas to CGD sector under no cut category – Price of domestic gas revised to $2.48 per MMBTU. • Public Utility Status granted to CGD Projects • Supply of domestic gas to Non Domestic Exempted (NDEC)Category • Timely Permissions and Exorbitant Charges: MoP&NG has taken initiative to sort out the issues faced by CGD entities with various State/Local authorities. • Piped gas supply in all smart cities – MoUD has advised all the States / Union Territories to ensure provision of piped gas supply in all smart cities • Ministry of Defense issued guidelines for use of PNG in its residential areas/unit lines
  17. 17. Way Forward/ Support Required • Fiscal Incentives – Natural gas is to be brought under the ambit of GST • Level playing field w.r.t. Commercial LPG and Furnace Oil – Until CGD does not come under the purview of GST • No custom duty in case RLNG is used • Removal of Excise Duty from CNG – Tax rate for Domestic PNG should be at par with Domestic Subsidized LPG – “Infrastructure Status” to CGD network • Declaring subsidized LPG free zones (14.2 Kg.) wherever there is PNG penetration. Contd..
  18. 18. Way Forward/ Support Required • Single Window Permission for faster execution of CGD Project • With “Public Utility” Status to PNG already granted, however, implementation through State Govt. to be expedited • Mandate of Government for PNG connections to its various colonies of Railways, PSUs, State Government and education Institutes nearby CGD Projects . • To make viable business model for PNG (D), encouragement of anchor customers in CNG, industrial and commercial segment is required with the following supports; – Land allocation for installation of CNG stations within cities – Induction of more number of CNG buses by State Transport Authorities. – Banning of use of polluting fuels like FO to reduce pollution – Mandatory conversion of diesel generators to gas based generators in commercial installations like shopping malls, hospitals, mobile towers, restaurants, government offices and high - rise residential buildings.
  19. 19. What Urban India wants in Smart Cities Source : http://www.cioandleader.com/article/2015/12/21/what-urban-india-wants-its-smart-cities 29% 21% 8% 7% 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 3% 2% 6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Traffic/Transport/Parking Waste Management/Sanitation Citizen Services/E-Governance Water/Water Quality Environment/Clean air Power Supply Education & Health Internet/Data Connectivity Heritage/Tourism/Culture Security Employment Others Based on top 3 priorities in Smart Cities selected by Citizens of 51 cities in online polls conducted by their local urban bodies
  20. 20. Back-up Slides
  21. 21. LNG Based CGD – LNG can be supplied to industries where p/l can not be laid – Small scale Satellite LNG Plants – Onsite LNG Storage and Regasification facilities – Commercial LPG cylinders can be replaced with LNG cylinders – One 3000 Litres of LNG cylinder • Equivalent to 100 Domestic LPG cylinders • Can supply a small village for a weeks time – Mini LNG Liquefaction plant can supply Piped Gas through LNG Cylinders to nearby localities for domestic consumption
  22. 22. Smart Solutions-Households Cooking Water Heater Space Heating Continuous Supply Economical One Stop Solution Reduce Carbon Footprint Better Environment
  23. 23. GAIL (India) Limited Youngest PSU to be accorded Maharatna Status Incorporated on 16th August, 1984 VISION Be the leading company in natural gas and beyond with global focus, committed to customer care, value creation for all stakeholders and environment responsibility MISSION To accelerate and optimise the effective and economic use of Natural Gas and its fractions to the benefit of the national economy As per GoI Policy Mandate
  24. 24. Service to the Nation (19 States/UTs) Operates 3/4th of the total NG transmission p/l in India (11000 Km;206 MMSCMD) Responsible for 1/6th of India’s total LPG transmission (2050 KM, 3.8 MMTPA) Operating more than 2/3rd of India’s CNG stations through alliances (813 out of 1251) Produces 1/5th of polyethylene produced in India (Petrochemicals:2590 KTA) Contributes to more than 3/5th of the Natural Gas sold in India Produces LPG for every 20th LPG cylinders in India (LPG/LHC : 6 Plants; 1.3 MMTPA)
  25. 25. GAIL today an integrated & diversified gas company …… Pipeline : NG ~11,000 Km; 206 MMSCMD, LPG ~2050 Km; 3.8 MMTPA Gas Sourcing/Trading:Long-term Import Portfolio 24 MMTPA 13.23 - LNG /Sea Route 10.6 Cross Border pipeline / Land route Petrochemical: 810 KTA Pata (I&II) + 280 KTA BCPL + 1500 KTA OPaL Grand Total = 2590 KTA LPG/LHC: 6 Plants, Capacity 1.3 MMTPA
  26. 26. ……With significant presence across gas value chain… E&P: PI in 11 Domestic Blocks; 2 Myanmar; 1 Shale asset in U.S.A Overseas: Presence in US, Singapore, Myanmar, China, Egypt City Gas: Subsidiary - GAIL Gas Ltd. + 9 JVs : Serving 30 cities Diversification: Wind + Solar (123 MW) + 5.76 MW Rooftop Solar (Upcoming)
  27. 27. Qualitative Benefits of Natural Gas Property Natural Gas Petrol HSD Benefit of Using Natural Gas Physical State Vapor Liquid Liquid Liquid clings to Human Body- More Hazardous Ignition Temperature 1080 F 540 F 410 F Higher Ignition Temperature prevents spontaneous ignition Density Lighter than Air Lighter than Water Lighter than Water Dissipates Faster in case of Leakage Spill Behaviour Evaporates and Disperses Pools on Surface Pools on Surface Less hazardous if immediate evacuation is possible Source : https://www.cseindia.org/
  28. 28. Smart Cities-1st Round (20 Cities)
  29. 29. Smart Cities- Fast Track (13 Cities)
  30. 30. Smart Cities-2nd Round (27 Cities)
  31. 31. Smart Cities-3rd Round (30 Cities)
  32. 32. List of 12 Cities added in 3rd Round S.No. Name of Smart City Name of State/UT 1 Amravati Andhra Pradesh 2 New Raipur Chhatisgarh 3 Shimla Himachal Pradesh 4 Jammu Jammu & Kashmir 5 Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir 6 Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 7 Puducherry Puducherry 8 Gangtok Sikkim 9 Karimnagar Telangana 10 Patna Bihar 11 Bengaluru Karnataka 12 Pimpri Chinchwad Maharashtra
  33. 33. Smart City Mission • Existing cities being transformed to Smart Cities by – Augmenting basic infrastructure – Developing New Areas of Economic Growth – Employment generation – Use of ICT (Information and Communication Technology)
  34. 34. Total Area Based Development Cost (Rs. Cr.) : 1,52,600 Total Winning Proposal : 90 Total Urban Population Impacted : 9,59,55,046 Total Cost of Projects (Rs. Cr.) : 1,89,256 Total PAN City Solution Cost (Rs. Cr.) : 36,656 Smart City-Snapshot Source : https://smartnet.niua.org/smart-cities-network
  35. 35. Smart City “The objective of the Smart Cities Mission is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment through application of ‘Smart’ Solutions”
  36. 36. 90 Smart Cities Source : https://smartnet.niua.org/smart-cities-network
  37. 37. Gas Value Chain
  38. 38. Overall fuel efficiency 92% Emits less CO2than coal50% Generates SOx (a cause of acid rain), NOx (produce smog) & particulate matter than oil or coal less Switching 1%of power generation from coal-fired plants to gas-fired ones would cut global CO2 emissions as much as increasing renewable energy capacity by 11 percent -- and do so rapidly and economically. 1% switch 11% to produce, transport, store, and useSafe Role of Natural Gas-An overview

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