Transforming india voc edu


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Transforming india voc edu

  1. 1. TRANSFORMING INDIA By Empowerment of the people of India through g relevant Education & Vocational Training Prof. Pawan Gupta‐ Educational & ManagementConsultants 9372404408(M) pawan@SoftTech‐Engr.com1
  2. 2. EDUCATION• A process of teaching, training and learning teaching learning, especially in schools or colleges, to improve knowledge and d l skills k l d d develop kill• Technical sense education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated k l t d knowledge, skills and values l d kill d l from one generation to another 2
  3. 3. Purpose of Education1. The need for more knowledge / learning2.2 How will it benefit me & my Family?3. Can I start my own business?4.4 How t do H to d something b tt / f t ? thi better faster?5. The need for benchmarking & improving6.6 The Th urge & need to b d become W ld Cl World Class7. To excel in any particular field of activity8. To reduce growth rate of population d h f l 3
  4. 4. Contd…..8. To reduce Law & Order problems problems`9. To reduce the incidence of AIDS10.To improve SECURITY within INDIA10 T i ithi11.To improve personal hygiene12.To improve general health and reduce disease13.To improve productivity14.To reduce pollution & improve environment15.Find15 Fi d new ways t solve old problems to l ld bl 4
  5. 5. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAININGIt sIt’s any formal post‐compulsory education that develops formal, post compulsoryknowledge, skills and attributes linked to particular forms ofemployment,employment although in some interpretations this wouldexclude professional educationVET i di tl li k d t employment generation is directly linked to l t tiIt’s related to employment and income generationIn developed countries nearly 70% to 95% of the work forceis vocationally trained 5
  6. 6. Contd..• In developed countries the total expenditure towards Innovation, R&D, VET and Education is inching towards 12% of GDP 6
  7. 7. FOCUS AREAS• Education• Governance• Economy• Employment generation p y g 7
  8. 8. EDUCATION• Drop‐out rate between KG to class (10+2) is 90% to 93%• Cash out‐flow of about US$ 10 to US$ 12 billion per year• 1,53,000 students leave every year for higher studies• In India functional literacy rate is 67% Where as in China Chi 93%• Hardly 0.5% of the work force are being trained where as in China 10 %• India has 1.2 million school vs 2.0 million in China• India has 373 University vs 900 in China 8
  9. 9. GOVERNANCE• FDI stock in India US$81 billion vs US$ 1320 $ $ billion in China• Tourist Traffic in India 5 million per year vs 80 million per China• World trade is about 1% against 8% for China• Agricultural productivity per acre in India is 40% as compared to that of China• Life expectancy is 68 years vs 74 years in China p y y y• Electrical loss vary from 25% to 50% in India vs 6% to 8% in China e WWW. 9
  10. 10. Contd…• Foreign exchange reserves about US$ 280 billion for India vs US$ 2199 billion China• HIV/AIDS affect about 5 million people in India vs 0 85 million in China 0.85• 40% fruits & vegetables are damaged• Floods or droughts due to poor water management g 10
  11. 11. ECONOMY• Both China and India have large populations covering g p p g substantial and diverse geographical areas, large economies with even larger potential size.• Current “success stories” of globalization: two economies that have apparently benefited. pp y• Success defined by the high and sustained rates of growth of aggregate and per capita national income; the absence of major financial crises; and substantial reduction in income poverty. 11
  12. 12. Rates of GDP growth• The Chinese economy has grown at an average annual rate of 9.8 per cent for two and a half decades, showing volatility around high trend.• India’s economy has grown at around 5‐6 per cent y g p per year over the same period, breaking from “Hindu” rate of 3 per cent. But very recently the average growth rate f the l f h for h last four years is 8 per cent. 12
  13. 13. India: Rates of GDP growthYEAR GDP PERCENT CHANGE 1996 7.56 6 2.84 2 84 % 1997 4.619 -38.90 % 1998 5.979 29.44 % 1999 6.916 6 916 15.67 15 67 % 2000 5.693 -17.68 % 2001 3.885 -31.76 % 2002 4.558 4 558 17.32 17 32 % 2003 6.852 50.33 % 2004 7.897 15.25 % 2005 9.211 9 211 16.64 16 64 % 2006 9.817 6.58 % 2007 9.372 -4.53 % 2008 7.346 7 346 -21.62 % 21 62 2009 5.355 -27.10 % 13
  14. 14. China: Rates of GDP growth Chart 7: Trend Rates of Growth of GDP: Sub-periods 16.0 14.0 13.5 12.2 12 2 11.8 12.0 11.1 10.3 10.1 9.8 10.0 9.3 8.7 1980-90Per cent 8.0 1991-2003 1980-2003 5.9 6.0 4.4 4.0 3.7 2.0 0.0 Overall O ll Primary Pi Secondary S d Tertiary T ti 14
  15. 15. Rates of investment• The investment rate in China (investment as a share of GDP) has fluctuated between 35 and 44 per cent over the past 25 years, compared to 20 to 26 per cent in India.• Aggregate ICORs (incremental capital‐output ratios) have been around the same in both economies.• Infrastructure investment from the early 1990s has averaged 19 per cent of GDP in China, compared to 2 per cent in India. 15
  16. 16. Role of FDI in China• Argued that China can afford to have such a high investment rate because it has attracted so much foreign direct investment (FDI)• But FDI has accounted for only 3‐5 per cent of GDP in China 35 since 1990, and at its peak was 8 per cent. In the period after 2000, FDI was only 6 per cent of domestic investment• Recent inflows of capital have not added to the domestic investment rate at all, macro economically speaking, but have led to the further accumulation of international reserves, now increasing by more than $120 billion per year year. 16
  17. 17. Employment Generation• India has 300 million registered unemployed in the age group of 18 to 50 years• Avg. age of India is 25 years compared to Chinese is 34 years• India spends 0.1% of its GDP where as china spends 2.5% of its GDP on VET (Vocational Education & Training)• VET will create one of the biggest pool of young 17
  18. 18. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks1.1 Good Governance & Effective Administration2.2 100% P iPrimary Lit Literacy3. Vocational Education & Training, VET4. SME’s (Small & Medium Enterprises, 93% of Indians work here) )5. Exports & Tourism 18
  19. 19. Planning for the Youth of INDIA1. Emphasis on 100% Primary Literacy p y y2. Empowerment of the Female Child3. Entrepreneurial Skill Development (ESD) from p p Primary Stages4. Vocational Education & Training (VET) to start at the th earliest stages, b d on lik and preferences li t t based likes d f5. Emphasis on ESD & VET rather than the present college system 19
  20. 20. WHY eLearning• Providing access to a range of resources and materials which may not otherwise be available or accessible for accessible, example graphics, sound, animation, multimedia• Giving control to students over when and where they study & allowing students to study at their own pace d ll i d d h i• providing a student centred learning environment which can be tailored to meet the learning needs of g individual students• providing frequent and timely individual feedback, for example through computer assisted assessment and assessment, positive reinforcement 20
  21. 21. CONCLUSIONS• Realization has already started• Synergy are visible• All performers eager to move to next steps p 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. NEED SOLUTIONSProblem Facing:• Lack of Preparedness• Attrition & Impatience• Limited Computer Skills• I f Information R t i l & A ti Retrieval Assessment t 23
  24. 24. Possibilities Influencing Education by 2030• National programs f i N i l for improving collective i lli i ll i intelligence• Just –in‐time knowledge and learning• Individualized education• Use of simulations• Continuous evaluation of individual learning processes designed to prevent people from growing unstable or becoming mentally ill.• Improved individual nutrition• Genetically increased intelligence• Use f l b l li U of global online simulations as a primary social i l ti i i l science research tool• Use of public communications to reinforce pursuit of knowledge 24
  25. 25. Continued…• P t bl artificial i t lli Portable tifi i l intelligence d i devices• Complete mapping of human synapses to discover how learning occurs and thereby develop strategies for improvement of learning• Means for keeping adult brains healthier for longer periods d• Chemistry for brain enhancement• W b 17.0 Web 17 0• Integrated life long learning systems• Programs aimed at eliminating prejudice and hate• E‐Teaching• Smarter than human computers• Artificial microbes enhance intelligence. 25