Inquiry

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  • Heuristic = problem solving by experiment - utilize self-education techniques
  • Colors denote formality of the mode: Black= Both formal and informal inquiry Green= informal inquiry only Blue = formal inquiry only
  • Colors denote formality of the mode: Black= Both formal and informal inquiry Green= informal inquiry only Blue = formal inquiry only
  • Colors denote formality of the mode: Black= Both formal and informal inquiry Green= informal inquiry only Blue = formal inquiry only
  • These are phases of the modes of inquiry, they represent operations of the modes of inquiry They are sequential except for Instruction which is concurrent with the other modes
  • Animated- the full circle has all the phases Click #2 is the relation of INFORMAL - note only draw conclusion for Interpret and NO instruction Click #3 removes the INFORMAL circle again
  • Inquiry

    1. 1. Inquiry Learning Frances M. Pottenger III Curriculum Research and Development Group University of Hawaii
    2. 2. Inquiry <ul><li>Cognitive survival mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Innate, reasoned knowledge constructing process </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Of humans to make sense of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of considered thought </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Inquiry <ul><li>Consists of the ways humans use to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invent and test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw conclusions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These are used to develop answers and resolutions to questions and/or meet needs </li></ul>
    4. 4. Inquiry is Communal <ul><li>Human’s instincts bring them together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge shared and validated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal recording </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules are developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized communities emerge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t, religions, disciplines, schools… </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Informal Knowledge <ul><li>Created knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-constructed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-validated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heuristic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One makes own version of existing knowledge </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Formal Knowledge <ul><li>Product of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule governed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge creating, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recording,and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Involves invention, testing, and interpretation processes </li></ul>
    7. 7. Formal Knowledge <ul><li>Formal because… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge creation conforms to a set of community established rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions of community interest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures for investigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judgment criteria </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Informal vs Formal Knowledge COMMUNITY CERTIFIED COMMUNITY CERTIFIED FORMAL KNOWLEDGE INTER-PERSONAL EXCHANGE PERSONAL INFORMAL KNOWLEDGE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE LEARNED NEW KNOWLEDGE CREATED
    9. 9. Modes of Inquiry- Search for new knowledge <ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Replicative </li></ul><ul><li>Technological </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>..out of a spontaneous desire to know or do </li></ul><ul><li>… by validating inquiry through duplication </li></ul><ul><li>… seeking to satisfy a need through construction or production and testing </li></ul><ul><li>… new to the seeker in established knowledge found in artifacts and people </li></ul>
    10. 10. Modes of Inquiry- Search for new knowledge <ul><li>Evaluative </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>Inductive </li></ul><ul><li>… about the capacity of the products to meet a standard </li></ul><ul><li>… through creation of accurate representation of things or events </li></ul><ul><li>… in correlated data patterns and generalizable relationships. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesis finding process </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Modes of Inquiry- Search for new knowledge <ul><li>Deductive </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical </li></ul><ul><li>… in logical synthesis of existing knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truth assertion and hypothesis making process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… via testing predictions flowing from hypotheses </li></ul><ul><li>… through synthesis of multiple hypotheses </li></ul>
    12. 12. Phases of Inquiry <ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Originate interest and focus </li></ul><ul><li>Create resolution and test </li></ul><ul><li>Carryout test and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Draw conclusions, certify conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates concurrently </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Phases of Inquiry and Knowledge Formality Formal Initiation Invention Investigation Interpretation Instruction Initiation Invention Investigation Interpret- Draw Conclusions Informal

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