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R S Sharma


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Presentation given by R S Sharma, Director General, UID Authority of India, Government of India on August 2nd, 2011 at eWorld Forum ( in the session Unique Identification Number (UID)

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
  • Dear R S Sharma ji, Good day.
    Please help me know whom to e mail, in DCT scheme , when Gas cylinder Subsidy is not receved.
    At Bank end i submitted AAdhar & is been linked.
    At Bharat gas too Aadhaar is linked, Their system is also showing.
    But they say It Is DCT to transfer cash to ur Bank account.
    So how to correspond with DCT,
    My consumer No 35923 SARALA LODHA,
    Secunderabad , A.p.
    My Banker Is SBH, West Marredpally,
    Please help me with email id of personnel to be contacted in DCT Office.
    , With any land line, mobile number .
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

R S Sharma

  1. 1. Creating Unique IDs for 1.2 Billion Indian Residents Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) Delhi, August 2, 2011
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Context of Unique IDs in India </li></ul><ul><li>Features of UIDs (Aadhaar) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation Eco-system and Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Service Delivery Potential of Aadhaar </li></ul><ul><li>Some Service Delivery Applications Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Road and Challenges Ahead </li></ul>
  3. 3. Context of UIDs in India <ul><li>Provision of a robust, reusable ID to those who do not have any ID proof </li></ul><ul><li>To clean up existing databases through Uniqueness </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Targeting and Delivery of Services </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce cost of Delivery of Services </li></ul>
  4. 4. UIDAI’s Mandate <ul><li>To provide Unique ID Number to all Residents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrolment is a one time process for the resident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes Uniqueness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide online, cost-effective, ubiquitous authentication services across country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authentication is transactional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be done at the time of availing a benefit </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Verifying ID is a common challenge NREGA jobs ID document ≠ ID Multiple service providers, same resident! NREGA jobs Establishing ID – poor man’s problem Birth records Address proof Money to ‘beat’ the system Poverty Premium
  6. 6. ID is the only focus of UIDAI NREGA jobs UID is just an instrument Guarantee to identity No guarantee to rights No guarantee to entitlements
  7. 7. Features of UIDs
  8. 8. Features Contd….
  9. 9. UIDAI will issue unique IDs … Property of UIDAI - Highly confidential UID  Unique number  Random number Basic demographic data and biometrics stored centrally Central UID database Standardized identity attributes No duplicates(1:N check) Standard Know Your Resident (KYR) process Name Parents Gender DoB PoB Address
  10. 10. … and authenticate IDs online, real-time Property of UIDAI - Highly confidential Central UID database 1:1 check, no ID fraud Only YES/NO response, no details – no invasion of privacy Person can see self-details, no one else can Authentication - ‘Are you who you claim to be?’
  11. 11. Information Collected
  12. 13. Iris Pupil 1024 digit number 1024 digit number Each iris has a unique pattern
  13. 14. 30+ minutiae extracted from each fingerprint Fingerprint Minutiae template
  14. 15. Name Address Gender Date of birth 1 person  1 number 4 demographics + 3 biometrics = 1 unique Aadhaar number Photo Both iris 10 finger- prints
  15. 16. Basic Features of UID Implementation <ul><li>Creating Eco-system of partners </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Enrolments : Standard processes – devices, manpower, client software, verification </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized processing and allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Standards, Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable authentication Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple ABIS and performance based allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality: device and operators certification </li></ul>
  16. 17. Enrolment Ecosystem
  17. 18. UID ecosystem – A symbiotic network Oil Cos. LPG agencies Branches Field agencies Food & Supplies Panchayat Education Ration shops Registrar Sub-registrar Enrolling agency Continuous monitoring and feedback Oil Ministry States LIC & Banks Income Tax
  18. 19. National Launch of Aadhaar <ul><li>Aadhaar launched by PM and UPA Chairperson on September 29, 2010 in Nandurbar district, Maharashtra </li></ul>
  19. 20. Enrolments since then…. <ul><li>About 50 million Enrolments done by AP, Karnataka, MP, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Jharkhand, Tripura, HP, SBI, LIC, NSDL, Other Banks etc. </li></ul><ul><li>About 19 million Aadhaars generated </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival rate 4,00,000 enrolments per day . Expected to touch 1 million per day since October onwards </li></ul><ul><li>Have 20,000 trained Operators , 8,000 units deployed </li></ul>
  20. 21. Enrolment Kit 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Laptop with enrolment client 2 nd monitor for live data verification by resident Camera for photo capture Iris scanner Fingerprint slap scanner Enrolment kit box Item-wise description
  21. 22. Setup
  22. 23. Fingerprints Iris Capture
  23. 24. 4.2 million Aadhaars issued as on 31-3-2011
  24. 25. Enrolments rise …
  25. 26. Set-up
  26. 27. Training and awareness …
  27. 28. Enrolment Challenges
  28. 29.
  29. 30. Reaching out to the marginalised …
  30. 31. A transgender person getting enrolled …
  31. 32. Enrolment Scale
  32. 33. Challenges of scale and reach
  33. 34. Demand for Aadhaar …
  34. 35. Aadhaar Letter
  35. 36. Logistics .. Reaching every resident in India
  36. 37. Aadhaar is a soft infrastructure platform 6654 3212 9087 Can link to a bank a/c and cell-phone
  37. 38. Service Delivery Potential of Aadhaar Number <ul><li>Uniqueness and Existence ensures no fakes or duplicates </li></ul><ul><li>Uniqueness ensures breaking of database silos </li></ul><ul><li>As a sufficient KYC for multiple services : Bank accounts, Financial inclusions, Mobile Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Identity platform for various domains </li></ul>
  38. 39. Service Delivery potential of Authentication <ul><li>All transactions start with proving your identity </li></ul><ul><li>Aadhaar online authentication will provide a common platform which can be used across all applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Entitlements should reach the intended beneficiary – non-transferability to be ensured </li></ul><ul><li>This can be effectively done by authentication at the point of service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Many domains will be able to use as a proof of presence for the beneficiary </li></ul>
  39. 40. Enabler for Inclusive Growth
  40. 41. Aadhaar accepted as … PoI/PoA for mobile connections KYC for no frills bank A/Cs Other applications to follow
  41. 42. Applications Eco-system <ul><li>ICT Assistance for re-engineering of Applications </li></ul><ul><li>State Resident’s Data-hub: Resident Centric View of benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Aadhaar payment Bridge (APB) through Banks, NPCI </li></ul><ul><li>Empanelled Vendors for the States </li></ul>
  42. 43. Convenient cash withdrawal 4. Authenticate 2. AADHAAR number, money transfer instruction, biometrics Resident BC with Micro-ATM Ram’s bank account BC’s bank account Interoperable Switch 1. Withdrawal request 3. Forward to switch 6. Debit 7. Credit 8. Inform: Call / SMS 9. Cash UIDAI 5. Authorize
  43. 44. 2 Fingerprint authentication demo
  44. 45. Housing schemes 8 IAY Streamline delivery of food subsidy 7 Aided by ASHA worker 2 School payments 3 Merit Scholarship Schemes 4 Life and health Insurance 5 Wages / Salary 6 Pension payments 9 Antenatal Care 1 AADHAAR enabled bank account Benefits of an Aadhaar enabled bank account
  45. 46. This means… <ul><li>All the cash entitlements could be channeled through Aadhaar enabled bank accounts. Examples are: MNREGA wages, Scholarships, Pensions, JSY, Disability Pensions etc </li></ul><ul><li>This will improve viability of these accounts </li></ul><ul><li>This has the potential to transform the delivery of basic banking services at low costs at the village level . Effectively replicating business model of mobile phones. </li></ul>
  46. 47. THE AADHAAR PLATFORM <ul><li>Micropayments </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Services </li></ul><ul><li>PDS </li></ul><ul><li>NREGA </li></ul><ul><li>KYC </li></ul><ul><li>Pensions </li></ul><ul><li>SSA </li></ul><ul><li>JSY </li></ul><ul><li>IAY </li></ul><ul><li>Oil PSUs </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship </li></ul>Kantibai Nigude, Tembhali, Maharashtra Empowered resident Applications Enablers Kiosk Cloud infra
  47. 48. Other Potential Application areas <ul><li>MNREGA – Beneficiary List, Attendance, Payments </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships, Pensions, JSY and other entitlements : identifications and payments </li></ul><ul><li>Child Tracking for Education, Health, mid-day meals </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile KYC – convenience and reduction of cost </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of various financial products for the poor – micro insurance </li></ul>
  48. 49. UID goals can be accelerated with Partners’ Active Participation + 4 years + ? years August 2009 Sept 2010
  49. 50. Challenges
  50. 51. Thank You