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Ashank Desai

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Presentation given by Ashank Desai, Chairman, Mastek on August 2nd, 2011 at eWorld Forum (www.eworldforum.net) in the session Unique Identification Number (UID)

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Ashank Desai

  1. 1. Ashank DesaiFounder, MastekeWorld Forum 20112nd August, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Key challenge facing UID <br />Core benefits of UID<br />Envisaged benefits of UID<br />KYR + <br />Biometrics<br />1:N De-Duplication<br />N = 1.2 Billion<br />Tracking Benefits,<br />Single source of beneficiary view<br />Establish Identity<br />Establish Uniqueness<br />Manage Benefits provided to Beneficiaries<br />Key Challenge<br />Quality of Data<br />
  3. 3. Challenges facing ‘Establishing Identity’<br /><ul><li>Nation-wide HETEROGENOUS Identity Management
  4. 4. Population of more than 1 Billion & other entities (approximately 5 million)
  5. 5. Multiple Agencies Stakeholders/ Entities
  6. 6. >35 Languages
  7. 7. >150 Dialects
  8. 8. Fieldwork spread over the entire country
  9. 9. Area in Sq. Kms: 3,166,414
  10. 10. Districts: 593, Sub-Districts: 5,470, Towns: 5,161, Villages: 638,588
  11. 11. High Complexity</li></li></ul><li>Challenges facing ‘Establishing Uniqueness’<br /><ul><li>Nation-wide Biometric De-Duplication
  12. 12. De-duplication of the magnitude required by the UIDAI has never been implemented in the world
  13. 13. Challenges to accuracy:
  14. 14. In the global context, a de-duplication accuracy of 99% has been achieved so far, using good quality fingerprints against a database of up to fifty million
  15. 15. Retaining efficacy while scaling the database size from fifty million to a billion has not been adequately analyzed.
  16. 16. Fingerprint quality, the most important variable for determining de-duplication accuracy, has not been studied in depth in the Indian context.</li></li></ul><li>Challenges facing ‘Managing Benefits’<br /><ul><li>Readiness of the Benefits Domain
  17. 17. Slow paced progress of automation in social welfare domains such as PDS, Social Justice, Women and Child, Tribal – mismatches with the pace of UID enrollment.
  18. 18. Benefits Tracking
  19. 19. Some schemes confer benefits since birth, for e.g. a child up to six years is allowed 1 unit of kerosene under a ration card scheme. UID is captured at the age of 14.
  20. 20. Biometric consistency across the life stages – scholarship for student, loan for entrepreneur and pension for the old – UID to track it all.
  21. 21. Different TYPES of beneficiaries
  22. 22. UID is referred and primarily to an individual; beneficiaries can be households, groups, institutions. Especially under the Women and Child department beneficiaries are Ashram schools.</li></li></ul><li>Proposed Solution<br />Bottom-up Approach<br /><ul><li>The Social Welfare domains will first need to bring all the beneficiaries within their ambit irrespective of the UID.
  23. 23. Social Welfare department renders 150+ schemes through various corporations and other departments – student gets post-matricscholarship and also scholarship under AamAadmiBimaYojana; to create a single view of the beneficiary.</li></li></ul><li>Proposed Solution<br />Multi-pronged Implementation Methodology<br /><ul><li>100% automation to be achieved through concurrent approach of ‘UID integrated’ and ‘UID independent’
  24. 24. Roll out Ration card management system with and without UID.
  25. 25. UID integration to be perceived as a ‘plug in’ to the benefit distribution framework.</li></li></ul><li>Proposed Solution<br />Beyond SDLC<br /><ul><li>Solution providers need to know all that is needed to make UID mapping to benefits successful, is beyond ‘SDLC’ –
  26. 26. Effective awareness programs. Using schools as a medium to educate the children and through them their parents.
  27. 27. Handholding at the grass root level. Especially in NREGA programs handholding at work site is paramount
  28. 28. Empathize with differently abled. For e.g. usage of screen readers to fill the PHC (Physically Handicapped Certificate) application on-line.
  29. 29. Training to staff is a continuousactivity; CBT a preferred option to classroom training.</li></li></ul><li>Other UID related challenges<br /><ul><li>Demographic changes to the UID data – who takes the ownership of synchronizing the changes with the various benefit domains data?
  30. 30. In case of realizing a threat to the UID data – who triggers the damage control?</li></li></ul><li>Thank You<br />

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