Indonesia

4,516 views

Published on

Presented by Maritje Hutapea, Directorate General of Electricity and Energy Utilization

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,516
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
77
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
301
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Indonesia

    1. 1. GENERATING DIALOGUE CLEAN ENERGY, GOOD GOVERNANCE AND REGULATION by Maritje Hutapea Directorate General for Electricity and Energy Utilization Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Singapore, 17-18 March 2008
    2. 2. Indonesian Current Energy Condition
    3. 3. Growth of Primary Energy 1970 Oil : 88% Gas : 6% Coal : 1% Hydro : 5% Geothr : 0%  Average Growth of Primary Energy 1970-2006 = 7%/year Source: DGEEU, 2005 2006 Oil : 46,9% Gas : 21,8% Coal : 23,5% Hydro : 2,4% Geothr : 5,5%
    4. 4. Renewable Energy Potential (2006) *) 2007 TYPE OF ENERGY RESOURCES POTENTIAL UTILIZATION INSTALLED CAPACITY Large Hydro 845 million BOE 75,67 GW 6.851 GWh 4.200 MW Geothermal 219 million BOE 27 GW 2.593,5 GWh 807 MW Mini/Micro-hydro 500 MW 500 MW 207 MW Biomass 49,81 GW 445 MW Solar 4,80 kWh/m 2 /day 1 2 MW *) Wind 3-6 m/second 1 MW *) Uranium (Nuclear) 24.112 Tonne e.q. 3 GW for 11 years
    5. 5. Final Energy Consumption 2006 (Industrial Sector is the biggest final energy consumer) Sectoral Final Energy Consumer 2006 Transportation 38% Industry 40,6% Household & Commercial 21,4% Source: Statistic DGEEU 2006 Sector Final Energy Consumption (Thousand BOE) Industry 213.692 Transportation 199.613 Household& Commercial 112.837 Total 526.142
    6. 6. Rural Electrification Ratio (2006) 97,91% Indonesia With electricity : 54.136 desa (79,46%) Without electricity : 13.995 desa (20,5%) Electrified 69,33% Java Outside Java
    7. 7. Electrification Ratio 2006 : 59% Electrification Ratio Customer: 33,1 million household
    8. 8. Share of Electricity Production by Type of Energy (2006)
    9. 9. CURRENT ENERGI MIX (1 million BOE) National (Primary) Energy Mix OPTIMIZING ENERGY MANAGEMENT National (Primary) Energy Mix of 2025 (BaU Scenario) (5 million BOE) National Energy Mix 2025 (3 million BOE) (Presidential Decree No. 5/2006) NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY (PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 5 YEAR 2006) Target in 2025 1. Less than 1 for energy elasticity 2. Optimized primary energy mix Natural Gas, 28.57% Coal, 15.34% Oil 51.66% Geothermal, 1.32% Hydro Power, 3.11% Coal , 33% Gas, 30% Oil, 20% BIOFUELS, 5% Geothermal, 5% Biomass, Nuclear, Hydro Solar Energy, Wind Power, 5% Coal Liquefaction 2% RE,17% Gas, 20.6% Coal 34.6% Oil, 41.7% Geothermal, 1.1% Mini/micro Hydro Power Plant, 0.1% Power Plant, 1.9%
    10. 10. Renewable Energy Development
    11. 11. TARGET OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IMPLEMENTATION <ul><li>Short-term : </li></ul><ul><li>Small scale for fulfilling rural basic energy needs </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term : </li></ul><ul><li>To substitute fossil energy in achieving energy sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>In the year 2025 : </li></ul><ul><li>At least 15% of the energy mix should be based on renewable energy (Based on National Energy Policy) </li></ul>
    12. 12. NEW RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (Based on the Blueprint of National Energy Management) Jenis Energi Unit 2010 2015 2020 2025 Bio-diesel Kilo liter 1.160.000 3.000.000 11.800.000 4.160.000 Bio-ethanol Barel per hari 42.860 48.110 55.340 60.320 Bio oil Kilo liter 244.000 257.000 627.000 4.863.000 Biomassa : Waste MW 30 60 120 200 Geothermal MW 1.320 4.340 5.090 5.270 Wind Power MW 10 40 80 160 Solar Energy MW 80 100 120 580 Microhydro MW 450 740 950 950
    13. 13. RENEWABLE ENERGY UTILIZATIONS <ul><li>Electrification </li></ul><ul><li>Water Pumping </li></ul><ul><li>Battery Charging </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Health Center Refrigerator </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Cooker </li></ul><ul><li>Water Heater </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/Fishery Product Drying </li></ul><ul><li>Water Distillation </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel for Transportation </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Replacing diesel power plant by using local energy sources: micro hydro, solar PV, wind, biomass (stand alone/or hybrid system) </li></ul><ul><li>Government and regional government provide budget for rural electrification  rural consumers are obliged to pay monthly payment depends on local conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing local institution in operation and maintenance of the asset. </li></ul>☼ Rural Electrification Program
    15. 15. ☼ Rural Electrification Development <ul><li>Development of isolated system in remote areas with the utilization of local energy resources, such as micro hydro, wind, solar PV, etc., through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid system: Diesel-Solar PV, Micro hydro-Solar PV, Wind-Solar PV. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Existing Renewable Energy Installed Capacity for Rural Electrification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar PV : 12 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro hydro : 207 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind : 1 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass : 150 kW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Target to be achieved in 2025  Rural Electrification 95% </li></ul>
    16. 16. ☼ Rural Electrification Project in 2007 No Type of Energy Location Units Installed Capacity 1 Solar 2146 kW a. Solar Home System 29 Provinces 40,888 x 50 Wp b. Solar Power Plant <ul><li>Riau, West Java, Central Java & East Java </li></ul>4x18 kWp <ul><li>Bali </li></ul>1x32 kWp 2 Mini/Micro-Hydro - West Java 1x30 kW & 1x37 kW 1171 kW - Banten 1x40 kW - Central Java 1x30 kW, 1x50 kW & 2x15 kW West Sumatera 1x52 kW Central Sulawesi (interconnected) 1x890 kW 3 Wind - North Sulawesi 2x80 kW 480 kW - Bali 4x80 kW Total 3797 kW
    17. 17. ☼ Rural Electrification Project in 2008 <ul><li>Located in 29 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Consist of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>solar energy : SHS ( ± 35,000 units @ 50 Wp) and centralized solar PP (4 units @10 kW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mini/micro-hydro (capacity: 20 – 500 kW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wind energy (± 150 units @ 50 Wp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid: wind-diesel and solar-diesel </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. TARGET SSEV (Cumulative) ☼ Self-sufficient Energy Village (SSEV) Program <ul><li>SSEV is a village having capability to produce a part/whole their energy demand for consumptive and productive use. </li></ul><ul><li>CRITERIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of locally available energy (renewable energy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of productive activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job creation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROGRAM: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of locally available energy resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of productive activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of applicable technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of institution and people participatory </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. TARGET SSEV (Cumulative) ☼ Self-sufficient Energy Village Type SELF-SUFFICIENT ENERGY VILLAGE <ul><li>NON BIOFUEL-BASED </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Turbine </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Biogas </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>BIOFUEL-BASED </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha Curcas </li></ul><ul><li>Coconut </li></ul><ul><li>Palm </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar Cane </li></ul>
    20. 20. TARGET SSEV (Cumulative) ☼ Target of SSEV Implementation Program 2007 2008 2009 Biofuel-based SSEV 100 500 1000 Non-biofuel-based SSEV 100 500 1000
    21. 21. Barrier & Strategy in Developing Renewable Energy
    22. 22. BARRIERS TO RENEWABLE ENERGY D EVELOPMENT <ul><li>High investment cost  high production cost </li></ul><ul><li> renewable energy cannot compete conventional energy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of incentive and funding mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge, awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of domestic industry’s capability to produce renewable energy technology </li></ul>
    23. 23. Law & Regulation
    24. 24. POLICIES AND REGULATIONS <ul><li>Energy Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Law No. 30/2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geothermal Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Law No. 27/2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green Energy Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Ministerial Decree: No. 0002/2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supply and Utilization of Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Presidential Instruction No. 1/2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulation on Electricity Supply and Utilization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Government Regulation No. 03/2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small Distributed Power Generation using Renewable Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Ministerial Decree: No. 1122 K/30/MEM/2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium Scale Power Generation Using Renewable Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Ministerial Regulation No. 002/2006) </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>Issued in 2007 that pay attention on renewable energy development and regulates such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government and local government should increased the utilization of renewable energy; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government and local government should provide incentives for renewable energy developers for certain period of time. </li></ul></ul>Energy Law (Law No. 30/2007)
    26. 26. Geothermal Law (Law No. 27/2003) <ul><li>To regulate the management and development of geothermal energy sources for direct and indirect utilization </li></ul>
    27. 27. Green Energy Policy (Ministerial Decree: No. 0002/2004) <ul><li>Renewable Energy and Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Development Policy: </li></ul><ul><li>Green Energy Policy : </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing the maximum utilization of renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient utilization of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Public awareness in energy efficiency </li></ul>
    28. 28. Presidential Instruction on Biofuel Development (Presidential Instruction No. 1/2006) <ul><li>Objective: Accelerating biofuel utilization for fossil (especially oil) substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions to 13 Ministers, Governors and Mayors to take necessary initiatives and actions for biofuel development from supply (feedstock) side until consumption/commercialization side </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated by Coordinator Minister of Economic </li></ul>
    29. 29. Regulation on Electricity Supply and Utilization (Government Regulation No. 03/2005) <ul><li>Regulating the supply and utilization of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritizing utilizing renewable energy for power generation </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy for Power Generation without bidding process </li></ul>
    30. 30. Small Distributed Power Generation using Renewable Energy (Ministerial Decree: No. 1122 K/30/MEM/2002) <ul><li>Developer : Small Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity : < 1 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Price by Utility : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% x Utility’s Production Cost, if connected to the low voltage grid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% x Utility’s Production Cost, if connected to the medium voltage grid </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Medium Scale Power Generation using Renewable Energy (Ministerial Regulation : No. 002/2006) <ul><li>Developer : Business Entity </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity : 1 < Cap ≤ 10 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Price by Utility : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% x Utility’s Production Cost, if connected to the low voltage grid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% x Utility’s Production Cost, if connected to the medium voltage grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purchase Contract : 10 years and could be extended </li></ul>
    32. 32. TERIMA KASIH Thank You www.djlpe.esdm.go.id www.energiterbarukan.net

    ×