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Connecting the unconnected Roadmap to Rural Broadband - BharatNet - Vimal Ignatius, Sr. Principal Consultant, CISCO

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Connecting the unconnected Roadmap to Rural Broadband - BharatNet - Vimal Ignatius, Sr. Principal Consultant, CISCO

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Connecting the unconnected Roadmap to Rural Broadband - BharatNet - Vimal Ignatius, Sr. Principal Consultant, CISCO

  1. 1. Connecting the unconnected Vimal Ignatius Sr. Principal Consultant 20 February 2016 Roadmap to Rural Broadband - BharatNet
  2. 2. Cisco Confidential 2© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.  Broadband is no longer about connectivity but Economic & Social development tool  According to The World Bank, 10% increase in broadband penetration may increase the economic growth by 1.21 % in emerging countries and 1.38% in high income countries.  ‘BharatNet’ : Key pillar of ‘Digital India’ bridging the ‘Digital Divide’ fuelling socio-economic growth  An additional 2.5 Cr Internet users by 2018-19 would result in economic benefits of Rs. 66,465 Cr  Help to create jobs 10Cr. Jobs directly & Indirectly  Reducing the entry barrier for Public & Private Broadband Service Providers  Delivering e-Services, e-Education & e-Healthcare across 640K villages  For ‘Digital India’ success, BharatNet need to be fast tracked providing access to affordable broadband to the users Importance of Broadband & BharatNet
  3. 3. Cisco Confidential 3© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Globally, NBN deployments are focused on delivery of specific services (vs. broadband access only) SOURCE: IDA, Dept of IT of South Korea, Singapore, Argentina, Cisco IBSG SP analysis Human capital development Infrastructure development Infotainment • Remote delivery of education • Job opportunities • Skills enhancement • Remote access to healthcare • Smart cities/ smart grids • Transportation management • Remote access to utility needs (e.g., rail tickets, bill payment) • Information and best practice sharing (ranging from e.g., financial services, e-governance, agri- techniques) • Entertainment (e.g., IPTV, local radio content) Example country Innovation DescriptionEnabler • Connected home/ office/ communities (researchers, product development, anytime anywhere/ anytime collaboration) • South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia • USA, Singapore, Switzerland, Germany • Argentina, Philippines • Singapore, Japan, South Korea
  4. 4. Cisco Confidential 4© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. What does Rural India want from broadband? 1. High aspiration for Connected Life services, particularly in villages that do not have any ICT. Others services- banking, eGovernance and agriculture 2. Selected ‘super-connected’ villages in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, where CISCO deployed health, education and skills development services platforms, exhibited extremely high utilization 3. Debunking the myth that it might be difficult to monetize these services, there is high willingness to pay for services that open new pathways to learning and skills development, greater financial security and quality of life (e.g., online tuitions, admissions counseling, opening of bank accounts, marketing of local produce and remote diagnostics) SOURCE: Cisco IMRB Rural India Connected Life survey 2012, Cisco IBSG SP analysis
  5. 5. Cisco Confidential 5© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Future Trends & Directions • Network Infrastructure being built is for future (10-15 years) serving not only current services but upcoming applications/services in future • Networks have to be flexible, agile and applications aware and not static moving forward with IoE/IoT and Smart City applications • Monetization – No operator makes money by building static fixed pipes network only with bit pipe service • Networks have to be IP efficient, IP aware and Multiservice • IP has become the de facto traffic for Broadband & any other applications (Voice, Video, Data) • Traffic originates as IP and terminates as IP • Objective has been always to carry IP traffic efficiently • World over trend is to reduce the network layers to increase efficiencies and ease of end to end provisioning
  6. 6. Cisco Confidential 6© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Services Oriented Technology/Architecture Not technology driven Services/Architecture E-Governance Services MonetizationServices Services Type Description e-Health Extending Specialist Diagnostic Health Services to VP's e-Education Extending Specialist Education live over Video Conferancing or from Video Banks e-Skills Industry specific Workmanship Trainings for Skill Development e-Samvad (Video Conferencing) Govt Services for Redresal services etc e-Governance Citizen Services Community WiFi Extending Commercial and Value Added Services 3G/4G Mobile Backhaul Extending Commercial and Value Added Services Open Access WiFi for TSPs/ISPs Extending Commercial and Value Added Services Video Broadcast for IPTV/MSOs Extending Commercial and Value Added Services SME Connectivity for Rural Banking Extending Commercial and Value Added Services Cloud Based ASPs Extending Commercial and Value Added Services
  7. 7. Cisco Confidential 7© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Future of BharatNet Importance of Technology & Architecture • BharatNet we are planning today is going to greatly enhance broadband speed, penetration & experience in India • Long term self sustainable models are possible only with right choice of technology & architecture for any infrastructure build-out • Question is “Do we really need to invest building next generation Services Oriented Technology Architecture & Capacity?” • Answer to that is : “The networks we build today, decisions we make now will determine what kind of Broadband experience India can have in next 10-15 years’ time” • Govt. need to build the infrastructure addressing the challenges of Innovation, Efficiency, Scale, Security, QoS, Interoperability and Standardization with focus on long-term sustainability.
  8. 8. Cisco Confidential 8© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Considerations for BharatNet • Given the richness of Services and Scale of deployment, choice of right technology is key to the success of ‘Digital India’ • Any incorrect Technology & Architecture may lead us to a dead lock where things cannot evolve further or cannot adopt new things as the network grows • The questions we need to ask ourselves for any technology/architecture are: • Is it right technology architecture for SLAs backed Services delivery? • Is it future proof with respect to investments, technology, security and trends for the next 10-15 years? • Does it have a wide acceptance across multiple vendors, Public/Private Enterprises’ networks with interoperability? • Are any marginal cost savings across technologies really true for long term and can it be “strong enough” reason to take the path down on a particular technology?
  9. 9. Cisco Confidential 9© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.  Fast Tracking BharatNet Go Ahead at Center  Technology, Architecture and implementation models have been suggested in NOFN Review Committee report (Dt. 31st March 2015)  Need to fast track approvals & implementation plans  Interim approaches for faster Implementation  Explore feasibility of Overhead fiber laying using State electricity Distribution Network  Resolves many RoW issues with State machinery being part of the deployment  Reduced Cost & Reduced Implementation time  Example is AP Fiber Grid Network  Explore Feasibility of Outcome based Phased Implementation Approach for BharatNet  Approaching network build-out in 2 parts – DHQ to BHQ (Part1) and BHQ to GP (Part2)  Part1 with much less fiber layout (2-3 Lakh Km), better terrain, lesser time compared to 10-11 lakh Km of Part2  Provides 100% coverage for Broadband network up to Blocks in short span of time while also integrating existing GPs connected under NOFN for Services roll out  Provides connectivity for all the end points under NII 2.0 at DHQ and BHQ level from day 1  As they are deployed multiple BHQ to GPs access networks can keep on integrating with established DHQ to BHQ network for Services ultimately delivering larger impact Road Ahead…BharatNet
  10. 10. Thank you.

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