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Urban Resilience to severe storms.
                            An Italian case-history of local
                        co...
Varazze


     Where              !
                            Tyrrhenian Liguria
                                14.000
...
Hydrogeological


                                                  !      !

                        HAZARD ANALYSIS
    ...
What happened

                         Varazze 4/10/2010
                        storm with a peak rate
                 ...
What happened

                         Varazze 4/10/2010
                        storm with a peak rate
                 ...
?
Questions
  Did the alert and warning systems worked well?

  Was Local Civil Protection responsive?

  Did the populati...
04/10/2010                                 The Story Telling
                        The Municipality of Varazze is hit by...
03/10/2010 | the day before   The Story Telling




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
03/10/2010 | the day before            The Story Telling



                                 Turin
                       ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                             The Story Telling



                                    Turin
   ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                             The Story Telling



                                    Turin
   ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                                                      The Story Telling



                    ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                                                      The Story Telling



                    ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                                                         The Story Telling



                 ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                                                         The Story Telling



                 ...
03/10/2010 | the day before                                                           The Story Telling



               ...
10/04/2010 | the event day   The Story Telling




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
The Story Telling
 The event effects




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
05/10/2010 |Official Data   The Story Telling




                        !                 !




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
Q&A
 Did the alert and warning
 systems worked well?

  Was Local Civil Protection
  responsive?

  Did the population cop...
Q&A
    To what extent web 2.0 tools and approaches
    could have been helpful to inform the population
    and to increa...
Web 2.0 | the perspective                   SHARED TRACKING
                                             School busses and...
Web 2.0 |live




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
Web 2.0 | the weak point




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
Web 2.0 | the weak point

                            DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB
                            SERVER




vene...
Web 2.0 | the weak point

                            DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB
                            SERVER




    ...
Conclusions
venerdì 8 aprile 2011
The 2.0 Actors


           Institutions       Communications                  Volunteers


                              ...
2.0 Information Tips


                                  Communications

                 geolocazion                     ...
Actions

                         Collecting     Communicating
          Remote                                          D...
The 2.0 Tools




venerdì 8 aprile 2011
Web 2.0 | blog.salaoperativaprociv.org

                         Civil Protection Intermunicipality Plan
                 ...
SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks

                                   Strength                           Weakness
       Opportuniti...
SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks

                                   Strength                           Weakness

                 ...
SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks

                                   Strength                           Weakness

                 ...
SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks

                                   Strength                            Weakness

                ...
SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks

                                   Strength                             Weakness

               ...
Are We Ready?



venerdì 8 aprile 2011
Università di Torino
                Doctoral School in Strategic Sciences



                        Massimo Lanfranco   ...
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Urban Resilience - EGU 2011 Presentation

Urban Resilience to severe storms.
An Italian case-history of local community response to natural disasters.

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Urban Resilience - EGU 2011 Presentation

  1. 1. Urban Resilience to severe storms. An Italian case-history of local community response to natural disasters. Università di Torino Doctoral School in Strategic Sciences venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  2. 2. Varazze Where ! Tyrrhenian Liguria 14.000 47 inhabitants km2 Social Framework Strong family ties wide neighbourhood relationships, civil protection bodies, volunteer groups. Risks Scenario complex orography, storms, heavy rainfall (orographic lift), debris floods and flash floods. venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  3. 3. Hydrogeological ! ! HAZARD ANALYSIS Torrente Teiro - Rio Arzocco Maps Q50 flood Q200 flood Q500 flood venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  4. 4. What happened Varazze 4/10/2010 storm with a peak rate 35 mm/10min 177.4 mm/h 300 mm of rainfall in 6h floods landslides venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  5. 5. What happened Varazze 4/10/2010 storm with a peak rate 35 mm/10min 177.4 mm/h 300 mm of rainfall in 6h floods landslides venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  6. 6. ? Questions Did the alert and warning systems worked well? Was Local Civil Protection responsive? Did the population cope with the event? To what extent web 2.0 tools and approaches could have been helpful to inform the population and to increase situational awareness of the rescue teams? venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  7. 7. 04/10/2010 The Story Telling The Municipality of Varazze is hit by an extraordinarily heavy rainfall. venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  8. 8. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  9. 9. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  10. 10. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  11. 11. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  12. 12. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  13. 13. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  14. 14. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the basic level on a scale of 3. venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  15. 15. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the basic level on a scale of 3. venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  16. 16. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the Media: Local and light rains, the alert basic level on a scale of 3. until 04/10/2010 12 pm venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  17. 17. 10/04/2010 | the event day The Story Telling venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  18. 18. The Story Telling The event effects venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  19. 19. 05/10/2010 |Official Data The Story Telling ! ! venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  20. 20. Q&A Did the alert and warning systems worked well? Was Local Civil Protection responsive? Did the population cope with the event? venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  21. 21. Q&A To what extent web 2.0 tools and approaches could have been helpful to inform the population and to increase situational awareness of the rescue teams? In Japan after the earthquake and tsunami, crowd-sourced maps have helped give local relief workers a clearer picture of the situation on the ground as they set priorities for food, shelter and sanitation services. Online Mapping Shows Potential to Transform Relief Efforts By STEVE LOHR, NYTimes venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  22. 22. Web 2.0 | the perspective SHARED TRACKING School busses and children SEND ALERTS AND COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES CITIZENS AS SENSORS geolocated alerts and reports from the population; citizens, public administrators, emergency managers can better monitor and share information on the overall situation venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  23. 23. Web 2.0 |live venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  24. 24. Web 2.0 | the weak point venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  25. 25. Web 2.0 | the weak point DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB SERVER venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  26. 26. Web 2.0 | the weak point DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB SERVER ONLY 1H HOUR OF INTERRUPTION venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  27. 27. Conclusions venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  28. 28. The 2.0 Actors Institutions Communications Volunteers ss Ma ne na d are emg ep Risk en Pr t Relief Media Citizens venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  29. 29. 2.0 Information Tips Communications geolocazion crowdsourcing ss Ma ne na d are emg ep Risk en Pr t Relief tag & taxonomy data format venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  30. 30. Actions Collecting Communicating Remote Decision information with the Talk monitoring making from the field population Send two ways Share SMS to wide Geolocate Training information, Planning groups of information files, images people Tracking Collaboration operators, Update in real Broadcasting in Documents Informing volunteers time video - audio editing teams venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  31. 31. The 2.0 Tools venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  32. 32. Web 2.0 | blog.salaoperativaprociv.org Civil Protection Intermunicipality Plan Geolocated data, shared and published [embed] Downloadable maps Meteo Alerts Information, News and Feeds Knowledge sharing to allow other to implement the same tools Crowdsourcing Map to send and receive alerts iGoogle for the municipalities civil protection centres and Volunteers geo tracking [google latitude] google talk google documents for collaborative work venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  33. 33. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Opportunities Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledge venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  34. 34. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties Opportunities Global Social Networks Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Web 2.0 Community Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledge venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  35. 35. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledge venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  36. 36. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Lack of common approaches Web Standards Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledge Reliable Sources Participation and Collaboration venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  37. 37. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Lack of common approaches Low Web litteracy Web Standards Past Dependencies Threads Elites Knowledge Low Collaboration Sharing Knowledge Slow pace of change Reliable Sources Low Budget Participation and Collaboration Lack of Continuance venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  38. 38. Are We Ready? venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  39. 39. Università di Torino Doctoral School in Strategic Sciences Massimo Lanfranco Elena Rapisardi massimo.lanfranco@unito.it e.rapisardi@gmail.com venerdì 8 aprile 2011
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Urban Resilience to severe storms. An Italian case-history of local community response to natural disasters.

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