Urban Resilience - EGU 2011 Presentation

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Urban Resilience to severe storms.
An Italian case-history of local community response to natural disasters.

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  • Thank you Kitty!
    Hope our work could be one of the several steps to build a common and shared practice in emergency management. As you told me some times ago we «keep moving forward».
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  • Massimo and Elena, this is an amazingly rich contribution to global emergency management. Kudos!
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Urban Resilience - EGU 2011 Presentation

  1. 1. Urban Resilience to severe storms. An Italian case-history of local community response to natural disasters. Università di Torino Doctoral School in Strategic Sciencesvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  2. 2. Varazze Where ! Tyrrhenian Liguria 14.000 47 inhabitants km2 Social Framework Strong family ties wide neighbourhood relationships, civil protection bodies, volunteer groups. Risks Scenario complex orography, storms, heavy rainfall (orographic lift), debris floods and flash floods.venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  3. 3. Hydrogeological ! ! HAZARD ANALYSIS Torrente Teiro - Rio Arzocco Maps Q50 flood Q200 flood Q500 floodvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  4. 4. What happened Varazze 4/10/2010 storm with a peak rate 35 mm/10min 177.4 mm/h 300 mm of rainfall in 6h floods landslidesvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  5. 5. What happened Varazze 4/10/2010 storm with a peak rate 35 mm/10min 177.4 mm/h 300 mm of rainfall in 6h floods landslidesvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  6. 6. ?Questions Did the alert and warning systems worked well? Was Local Civil Protection responsive? Did the population cope with the event? To what extent web 2.0 tools and approaches could have been helpful to inform the population and to increase situational awareness of the rescue teams?venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  7. 7. 04/10/2010 The Story Telling The Municipality of Varazze is hit by an extraordinarily heavy rainfall.venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  8. 8. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Tellingvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  9. 9. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazzevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  10. 10. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.»venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  11. 11. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.»venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  12. 12. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.»venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  13. 13. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.»venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  14. 14. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the basic level on a scale of 3.venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  15. 15. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the basic level on a scale of 3.venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  16. 16. 03/10/2010 | the day before The Story Telling Turin 150 km Varazze «Tomorrow I will have a meeting in Turin. «Not too bad. Just 30mm in 12 hrs. The ! Let’s have a look at the weather forecast.» usual grey and rainy day.» Civil Protection alert is low (alert 1), the Media: Local and light rains, the alert basic level on a scale of 3. until 04/10/2010 12 pmvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  17. 17. 10/04/2010 | the event day The Story Tellingvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  18. 18. The Story Telling The event effectsvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  19. 19. 05/10/2010 |Official Data The Story Telling ! !venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  20. 20. Q&A Did the alert and warning systems worked well? Was Local Civil Protection responsive? Did the population cope with the event?venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  21. 21. Q&A To what extent web 2.0 tools and approaches could have been helpful to inform the population and to increase situational awareness of the rescue teams? In Japan after the earthquake and tsunami, crowd-sourced maps have helped give local relief workers a clearer picture of the situation on the ground as they set priorities for food, shelter and sanitation services. Online Mapping Shows Potential to Transform Relief Efforts By STEVE LOHR, NYTimesvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  22. 22. Web 2.0 | the perspective SHARED TRACKING School busses and children SEND ALERTS AND COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES CITIZENS AS SENSORS geolocated alerts and reports from the population; citizens, public administrators, emergency managers can better monitor and share information on the overall situationvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  23. 23. Web 2.0 |livevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  24. 24. Web 2.0 | the weak pointvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  25. 25. Web 2.0 | the weak point DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB SERVERvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  26. 26. Web 2.0 | the weak point DATA ARE STORED IN A WEB SERVER ONLY 1H HOUR OF INTERRUPTIONvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  27. 27. Conclusionsvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  28. 28. The 2.0 Actors Institutions Communications Volunteers ss Ma ne na d are emg ep Risk en Pr t Relief Media Citizensvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  29. 29. 2.0 Information Tips Communications geolocazion crowdsourcing ss Ma ne na d are emg ep Risk en Pr t Relief tag & taxonomy data formatvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  30. 30. Actions Collecting Communicating Remote Decision information with the Talk monitoring making from the field population Send two ways Share SMS to wide Geolocate Training information, Planning groups of information files, images people Tracking Collaboration operators, Update in real Broadcasting in Documents Informing volunteers time video - audio editing teamsvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  31. 31. The 2.0 Toolsvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  32. 32. Web 2.0 | blog.salaoperativaprociv.org Civil Protection Intermunicipality Plan Geolocated data, shared and published [embed] Downloadable maps Meteo Alerts Information, News and Feeds Knowledge sharing to allow other to implement the same tools Crowdsourcing Map to send and receive alerts iGoogle for the municipalities civil protection centres and Volunteers geo tracking [google latitude] google talk google documents for collaborative workvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  33. 33. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Opportunities Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledgevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  34. 34. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties Opportunities Global Social Networks Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Web 2.0 Community Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledgevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  35. 35. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledgevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  36. 36. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Lack of common approaches Web Standards Threads Elites Knowledge Sharing Knowledge Reliable Sources Participation and Collaborationvenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  37. 37. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakness Local Social Ties «Web Divide» Opportunities Global Social Networks Common Approach Emotional Participation Scientific Knowledge Proactive Collaboration Distributed Knowldege Volunteers Commitment Low Budget Web 2.0 Community Free web 2.0 platforms Lack of common approaches Low Web litteracy Web Standards Past Dependencies Threads Elites Knowledge Low Collaboration Sharing Knowledge Slow pace of change Reliable Sources Low Budget Participation and Collaboration Lack of Continuancevenerdì 8 aprile 2011
  38. 38. Are We Ready?venerdì 8 aprile 2011
  39. 39. Università di Torino Doctoral School in Strategic Sciences Massimo Lanfranco Elena Rapisardi massimo.lanfranco@unito.it e.rapisardi@gmail.comvenerdì 8 aprile 2011

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