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Dr Kuldeep Agarwal,


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Presentation given by Dr Kuldeep Agarwal, Director (Academics), National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) on July 15,2011 at WORLD EDUCATION SUMMIT ( in the School Education Track: FROM CONVENTIONAL ASSESSMENT PRACTICES TO CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION (CCE): A REVIEW OF BEST PRACTICES

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Dr Kuldeep Agarwal,

  1. 1. From Conventional Assessment Practices to Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE): A Review of Best Practices Dr. Kuldeep Agarwal Director (Academic) National Institute of Open Schooling (an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India)
  2. 2. Ultimate/Real Aim of Education <ul><li>All round Balanced Development of Personality (Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social, Moral, Spiritual) – Holistic Health </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Autonomy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conventional Assessment Practices <ul><li>Stress on Summative Assessment, Formative Assessment more or less missing </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment not for learning but for pass/fail </li></ul><ul><li>Product important, not process </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment as an end in itself (not a tool for diagnosis/remediation/enrichment </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted to cognitive domain </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on knowledge, not on higher order outcomes/objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Stressful, not learner friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Aim at finding what the learner does not know, not what he/she knows </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted largely to Written Test/Answering Questions (not asking) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Continuous Evaluation <ul><li>Process more important than Product </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment not relying on one Summative Test/Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation a part of learning - Formative </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic for remediation/enrichment </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of Tools/Methods: observation, written, oral, Project, Group/Pair work </li></ul>
  5. 5. Comprehensive Evaluation <ul><li>Stress not merely on cognitive domain </li></ul><ul><li>Non-scholastic/co-scholastic aspects also important </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt at identifying and recognizing/rewarding individual talent/ability in diverse fields </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examination Reform in Haryana <ul><li>Semester System (Classes 6 th to 12th) </li></ul><ul><li>Relative Grading </li></ul><ul><li>CCE </li></ul><ul><li>Re-Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>The word ‘Fail’ removed </li></ul>
  7. 7. CCE (School Based Evaluation): Subject-wise <ul><li>20% weightage in Secondary/Senior Secondary and 30% in Middle in every subject </li></ul><ul><li>4 components: </li></ul><ul><li>2 unit tests (10 marks each) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Based Learning (30 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>Attendance (5 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in teaching-learning </li></ul><ul><li>process (5 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>60 marks to be converted proportionately to 20/30 </li></ul>
  8. 8. ATTENDANCE <ul><li>No marks for less than 75 % attendance (minimum required for appearing in exam) </li></ul><ul><li>1 mark for 75-80 % </li></ul><ul><li>2 marks for 81-85% </li></ul><ul><li>3 marks for 86-90 % </li></ul><ul><li>4 marks for 91-95 % </li></ul><ul><li>5 marks for 96-100% </li></ul>
  9. 9. PARTICIPATION IN TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS <ul><li>Teacher to assess </li></ul><ul><li>Attentiveness in class </li></ul><ul><li>Class work </li></ul><ul><li>Home Work </li></ul><ul><li>Other Assignments </li></ul>
  10. 10. CCE: Co-curricular Activities <ul><li>Encourage participation in co-curricular activities </li></ul><ul><li>2 categories: </li></ul><ul><li>i) Sports & Games, NCC, NSS, Scouts </li></ul><ul><li>& Guides </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Artistic, Cultural, Literary & </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Activities </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that every child participates in at least 1 of each category </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in competitions/tournaments organized by Departments of Education & Sports </li></ul>
  11. 11. CREDIT FOR EXCELLENCE IN CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Up to 2% enhancement in GPA & Aggregate Marks </li></ul><ul><li>0.5 % for participation at Zonal/Block level </li></ul><ul><li>1% for 1 st, 2nd or 3rd position at zonal/block level or participation at District level </li></ul><ul><li>1.5% for 1 st, 2nd or 3rd position at district level or participation at State level </li></ul><ul><li>2% for 1 st, 2nd or 3rd position at State level or participation at national/international level </li></ul>
  12. 12. NIOS Model of Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation <ul><li>Intext Questions/Terminal Exercises in every Unit/Lesson of study Materials for self-evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Tutor Marked Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Two public examinations in a year </li></ul><ul><li>On Demand Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Life Skills being incorporated/integrated into the curriculum & Study Materials of all subjects for comprehensive approach </li></ul>
  13. 13. THANK YOU