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Internal Market, Industry,
Entrepreneurship and SMEs
European Support to Clusters and Cluster
International Cooperation
Fo...
European cluster strategy for growth
Clusters
accelerators for
innovation and
industrial change
Cluster
excellence
Interna...
Clusters accelerators for
innovation and industrial change
Boosting interregional collaboration
and investment through clu...
Customised
SME support
Regional and
International
Strategy
Cross-sectoral
Collaboration
VALUE CHAIN
INNOVATION
Using clust...
Challenges Objectives Measures
Reindustrialise EU's
industrial base
Develop long-term
internationally
competititive goods
...
Cluster Partnering in Europe - Cluster facilitated
projects for new industrial value chains
ICT/Mobile/Electonics/Int
erne...
Call for expression of interest
Towards European Strategic Cluster Partnerships
for smart specialisation investments
• aim...
Towards cluster and technology centres Investment Plans!
• The gap on European KETs Technology Infrastructures providing
s...
S3 Platform for Industrial Modernisation
10
Support to S3-Platform on Industrial
Modernisation
How to get involved
Call for expression of interest to establish
thematic areas, matchmaking and interest
handling by Join...
Regional hotspots in sectoral clusters
Regional hotspots in cross-sectoral clusters
Emerging Industries overview
European Cluster Panorama 2016
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/cluster/observatory/cluster-ma...
Fostering SME internationalisation
through clusters
European Strategic Cluster Partnerships – Going International (ESCP-4i)
• 1st call 2014 (3,75M€): 15 partnerships establis...
ESCP-4i Overview
Others: Korea, Taiwan, North & West Africa, ASEAN,
Gulf/Middle East
7
3
5
8
8
8
10
12
0 5 10 15
Other Lat...
International Cluster Cooperation at EU level
Promoting "European Strategic Cluster Partnerships - Going
International (ES...
20
Analysis of complementarities between cluster partnership members
www.clustercollaboration.eu/wiintech
Supporting cluster excellence
Cluster Excellence Programme for SMEs (COSME, €8.25m, call for 1.5
million to fund ca 7 proj...
Cluster firms …
- are more
innovative than non-
cluster firms
- register more
trademarks and
apply for more
patents
- coop...
Cross Technologies, cross Sector Approaches
The Role of Clusters: integrators /
synergy
Act as facilitator
& bridge-builder
Support groups
of related SMEs
Promote cro...
SMEs
Why specific policy actions for SMEs:
the RED gap
Numberofenterprises(%)
Employment(%)
Valueadded(%)
Smaller economie...
Why SMEs are important
99,8
0,2
Number of
Enterprises (%)
SMEs
Large
57,6
42,4
Value Added at
Factor Costs (%)
SMEs
Large
...
Smart Guide to Cluster Policy
Available at http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/regional-policies...
Do's and Don'ts of Modern Cluster Policy
Don’ts Do’s
Support individual specialised firms Support new activities, in parti...
More information
• EU Cluster Portal:
• http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/cluster/index_en.htm
o The European Cluster Observ...
European Support to Clusters and Cluster International Cooperation
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European Support to Clusters and Cluster International Cooperation

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European Support to Clusters and Cluster International Cooperation
José Freitas, Policy Officer
Eiropas Komisija, Uzņēmējdarbības un rūpniecības ģenerāldirektorāts (European Commission
DG GROW F2)

Video: https://youtu.be/9klBi6zJ3UQ

2017.gada 19.janvāris, Rīga

Published in: Business
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European Support to Clusters and Cluster International Cooperation

  1. 1. Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs European Support to Clusters and Cluster International Cooperation Forum "Cluster – Cooperation with Result" Riga, January 19th 2017 José Freitas Policy Officer SMEs: Clusters, Social Economy and Entrepreneurship Unit
  2. 2. European cluster strategy for growth Clusters accelerators for innovation and industrial change Cluster excellence International cluster cooperation PME
  3. 3. Clusters accelerators for innovation and industrial change Boosting interregional collaboration and investment through clusters
  4. 4. Customised SME support Regional and International Strategy Cross-sectoral Collaboration VALUE CHAIN INNOVATION Using clusters to facilitate value chain innovation and industrial transformation Cluster facilitated projects for new industrial value chains (INNOSUP-1) https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/6084-innosup-01-2016-2017.html 18.5 mio € (04.04.17) 2-stage procedure 75% to support innovation in SMEs
  5. 5. Challenges Objectives Measures Reindustrialise EU's industrial base Develop long-term internationally competititive goods and services Create new industrial value chains Support development of emerging industries in Europe Contribute to regional smart specialisation strategies Support cross- sectoral and cross- regional cooperation Support innovation activities Improve business environment through open collaboration spaces Horizon2020: Cluster facilitated projects for new industrial value chains
  6. 6. Cluster Partnering in Europe - Cluster facilitated projects for new industrial value chains ICT/Mobile/Electonics/Int ernet of Things/Digital/Cloud 15% Health/Care/Personalized medicine/Pharma 13% Circular/Ressource Efficiency/Environmental/ Eco-efficient/Renewable energy 9%Creative Industries/Fashion/Experi ence Industries 9% Advanced Manufacturing/4.0/Smart factory/KETs 7% Food/Agrifood 7% Blue growth/Marine/Maritime/ Port 5% Logistics/Mobility/Car 5% Construction 4% Servitization 2% Other industries (once each) 11% General 13% Topics of INNOSUP-1 cluster projects - 45 second stage full proposals
  7. 7. Call for expression of interest Towards European Strategic Cluster Partnerships for smart specialisation investments • aims to strengthen industry participation and inter-regional collaboration in implementation of smart specialisation strategies • addressed to cluster organisations, other business network organisations, technology centres and science parks • focuses on industrial modernisation • open partnering process open via preparing for a call for proposals (2.8 million) for early 2017 http://www.clustercollaboration.eu/news/call-expression-interest-towards-european-strategic- cluster-partnerships
  8. 8. Towards cluster and technology centres Investment Plans! • The gap on European KETs Technology Infrastructures providing services to SMEs: Total of 187 KETs Technology Infrastructures 60% in only 4 countries (DE, ES, FR, UK) Need for networking and pan-European access to SMEs For each infrastructure: competences, TRLs, market sectors, services, trainings, SME contact…
  9. 9. S3 Platform for Industrial Modernisation 10
  10. 10. Support to S3-Platform on Industrial Modernisation
  11. 11. How to get involved Call for expression of interest to establish thematic areas, matchmaking and interest handling by Joint Research Centre/ S3Platform Regions http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/industrial-modernisation Call for expression of interest and partner search towards European Strategic Cluster Partnerships for smart specialisation investments (S³) Cluster organisations, business networks, technology centres, science parks Businesses www.clustercollaboration.eu/news/call-expression-interest-towards-european-strategic-cluster-partnerships European Investment Advisory Hub, regional managing authorities, regional cluster organisations & business networks, and Enterprise Europe Network partners
  12. 12. Regional hotspots in sectoral clusters
  13. 13. Regional hotspots in cross-sectoral clusters
  14. 14. Emerging Industries overview European Cluster Panorama 2016 http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/cluster/observatory/cluster-mapping-services/cluster-mapping/cluster-panorama
  15. 15. Fostering SME internationalisation through clusters
  16. 16. European Strategic Cluster Partnerships – Going International (ESCP-4i) • 1st call 2014 (3,75M€): 15 partnerships established – 80 clusters involved • 2nd call end 2016 (4,42M€); • 3rd call: 2017 Q1 (5,79M€); it includes funding for space and ddual-use defence clusters • Eligible: cluster organisations that support SMEs in clusters • 2013-2020: 19 M € International cluster matchmaking events in third countries and Europe • EU-USA Event, Hannover Messe, 25-26 April 2016 – Industrial automation, environmental technology, etc. • EU-TAIWAN Event, European Innovation Week, ICT Fair Computex, 30 May-3 June 2016, Taipei • EU-IRAN Cluster Matchmaking Event on sustainable construction, automotive and mobility, textile, chemicals, raw materials, environmental technologies and tourism, Tehran (Iran) 17/18 October 2016 • EU-Mexico, cluster matchmaking event on Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Waste Management and Wastewater Management, Green Days Exhibition, Mexico City, 25/27 October 2016 • EU-Brasil, cluster matchmaking event on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Solid Waste Management, Renewable Energy (solar, biomass) and Biogas, Lyon, France, 29/30 November 2016 • EU-USA (Tech Connect Trade Fair), May, 2017 Washington • EU-Taiwan (ICT, circular economy), June 2017, Brussels (tbc) • EU-India smart cities, water, transport, solar, buildings, , 10-12 May, 2017New Deli (tbc) • EU-EU, aerospace, Paris, 2017 (tbc) • EU-EU, 2017 agrofood (tbd) Promoting cluster cooperation for win-win industrial leadership in global markets Cluster Internationalisation Programme for SMEs - Ongoing activity Promote cluster competitive ness
  17. 17. ESCP-4i Overview Others: Korea, Taiwan, North & West Africa, ASEAN, Gulf/Middle East 7 3 5 8 8 8 10 12 0 5 10 15 Other Latin Amercica MEXICO CANADA INDIA CHINA JAPAN BRAZIL USA Main target countries
  18. 18. International Cluster Cooperation at EU level Promoting "European Strategic Cluster Partnerships - Going International (ESCP-4i)" Not about • Trade promotion only • Sector specific • Individual cluster support on international markets More about • Developing Longer Term strategic cooperation in mutual interest • Across sectoral boundaries • Pan-European cluster consortia through a joint strategic vision and common goals, and indeed trhough the establishment of: • European Strategic Cluster Partnerships - Going international • Towards a win-win approach
  19. 19. 20 Analysis of complementarities between cluster partnership members www.clustercollaboration.eu/wiintech
  20. 20. Supporting cluster excellence Cluster Excellence Programme for SMEs (COSME, €8.25m, call for 1.5 million to fund ca 7 projects closed on 31/03/2016) – Next call 2018 Supporting capacity building through benchmarking, training, twinning and labelling of cluster management 2010-2016 • 811 (in 40 countries) BRONZE label • 47 (in 10 countries) SILVER label • 69 (14 countries) GOLD label https://ec.europa.eu/easme/en/cos-cluster-2015-3-02-clusters-excellence-programme
  21. 21. Cluster firms … - are more innovative than non- cluster firms - register more trademarks and apply for more patents - cooperate more 38% of European jobs are based in 2000 clusters. 22 Why clusters? SMEs are more innovative!
  22. 22. Cross Technologies, cross Sector Approaches
  23. 23. The Role of Clusters: integrators / synergy Act as facilitator & bridge-builder Support groups of related SMEs Promote cross-border & cross-sectoral cooperation Integrate, catalyse & multiply cross-sectoral and cross-regional cooperation Create favourable "open space" for cross-sectoral fertilisation
  24. 24. SMEs Why specific policy actions for SMEs: the RED gap Numberofenterprises(%) Employment(%) Valueadded(%) Smaller economies of scale Lower apparent productivity compared to large companies e.g. greater variety of tasks per employee – usually smaller degree of specialisation Large businesses Case for a SME-relevant public policy & cluster policy Gap!
  25. 25. Why SMEs are important 99,8 0,2 Number of Enterprises (%) SMEs Large 57,6 42,4 Value Added at Factor Costs (%) SMEs Large 66,5 33,5 Employment (%) SMEs Large 85 15 Net new jobs 2002- 2010 (%) SMEs Large
  26. 26. Smart Guide to Cluster Policy Available at http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/regional-policies/ A couple of concepts, Eight Do’s and Don’ts, and Plenty good practice examples … of how to make better use of clusters for promoting regional industrial modernisation, supporting the growth of SMEs and encouraging smart specialisation.
  27. 27. Do's and Don'ts of Modern Cluster Policy Don’ts Do’s Support individual specialised firms Support new activities, in particular those being undertaken by groups or networks of related industries Create clusters from scratch Facilitate the growth of clusters by building upon existing strengths Fund large numbers of widely varied clusters Fund strategic cluster initiatives that focus on promoting the strengths, linkages and emerging competences and which are in line with the aims of national/regional smart specialisation strategies Follow growth trends without reflection Capitalise upon regional competences to diversify into new activity areas and to develop emerging industries Follow a narrow sectoral cluster approach Follow a systemic cluster approach focusing on related industries by capturing cross-sectoral linkages Develop and implement cluster policy in isolation from other policy areas Adopt an inclusive and participatory cluster approach Support cluster initiatives that are only inward looking Support cluster initiatives that have an international perspective on the positioning of the cluster in international value chains Focus exclusively on strengthening regional partnerships Build regional partnerships as a basis for joining European Strategic Cluster Partnerships
  28. 28. More information • EU Cluster Portal: • http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/cluster/index_en.htm o The European Cluster Observatory o Cluster Excellence o Cluster Internationalisation o Clusters and Emerging Industries • COSME calls • http://ec.europa.eu/growth/contracts-grants/index_en.htm • https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/6084-innosup-01- 2016-2017.html • Horizon 2020 Work Programme: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/wp/2014_2015/main/h2020- wp1415-sme_en.pdf • EASME AGENCY • http://ec.europa.eu/easme/ • European resource Efficiency Self-Assessment Tool for SMEs: • https://ec.europa.eu/easme/en/tender/31/european-resource-efficiency-self-assessment-tool- smes 29

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