S K Sinha


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Presentation given by S K Sinha, Senior Technical Director & Head, Smart Card Technology Division and NIC CA, NIC on August 2nd, 2011 at eWorld Forum (www.eworldforum.net) in the session Unique Identification Number (UID)

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S K Sinha

  1. 1. S.K.Sinha
  2. 2. Talk Index Smart Card Based Indian e-ID’s Interoperability standards
  3. 3. National e-ID based Projects National ID Card (New Name is NPR) Driver’s License e-Passport Social Security (RSBY Public Distribution System Unique ID (Number only, no smart card)
  4. 4. National ID (NPR Card) Total Volume is 1 Billion + No existing Data To be rolled-out in phased manner in geographic order Step 1 : Creation of NPR (National Population Register)  Data Collection through census and survey  Demographic data with fingerprint and facial image  Fingerprint based de-duplication (gigantic …!!) Step 2: Issuance of e-ID on Smart Cards
  5. 5. National ID (NPR Card) First Pilot was conducted in 2007 Smart Cards issued to 3 Million citizen. Second Pilot is on the move – 10 Million – coastal population. 2011 Census is the basis. eID to be issued on the basis of this census.
  6. 6. National ID (NPR Card) - Objectives Border and Costal Security Check illegal immigration Better Law Enforcement Identity Verification and Authentication Border Management
  7. 7. National ID (NPR Card) -Challenges Managing Data Collection Managing Accuracy Political Challenges Social Challenges Technological Challenges  Size  Interoperability
  8. 8. National ID (NPR Card) -Technology Biometrics based de-duplication SCOSTA based Smart Cards with 64 kB EEPROM Passive Authentication for data integrity. Symmetric Key based Active Authentication for document authenticity. Fingerprint 1:1 verification for entity authentication. Identity and biometrics info to be digitally signed by RGI (MHA)
  9. 9. Driver’s License Total Volume – 100 Millions Acts and Regulation by MoRT&H Enforcement and Issuance by State Transport Authorities. Once issued, entitled to drive across country. Cross Province Reading and Writing is crucial
  10. 10. Driver’s License State Wise Roll Out through Transport Offices Automated Process flow for back-end processes. Regional-Provincial-National Registers of Licensee. Implemented through Public-Private-Partnership.
  11. 11. Driver’s License - Objectives To provide an authentic mechanism to check-out the counterfeit. Better law enforcement. Provide a fool-proof off-line mechanism of authentication.
  12. 12. Driver’s License - Technology SCOSTA based Smart Cards with minimum 64 k bytes (after recent notification by MoRT&H). Back-end process automation Vahan and Sarathi Role based Authority Delegation Framework  Issuance  Booking offence  Tax Payment  Card Data management Standard for Hand Held Smart Card Readers for verification and challan endorsement
  13. 13. Indian ePassport Pilot was implemented in 2007 National Roll out to be launched soon Totally Indigenous technology based on SCOSTA –CL Standards. Perfect marriage of ICAO and SCOSTA Provides complete Interoperability, free from vendor locking. Interoperability not only in terms of reading and verification, but also for manufacturing and personalization. All because of SCOSTA Standards.
  14. 14. Indian ePassport - Technology 64 Kbytes µ processor based Inlays – embedded to the back cover. SCOSTA-CL compliant Operating System. SCOSTA-CL is superset of ICAO Standards. Passive Authentication and Basic Access Control. LDS DG1, DG2, DG3, DG11, DG13 and SOD. SCOSTA-CL ensures that project does not get into vendor or technology locking. PKI Setup as per PKD Guidelines (India is a PKD member)
  15. 15. Social Security (Health) Name of scheme RSBY (National Health Insurance Scheme) ( For economically weaker section of population Cash-less treatment at all the hospitals just through Smart Cards (Health Card) Fool-proof off-line mechanism of authentication. Role based Authority Delegation Framework for delivering services in Hospitals and Health Organizations.
  16. 16. National Health Insurance Scheme Free Annual Health Cover of Rs 30,000 Premium paid by Government Instant Smart Card issuance thru Field Camps (SCOSTA 32 K Contact) Beneficiary group is pre defined Card Issuer – ISP (Insurance Service Provider) on behalf of Government Hospital, empanelled by ISP Variety of choice with beneficiary to choose the best hospital
  17. 17. National Health Insurance Scheme Claims settled by Hospital from ISP, no fee to be paid by beneficiary. True PPP Model  Premium Paid by Government  Technology Standards by Government  Card issued by ISP but owned by Government  Security Framework by Government  Health services by empanelled hospitals  Health Cover by ISP  Data ownership joint, ISP and Government
  18. 18. Public Distribution System Pilot is under roll out in State of Haryana and UT of Chandigarh System of distribution of Government Subsidies to entitled families Subsidies are given for food grains, cooking oil/gas etc. Smart Cards to each entitled family. Smart Cards to each entity in supply chain. Card to Card transaction at every point in supply chain. This ensures accountability at every point and stops leakage. 64 K Byte SCOSTA compliant Smart Cards Finger Print based verification Fool-proof off-line mechanism of authentication.
  19. 19. Interoperability StandardsSmart Card StandardsFinger Print and Biometric StandardsData StandardsProcess Standards
  20. 20. SCOSTASmart Card Standards Indian Smart Card Standards are called as “SCOSTA” Open Standards No royalty or membership fee Maintained by Government of India Derived from ISO 7816 -4, -8 and -9 Any one can develop and apply for compliance certificate Web site http://scosta.gov.in; explains everything i.e. Standard, process of testing and certification, application procedure etc.
  21. 21. Biometrics Standards Available at http://egovstandards.gov.in Finger Print, face and Iris Fingerprint Standards  Fingerprint Image  Fingerprint Minutia storage and transmission  Fingerprint minutia extraction and matching  Basis is ISO 19794 Facial Image  Basis is ISO 19794 and ICAO  Currently only for manual matching Iris  Basis is ISO 19794 (is it matured..?)
  22. 22. Data Standards Data Standards on eID are crucial for all kind of interoperabilities. Cross application Standardization for common data elements  E.g. Name, Address, DOB, POB, Parentage etc. Application specific Data Standards  E.g. http://www.rsby.in, http://parivahan.nic.in etc.
  23. 23. Thanks !!!!!Contact:Email - sinha.sk@nic.inCell - +919818238658Phone - +911124365085 S.K.Sinha National Informatics Center
  24. 24. Indian ePassport - TechnologyICAO Interoperability SCOSTA Interoperability Country 1 Vendor 1 Country 1 Country 2 Vendor 2 Country 2 Country 3 Vendor 3 Country 3  ICAO Standards are for Reading and Verification of ePassports  SCOSTA-CL Standards are for Reading, Verification, Writing and Personalization of ePassports  SCOSTA-CL is ICAO +++