中国传统医学

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This is my Chinese Culture Powerpoint on Chinese Traditional Medicine.

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中国传统医学

  1. 1. Traditional Chinese Medicine By: Elaine and Crystal CL 2
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Slide 3 – Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 – Five Elements </li></ul><ul><li>6-7 – Hua Tuo </li></ul><ul><li>8-9 – Bian Que </li></ul><ul><li>10-11 – Li Shi Zhen </li></ul><ul><li>12 – Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>13-14 – Herb Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>15 – Acupuncture </li></ul><ul><li>16 – Cupping </li></ul><ul><li>17 – !!!THE SURPRISE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>18 – Bibliography </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>With a history of 2000 to 3000 years, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has formed a unique system to cure illness. The most used TCM is called the herb medicine. Basically, herb medicine is gathering a bunch of plants and maybe some animals, boil it in water for a period of time, and instead of eating the plants and animals, you could just simply drink the boiled water which contains the active ingredients from the plants and animals! Anyways, in this power point presentation, you will get familiar with the five elements of TCM, several famous people who basically created TCM, and the difference between TCM and western medicine, herb medicine, acupuncture, and cupping. First, let’s explore the five elements! </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. Five elements <ul><li>The five element theory, also called the five-phase theory, holds that everything in the universe, including our health, is governed by five natural elements: wood , fire , earth , metal and water . </li></ul><ul><li>This theory underscores the Chinese belief that human beings, both physically and mentally, are intertwined with nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Although it is difficult for Westerners to relate this philosophy to the Western approach to medicine, it is to the understanding of Traditional Chinese Medicine. </li></ul>Wood Earth Fire Water Metal
  5. 5. Five Elements <ul><li>Oriental Medicine uses this time-tested, diagnostic model to analyze how the various parts of a person's body and mind interact to affect health. </li></ul>Element Universe Individual Wood Growing, flourishing, rooted yet pushing upward Striving, controlling, flexible strength, self-assured Earth Productive, fertile Solid, stable, reliable ,tenacious, grounded Metal Hard, structured, symmetric Organized, substantial, strong, durable Fire Dry, hot, ascending Dynamic, sparkling, enthusiastic Water Wet, cool, descending Flowing, adaptable, pliant
  6. 6. 华佗 <ul><li>Hua Tuo was a renowned physician during the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdom era of China. </li></ul><ul><li>He developed the &quot;Frolics of the Five Animals&quot;, a series of exercises based on movements of the tiger, deer, bear, ape, and crane. </li></ul><ul><li>He was well known for being able to diagnose miscarriages by examining a woman's pulse and to tell whether the dead fetus was male or female depending on the position of the fetus. </li></ul><ul><li>He was also famous for ridding people of parasites that had gotten into their bodies from ingesting uncooked meat. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the person that invented anesthetic to decrease the patients’ pain. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 华佗 <ul><li>One day, Cao Cao had a severe headache. He invited Hua Tuo to cure his sickness. When he came, he told Cao Cao that his headache was very serious and had to cut open his head. Cao Cao was very mad and thought that Hua Tuo wanted to kill him. He locked him into jail. After awhile, Cao Cao decided to kill Hua Tuo. After awhile. Cao Cao died because of this sickness. But then, this talented doctor had disappeared from the world! </li></ul><ul><li>Hua Tuo </li></ul>
  8. 8. 扁鹊 <ul><li>Bian Que was one of the famous Doctor in ancient China. </li></ul><ul><li>He was famous in using acupuncture, cupping and massage to cure the patients’ diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>He was very famous in pulse taking. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a very generous man who cured people without asking for money. </li></ul><ul><li>Every body in the village liked him because of that. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 扁鹊 <ul><li>Once, Bian Que came by a country, the emperor there knew that he was very famous and he invited him to come to his palace. When Bian Que arrived, he told the emperor that he was suffering from a disease. The emperor didn’t believe him and gone really angry. After five days, Bian Que came again and noticed the disease went worse. He told the emperor but he still didn’t believe him. After another five days, he came again. This time, he discovered that there was no way to help the emperor to recover. The emperor still didn’t believe him. But after seven days, the disease went straight in to his brain. The emperor died! </li></ul>
  10. 10. 李时珍 <ul><li>Li Shizhen was one of the greatest physicians and pharmacologists in Chinese history. </li></ul><ul><li>His major contribution to medicine was his forty-year work, which is found in his epic book the Ben Cao Gang Mu. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ben Cao Gang Mu <ul><li>The book has details about more than 1,800 drugs (Chinese Medicine), including 1,100 illustrations and 11,000 prescriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>It also described the type, form, flavor, nature and application in disease treatments of 1,094 herbs. </li></ul><ul><li>His Materia Medica has been translated into many different languages, and remains as the reference work for herbal medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>The book was reprinted frequently and five of the original edition still exists. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Difference between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine <ul><li>In contrast to Western medicine's teaching of a separation between the mind and body, TCM views each organ as having particular body and mind functions, as illustrated in the belief that the liver is involved in planning, and in the storage of anger, while the gall bladder is the organ of decision-making. </li></ul>VS
  13. 13. Herb Medicine <ul><li>Of the approximately 500 Chinese herbs that are in use today, 250 or so are very commonly used. </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than being prescribed individually, single herbs are combined into formulas that are designed to adapt to the specific needs of individual patients. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Herb Medicine <ul><li>A herbal formula can contain anywhere from 3 to 25 herbs. As with diet therapy, each herb has one or more of the five flavors/functions and one of five &quot;temperatures&quot; ( hot, warm, neutral, cool, cold ). </li></ul><ul><li>After the herbalist determines the energetic temperature and functional state of the patient's body, he or she prescribes a mixture of herbs tailored to balance disharmony. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Acupuncture <ul><li>(from the Latin word acus, &quot;needle&quot;, and pungere, meaning &quot;prick&quot;) is a technique in which the practitioner inserts fine needles into specific points on the patient's body. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually about a dozen acupoints are needled in one session, although the number of needles used may range anywhere from just one or two to 20 or more. </li></ul><ul><li>The intended effect is to increase circulation and balance energy) within the body. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cupping <ul><li>A type of Chinese massage, cupping consists of placing several glass &quot;cups&quot; (open spheres) on the body. A match is lit and placed inside the cup and then removed before placing the cup against the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>The resulting effect is the burning of oxygen within the cup, creating a relative vacuum that allows the cup to stick to the skin via suction. </li></ul><ul><li>When combined with massage oil, the cups can be slid around the back, offering what some practitioners think of as a reverse-pressure massage. </li></ul>
  17. 17. !!!QUIZ!!! <ul><li>What were the five elements? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Hua Tuo invent to decrease the patient’s pain? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Bian Que very popular between the villagers? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most famous book Li Shi Zhen wrote? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the five temperatures for herbs? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the effect acupuncture? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the effect of cupping? </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS: What is the difference between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>www.amfoundation.org/tcm.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.tcmpage.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.baidu.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.com </li></ul> 谢谢 

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