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Prof K R Srivathsan


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Presentation given by Prof K R Srivathsan, Pro Vice Chancellor, Indira Gandhi National Open University on July 13,2011 at WORLD EDUCATION SUMMIT ( in the Higher Education Track: OPEN UNIVERSITIES IN THE DIGITAL ERA (Special Session in association with Distance Education Council)

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Prof K R Srivathsan

  1. 1. Enabling Tech Enhanced Framework for Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Education - A Roadmap for Distance Education Council K.R. Srivathsan, Pro Vice-Chancellor, IGNOU World Education Summit 13 July 2011
  2. 2. “QUALITY EDUCATION TO ALL INDEPENDENT OF GEOGRAPHY” A recent observation by Bill Gates: “Five years from now on the web for free you’ll be able to find the best lectures in the world,” Gates said at the Techonomy conference in Lake Tahoe, CA today. “It will be better than any single university,” he continued. He believes that no matter how you came about your knowledge, you should get credit for it. It’s just too expensive and too hard to get these upper-level educations… “And soon place-based college educations will be five times less important than they are today.” Tech Enhanced Education Framework is both a necessity and inevitability.→ We Introduce the Vedyadhara Framework of IGNOU
  3. 3. Unified Tech Enhanced Education Framework?➢ We have 3 modes of education delivery.➢ The ODL mode – mostly centered on SLM, assignment(s) and TEE.➢ The Online mode that is supported by LMS.➢ Regular Classes Mode on campus or in Study Centres. This includes flexible hours education that DEC approves.➢ Presently these are weakly regulated bureaucratically by Councils and Commissions that are unable to address quality Q: Can we have a unified quality framework for all modes and assure learner centric choice of courses in different modes.➢ We delineate the Vedyadhara Open Learning Environment (VOLE) as unifying framework developed at IGNOU.
  4. 4. VOLE: As Community Driven Open e-Learning
  5. 5. VOLE: From ODL to Open Distributed Technology Enhanced Learning (ODTEL)Set Instructional objectives Evaluate against Instructional Objectives Final Marks, Grade 2. IGNOU + 1.Instruction Online/ Open Course J Exams Delivery Guide: Learning Self Test - Activities, Exercises + Teacher – Learner Involvement in all stages 6. Assessment 4. Feedback to learners ➔ The above model of course management is adaptable to all modes of learning situations → ODL, F2F, Online, or Tutored Video Instruction. ➔ We may imbed chosen pedagogy in specific courses.
  6. 6. Vedyadhara: Unified Framework1. Instruction delivered to students using a blend of delivery modes: (i) Conventional: Teacher taking the class uses rich content; (ii) Tutored Video Instruction using Recorded Video Lectures (RVL) (ii) IGNOU’s Self Learning Materials (SLM) and suppl. content. (iv) Interactive Web Portal and LMS supported Online Learning.2. Instruction Delivery to be followed by effective engagement of Learners in stipulated learning activities.3. For each mode, we develop Course Pedagogy & Management Plan, or CPMP. System is well suited for Affiliating Universities or Open Universities with distributed study centres. Will enhance quality in regular classes also.
  7. 7. Role of Open Course Guide & CPMP Calendar, Course Events, Alerts & M Gateway Systems CPMP over OCG Course and Learners Instruction Distributed Management Over Team Geography IGNOU’s SLM, Video, MM, e-Books Open Web Content, OER, Course Wiki, QMS, etc.R1: Development of Course Pedagogy and Management Plan [CPMP] that is published over the Open Course Guide.
  8. 8. Req.1: Sample Structure of CPMP➢ CPMP is best structured as a Table over the Open Course Guide (OCG) Wiki: Example for ODL. Week-1 Unit -1/B1 Linked SIM Links to Recommended Instructional Online Rich Activities & Resources Objectives Content Week-2 Unit-2/B1 Linked SIM TV & Radio Recommended Sessions Activities & Resources Contact Suggested Counselors Brief Topics for Guidance on Class-1 Topics & & Engagement Students achieving learning Wiki postings Discussions outcomes.Weeks 3, 4 .... Assignment – 1 ..... Conlusion of B-1,2& CC-2 .. & Deadline for Online posting of Evaluation challenges *** *** *** Week-12 Instructions Links to services *** Online discussions & On Exams. for Exams. Postings on TEE> Every Program to develop the CPMP for each of its courses.
  9. 9. Req. 2: Adoption of Course Maturity Rating [CMR] Rating CMR is based upon the effectiveness of the OCG in conducting the course. IOCG with course home page & open Wiki/ Discussion Forums. 1* + description of blocks, units & links to approved resources. 2* + Counseling Plan, Calendar of Course Events, Seminars (TV, Webinar) Self-Test monitoring. 3* + Assured engagement in at least 70% of modules + Concept Map, active learning support and learner feedback. 4* + Assured outcome assessed engagement in at least 70% of modules + individual/ group feedback.  With 3* and above, IGNOU may challenge good universities in quality
  10. 10. Assessment of CMR➢ CMR is based upon the effectiveness of the OCG in conducting the course by the approved community of Coordinators, counselors & assured support by Programme Studt Centres.➢ ASC to (i) Recommend the CMR system to Academic Council; (ii) Recommend the process of CMR Assessment by Course Experts and acceptance by School Board.➢ A draft document is seperately provided.➢ A Task Force of experienced ODL experts to be appointed and come up with draft procedures for formal CMR adoption.➢ CMR may also be provided for Online Learning and F2F Programmes.
  11. 11. Implementation of IGNOU’s VOLE Vedyadhara Wiki Main (Wiki) Portal IGNOU Programs Information. Navigate to Programs Open Program Guide (OPG): Program Related Information, Courses Surveys, Alerts, Program Events, Program BlogOpen Community Wiki, Sewa (IPS): Students’LMS, OERs, Learning, IGNOU Prashnottari Queries, Program & Discussion Forums, & Announcements, Navigate to Support Services Circulars, FAQs. Admin & Student OCG, IPS, Wiki & Services. Open Course Guide (OCG): Course Related Information; Access / links to Course Study Materials and rich content Course Pedagogy & Management Plan (CPMP) ; Navigate to Services
  12. 12. Establishing Vedyadhara as 4-Quadrants of Services 2. Program Admin: 1. Academic Back Every Program Database of Students, Office: Content Gen. and its Courses Regstrn., Evaluation, & Alignment, Curricula are provided for Progress Tracking, Review, Approvals, and managed Counselors, Evaluators, Minutes of Meetings ... through 4- etc. Quadrants of 3. VOLE Dynamic 4. Community Services. Support: for Networking: Learners, Study Augmentation, Peer to VOLE is a Unified Centres, Colleges, Peer Learning, Mass Education Teachers, RCs, etc. Media Programmes, Management Collaborations, ... System.VOLE and associated CMR of the courses may be used by anycollege or university - whether Open, Conventional, or Online.
  13. 13. IPS and Students Support Over Vedyadhara➢ IGNOU Prashnottari Sewa [IPS] is a useful Query – Response System and an integral part of VOLE.➢ Each Programme has a separate IPS that allows queries from students, counselors, anyone to be directed to (i) Programme Coordinator or Office; (ii) Students Support Services, (iii) or designated target office for a response.➔ Each Programme should have one designated person to respond to the queries received.➔ IPS enables distribution and decentralization of Students Support Services to each programme.➔ With VOLE and IPS support, each programme becomes a virtual institution.
  14. 14. Vedyadhara: Layered Model of e-Learning Over Education Grid Education Grid Gateway Services Access Systems University / Resources Management Study Schools Colleges Centres * * Tier–5: Instruction, Practice, Evaluation Management Experts, (Colleges, Study Centers) Mentors D N A Tier-4: Content Alignment & Capacity Building (AU) E T T A Tier–3: Content/Web Resources (IGNOU, NPTEL, …) Academic W C Management O E N Tier-2: Systems, Applications (Over Clouds and Internet) R K T E R Tier-1: ICT Infrastructure (RailTel, TelCos, STPI, NKN) D E S Vedyadhara anchors the missing Tier-4
  15. 15. Vedyadhara: Community Driven e-Learning TV, Comm. Radio, Telecon,Webinar, Mobile… Program & Counselors, Courses Srtudents, Coordinators Passive Learners Vedyadhara Suite of Colleges, OPG, OCG, & Communities Learners University V- Community Wiki, Learning OLE IPS, LMS & Blog Services Education and Dynamic Info., IPS,Capacity Building Alerts, MM Postings Programs Advanced Technology, Information & Learning Services (ATILS)
  16. 16. V-OLE Over Education Grid assures Quality and Scaling Up for Inclusion and Enhanced GER  2 SMEs may manage 100 Study Centres. 2. Course Course ManagementCoordinator, Cycles Subject 4. Colleges Matter & Study Experts Centres (SME) Course Design Cycles Students &1.SLMs,RVLs, 3. V-OLE Open teachersMM Content, Course Guide 24X7 access Open Web (IOCG)
  17. 17. Open Course Guide (OCG): Exploit Convergencefor Quality Learning Engagements Course em g Exercises t ag nin en r M Lea Self Study / Discovery Course Map TV & an & Library Webinars QMS & LMS SLM, Web Web Mentoring Content OCG Discussion Personal Forums Dash Board E-Mail & Alerts Web SMS Alerts Resources M-Learn Group Interactions/ P2P Learning
  18. 18. Present IGNOU VOLE Services IGNOU Regional IGNOU Open Web Content, Services Program & Courses NPTEL, OCW, OER, Coordinators … IGNOU Prashnottari Open Program Guide Program Blog Sewa (IPS) To OCGs of Various Courses Moodle Open Course Course Wiki & LMS Guide (OCG) Discussions Coordination with and services to Study Centres, Counselors & Students Effective Blend of Social Networking, Personalized Support, LMS with Mass Media/Multicast reach to learners everywhere
  19. 19. V-OLE from the Learners and Community Perspective Online Library, Open Publishing al , Teachers & Fo b Students in the Co rm l o EL . G T c ur a n NP Et Colleges, se l pe t, W. Passive s O n C te O Learners, Web on IT C M Mentors, ... Education V-OLE Course Grid Systems Program Manageme Each Affiliating U & ETS Portal ni nt Groups University may v establish Course In er st sit Portals based upon es it ie Community & c ut s NPTEL and other b ur e o io & W es ns open/local content Students Subject R Course Portals may be built and managed over time.
  20. 20. VOLE, Convergence for Quality Inclusive Education Community Radio 2 4 Learners Anywhere IGNOU, 1 3 NPTEL, 5 6 Universities CSCs / Kiosks for TV B Internet Accessed A Services Other V-OLE IP-TVPrograms Services Internet Portals 7 ((( Access C Industry R&D, Call E D Phone Etc. Centre 8 Low Cost Access 9 Devices
  21. 21. DECs Enabling Role – a Roadmap➢ Orienting all DEC approved programmes to develop and post the Open Programme Guide, Open Course Guide with its Course Pedagogy and Management Plan for each of its courses.➢ Build an assessment system for CMR.➢ DEC should promote mapping of credits to stipulated activities in the CPMP published openly in the OCG.➢ Each OCG with its CPMP assessed for its CMR.➢ Every programme that assures CMR of at least 3* should be taken as accredited with recommendation for cross credits with courses of IGNOU and others, including those of extension education.➢ DEC may encourage Education Passbooks for every aspiring student to help build complete, assured and accredited multi-institutional collaborative programmes.➢ A strong ICT enabled DEC will serve as a national collaborative education platform that strengthens all distance, or better, networked programmes in the country.
  22. 22. Recommendations for Approvals1. ATILS to be formally constituted as core ICT Services Unit of IGNOU. It should have a minimum of 10 Professional Staff hired against posts to be notified and approved under ACIIL.2. Working Group to be constituted to draft the CPMP and CMR system. This is to include the process of their approval by the School Board and integration into the Phase Forms of the P&DD.3. Establishing the Programmes Databases Management Unit as part of or along with the ATILS.4. Directives to all large ODL Programme Coordinators to set up the OPG and OCG for their programmes.5. Dedicated Cloud Servers for VOLE and Databases. Deadline? VCs approval for ATILS to be obtained by July end. Relevant decisions to be tabled in the next AC meeting.
  23. 23. IN SUMMARY With V-OLE, it is possible to provide ‘Quality Education to All, Independent of Geography’.Recall Swami Vivekananda? “If the poor cannot come to education, education must reach them, at the plough, in the factory, everywhere.” We can make this happen through Vedyadhara and Thematic Community Enterprises. For relevant papers, visit  ODTEL Publications
  24. 24. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSFirst to IIITM-K for the years spent experimentingwith diverse systems of eLearning, the Education Grid, KISSAN-Kerala and others.Second to all colleagues at Trivandrum, specifically Shri R.Narayanan of TCS, Dr. Venkatesh, Shri Radhakrishnan, Shri Ajith Kumar, Shri Pradeep Kumar, Dr. Dinesh, Shri Arvind Mohan, Shri David Mathews, and several others. Third to Vice Chancellor, Board of IGNOU and now Shri Sukant Kole, Ms. Divya Raj, Shri Rejith. R, Dr. K.Subramanian, the ACIIL team, Prof. P. Tripathi, Dr. Pankaj Khare and others for supporting the ongoing initiatives.