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Yubase apps

  1. 1. APPLICATION OF HIGH QUALITY (GROUP II, III) BASE OILS TO SPECIALTY LUBRICANTS JANUARY 28, 2000 6th ANNUAL FUELS & LUBES ASIA CONFERENCE SINGAPORE SK Corporation WOO-SIK MOON, YONG-RAE CHO and JUNG-SIK CHUN SK Corporation
  2. 2. Presentation Overview SK Corporation •Introduction - High Quality Base Oils •High Quality Base Oils and White Mineral Oils from Fuels Hydrocracker Residue •Product Quality of UCO Lube Process - General Performance - Dissolving Ability •Applications UCO Process Products in Specialties - Agricultural Spray Oils - White Oils - Coning Oils - Transformer Oils •Summary
  3. 3. High Quality Base Oils SK Corporation •Low Volatility •Excellent Oxidation Stability •Excellent Low Temperature Properties •Inherent VI being above 120
  4. 4. High Quality Base Oils SK Corporation Market Forces of High Quality Base Oils Fuel efficiency Energy saving Volatility Environ. friendly OEM People Oil Co. Formulation Cost Safety Performance Maintenance Value Push Pull High Quality Base Oils Use
  5. 5. High Quality Base Oils SK Corporation Four Main Options of High Quality Base Oils •PAOs •Di-Esters •Wax Isomerised Base Oils •Severely Hydrocracked Base Oils
  6. 6. High Quality Base Oils and White Mineral Oils from Fuels Hydrocracker Residue SK Corporation SK UCO Lube Process Vacuum Distil'n Unit HDT Reactor Vacuum StripperReduced Crude Fuels Fuel Hydrocracking Complex HDC Reactor VGO VR UCO (Hydrocracker Residue) Gases HDW Reactor BASE OILS, WHITE OILS Vacuum Stripper HDT Reactor Lube Hydrodewaxing Complex Vacuum Distil'n Unit
  7. 7. High Quality Base Oils and White Mineral Oils from Fuels Hydrocracker Residue SK Corporation Catalysts and Operating Conditions in Hydro-Finishing Unit for Production of White Mineral Oils Former Current Catalyst Description Ni, W on Alumina Pd on high Surface with Promoter Carrier Temperature, ‘C 245 ~ 340 230 ~ 300 Pressure, kg/cm G 155 ~ 190 155 ~ 190 Space Velocity, kg/l/hr 1.0 1.0 2
  8. 8. High Quality Base Oils and White Mineral Oils from Fuels Hydrocracker Residue SK Corporation •Severe Hydrocracking and Recycling of Fuels hydrocracker Residue (UCO) •UCO is Feedstock for High Quality VHVI Base Oils Production •All Hydro-processing Route - Utilization of Hydro-isomerized Dewaxing with fuels Hydrocracker Residue and High Pressure Hydro-finishing •Economic Process for Production High Quality Base Oils and White Mineral Oils - Integration of Fuels Hydrocracker and Lube Process with Noble Metallic Catalysts Summary
  9. 9. Product Quality of UCO Lube Process SK Corporation •3 Viscosity grades in 2 Quality levels with VI’s in the range 110 - 135 •API Group 2, Group 3 Base Oil •Severely Hydro-Cracked Base Oil A VHVI Base Oil, YUBASE
  10. 10. Product Quality of UCO Lube Process SK Corporation Typical Properties of YUBASE YUBASE-3 YUBASE-4 YUBASE-6 (API Gr-II) (API Gr-III) (API Gr-III) Viscosity @ 40'C, cSt 12.3 19.1 32.5 Viscosity @100'C, cSt 3.1 4.2 6.0 Viscosity Index 115 126 133 Flash point, COC, 'C 196 220 234 Pour point, 'C -24 -15 -15 CCS vis. @-25'C, cP <500 770 2220 Noack volatility, wt% 40.0 14.5 7.0 Sulfur content, ppm <1 <1 <1 Aromatics, wt% <0.5 <0.5 <0.5
  11. 11. Product Quality of UCO Lube Process SK Corporation Property Comparison of 150N Grades Solvent Lube Hydro VHVI Synthetic Refined Cracking YU-6 PAO-6 Viscosity @ 40'C, cSt 30.3 29.8 32.5 31.0 Viscosity @100'C, cSt 5.0 5.1 6.0 5.9 Viscosity Index 95 99 133 135 Flash point, COC, 'C 216 222 234 234 Pour point, 'C -12 -12 -15 -60 CCS vis. @-25'C, cP 4500 4000 2220 900 Noack volatility, wt% 17.0 16.5 7.0 6.8 Sulfur content, ppm 5800 300 <1 <1 Aromatics, wt% 22.5 3.5 <0.5 <0.5 RBOT, +0.3%AO, min 185 250 520 540 PCT, mg (1) 158 140 58 32 Note (1) : with 13.0% ACEA A3/B3 DI + 10.0wt% OCP VII
  12. 12. Product Quality of UCO Lube Process SK Corporation Dissolving Ability Comparison of 150N Grades Solvent Lube Hydro VHVI Naphthene Refined Cracking YU-6 150N Aniline point, 'C 100 116 126 79 Vis.-Grav. Constant 0.82 0.80 0.78 0.87 Carbon type distribution Cp, % 57 64 79 47 Cn, % 38 35 21 42 Ca, % 5 1 0 11
  13. 13. Product Quality of UCO Lube Process SK Corporation •Very Good Viscosity-Temperature Behavior and Good Low Temperature Properties •Excellent Oxidative and Thermal Stability •Very Low Volatility •Similar to PAO in General Performances •No Toxic Potential •Lack of Dissolving Ability Summary
  14. 14. Applications of UCO Process Product SK Corporation High Quality Base Oils Based Lubricants Advantages Properties / Improvements Reasons •Better Low Temp. Properties Low Wax, High VI •Low Oil Consumption and Low Volatility, Narrow Boiling Higher Flash, Fire Points Ranges •Higher Thermal and Oxidative High Saturates, Good Additive Stability (Longer Life) Response •Good Friction Behavior and High VI, Low Aromatics Wear Reduction •Environmentally Friend Low Aromatics, Low Volatility
  15. 15. Applications of UCO Process Product SK Corporation Principal Uses of UCO Process Products Automotive Oils Industrial Oils Specialties PCMO Hydraulic Fluids Heat transfers HDDO Turbine Oils Quenching Oils Gear Oils Compressor Oils Cutting Oils ATFs Vacuum Pump Oils Process Oils Tractor Fluids Rolling Oils Spray Oils Shock Absorber Oils White Oils Textile Oils Transformer Oils
  16. 16. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Agricultural Spray Oils Base Oil Properties for Citrus Spray Oils General YUBASE-4 Criteria Viscosity @40'C, cSt 19.1 60N~100N Unsulfonated Residue, vol% >99 >92 Paraffinic Carbon (Cp), % 78 >60 Boiling Range by GCD 10% off, ‘C 395.0 90% off, ‘C 541.5 90% - 10% off, ‘C 56.5 <65 Carbon No. by GCD Data 10% ~ 90% off point 24~30 16~30
  17. 17. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Agricultural Spray Oils Surfactants for UCO Process Product in Citrus Spray Oils General Spray Oil Dosage YUBASE-4, wt% 99.35 balance Emulsifier Package, wt% 0.65 1 ~ 3 Nonylphenoxypolyetoxy ethanol 1-Decanol 1-Octanol
  18. 18. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Agricultural Spray Oils Field Test Results of UCO Process Product based Spray Oil Spray Oil Chemical Pesticide Test Field Northern Cheju Island, Korea Applying Plants 9 Trees of Citrus Fruit Target Pests Mites (Panonychus Citri) Spraying Pesticides 1% Emulsion 0.2% Tebufenpyrad % Mortality @ 3days after spraying 93.8 100 @ 7days after spraying 98.7 100 @14days after spraying 99.4 99.7 @21days after spraying 99.4 99.5 Phytotoxicity none - in 2%Emulsion Spraying
  19. 19. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation White Oils Test Results of UCO Process Product as White Oils PHAZOL-3 PHAZOL-4 PHAZOL-6 General Criteria Viscosity @40'C, cSt 12.3 19.1 32.5 Sulfur, ppm <1 <1 <1 <1 UV Absorbance, DMSO @260~350nm 0.018 0.020 0.021 <0.100 Readily Carbonizable pass pass pass pass Substance
  20. 20. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation White Oils Property Comparison of 70N Grade White Oils for Cosmetics PHAZOL-3 Conventional Remark Feedstock - Lube Hydrocracking Base Oils Yield Test by 3% Oleum Acid Treating, vol% - 89 + 5% EtOH Composition Analysis Paraffins, wt% 41.7 30.6 ASTM D2549 Naphthenes, wt% 58.3 69.4 and D2786 Aromatics Trace Trace GC-Mass Analysis Below C18, vol% 1.0 3.4 Spike Peak Spike Peak in GC Graph. None Detected n-Paraffins
  21. 21. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation
  22. 22. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation
  23. 23. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Coning Oils Surfactants for UCO Process Product in Coning Oils Coning Oil YUBASE-3, wt% 92.0 Emulsifier Package, wt% 8.0 Polyoxyethylene oleyl ether Sorbitan monooleate Phosphate ester Etoxylated nonyl-phenol Oleic acid
  24. 24. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Coning Oils Property Comparison of UCO Process Product based and Conventional Base OiIs based Coning Oils YUBASE-3 based Convent’l (A) Convent’l (B) Appearance of Emulsion Milky White Yellowish Milky White Emulsion Stability (1) Light Emulsion, % - 90 - Clear Emulsion,% 100 8 100 Oil Layer, % - 2 - Evaporation Loss, wt% 4.0 13.7 13.0 Note (1) : Stability of 10% Solution in Tap Water, after 24hrs
  25. 25. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Transformer Oils Property Comparison of UCO Process Product based and Conventional Base OiIs based Transformer Oils Hydrotreated YUBASE-L3 Naphthene Paraffin Oil Viscosity @40℃, cSt 12.1 11.7 8.4 Flash Point, PMCC, ℃ 194 136 144 Pour point, ℃ -42 -33 -21 Copper Corrosion @100℃/3hrs 1-a 2-a 1-b Dissipation Factor, % 0.03 <0.001 0.002 Impulse Breakdown Voltage, 77.5 48 90 Point/Sphere @3.2mm, kV Gassing Tendency +31 -19 -4 @8KV/50℃, ?l/min Oxidation Stability @125℃/75Hrs 0.19 0.20 0.38 TAN, mgKOH/g
  26. 26. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation Transformer Oils Improving Gassing Tendency Performance of UCO Process Product based Transformer Oils YU-L3 + C13 Aro. Compound (1) YUBASE-L3 1% C13 2% C13 3% C13 Gassing Tendency +31 -23 -26 -29 @8KV/50℃, ?l/min Note (1) : C13 Aro. Compound is Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixture of Carbon No.10 ~ 13 with Two Benzene Ring.
  27. 27. Applications of UCO Process Product in Specialties SK Corporation •Increasing their Applications to Industrial Lubricating Oils and Specialties. •Expected Limitation of Applications in Specialty Lubricant Areas - Lack of Dissolving Ability by More Paraffinic Nature •Can be Solved by Careful Selection of Additives and/or Formulation with Adequate Aromatic Compounds •Provide Various Advantages over Conventional Base Oils based Specialty Lubricants Summary

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