Introduction to Literature Online (LION) PATRICK WASLEY NOVEMBER 27, 2012
What is Literature Online?“Literature Online is a virtual library containing over 350,000 literary texts together with full-text journals, author biographies and other critical and reference resources. Since its launch in 1996, it has become established as the first port of call both for advanced researchers, looking for accurate online versions of authoritative print texts, and for students who require trustworthy critical sources on set texts and authors.”
Who Owns Literature Online? Literature Online is owned by Chadwyck-Healey. This company is the specialist humanities publishing imprint of ProQuest. Some “translation” may be necessary for users in the United States (e.g., British & American spelling).
What Does Literature Online Contain? More than 343,000 works of English, American, African American and Canadian poetry from the eighth century to the present day More than 5,000 works of English and American drama from 1280 to 1915 More than 2,000 works of English and American prose from 1500 to 1914 The full text of over 350 literature journals All 38 of Shakespeares plays in dramatised audio recordings Nearly 900 Poets on Screen filmed readings
LION Content (cont.) More than 175 volumes from the “Companions to Literature” series from Cambridge University Press Over 900,000 records of articles, monographs and dissertations in the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature from 1920 onward Fifteen leading literary reference works: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (Oxford University Press, 1990) The Encyclopedia of Post-Colonial Literatures in English (Routledge, 2005) Columbia Dictionary of Modern Literary and Cultural Criticism (Columbia University Press, 1995) Encyclopedia of American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1998)
Even More …. The King James Bible Websters Unabridged Dictionary Concise Oxford Dictionary OUPs A Shakespeare Glossary Links to over 5,100 Web sites Literature Online biographies for 4,100 of the most widely studied authors.
What’s the Purpose?“Chadwyck-Healey literature collections offer users the potential to transform the scholarly discussion of literature and language past and present. Making the works of canonical writers, as well as their lesser-known contemporaries, accessible and available to sophisticated analysis in electronic form allows all users of Chadwyck-Healey collections - from specialist researchers to undergraduate students - to make new connections and serendipitous discoveries, thereby creating fresh avenues for critical debate, scholarly dialogue and linguistic research in the humanities.”Source: http://collections.chadwyck.co.uk/marketing/about_chadwyck_ healey.jsp
Usage Statistics (from Proquest) 2011-12: Full text downloads= 237; Searches= 1,059 2010-11: Full text downloads= 174; Searches= 706 2009-10: Full text downloads= 348 ; Searches= 269 2008-09: Full text downloads= 440; Searches= 1,986 2007-08: Full text downloads= 662; Searches= 1,522 2006-07: Full text downloads= 802; Searches= 3,257
Observations about Literature Online Many works in the public domain are included in this database (esp. English literature). LION is a useful resource for locating primary sources (just type word or phrase in the search box (default – Keyword Search)). Many primary works include page breaks / page numbers so that users can cite their sources and locate information in print volumes, if necessary. The information for a complete citation is included, but the citation is not formatted.
LION: Citation Download Author: Kibble, Matt Title: Hurston, Zora Neale Title of volume: Literature Online biography Source: Literature Online URL: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl/openurl?ctx_ ver=Z39.88- 2003&xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&r es_id=xri:lion- us&rft_id=xri:lion:rec:ref:3072
LION Citation (MLA)Kibble, Matt. “Zora Neale Hurston.” Literature Online Biography. Literature Online. 2009. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.How to Cite Texts Page:http://lion.chadwyck.com/infoCentre/citations.jsp
More Comments Database does not support variant spellings (e.g., “Duchess of Malfi” is listed under its Old English name, “The Dutchesse of Malfy”). Many texts are reproduced with original spelling and syntax. Recommended access points: keyword or author. Database does not contain a large number of full- text, secondary (critical) sources. Literature Online would best be used in conjunction with other databases (Literature Resource Center and Academic Search Complete).
Chadwyck-Healey For more information about Literature Online (LION) and Chadwyck-Healey, visit:http://collections.chadwyck.co.uk/marketing/index.js p
Sample Searches Find three critical articles (secondary sources) relating to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s story, “My Kinsman, Major Molineux.” Find biographical information on American author Zora Neale Hurston. Find a copy of Walt Whitman’s poem, “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking” (1872 edition of Leaves of Grass). Find an audio recording of Shakespeare’s King Lear.