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Mesin Diesel Toyota tipe 2 KD FTV 14

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Spesifikasi Mesin Toyota Kijang Diesel

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Mesin Diesel Toyota tipe 2 KD FTV 14

  1. 1. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Contents Click a Section Tab
  2. 2. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Overall Engine Proper Valve Mechanism Lubrication System Intake and Exhaust System Common-rail System Fuel System Charging System Serpentine Belt Drive System Engine Control System
  3. 3. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Overall 1KD-FTV / 2KD-FTV – TOYOTA D-4D, 3.0 / 2.5 liter, in-line 4-cylinder, 16 valve DOHC with turbocharged diesel engine 1KD-FTV 2KD-FTV
  4. 4. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Overall 1KD-FTV / 2KD-FTV Specifications Item 1KD-FTV (HILUX, FORTUNER) 2KD-FTV (HILUX, FORTUNER, INNOVA) No. of Cylinders & Arrangement 4-Cylinder, In-line ← Valve Mechanism 16-Valve DOHC, Belt & Gear Drive ← Fuel System Common-Rail Type ← Intercooler With Without / With *2 Displacement cm3 (cu. in.) 2,982 (182.0) 2,492 (152.2) Bore x Stroke mm (in.) 96.0 x 103.0 (3.78 x 4.06) 92.0 x 93.8 (3.62 x 3.69) Compression Ratio 18.4 18.5 Max. Output kW @ rpm 120 @ 3,400 75 @ 3,600 88 @ 3,600 *2 Max. Torque N·m @ rpm 343 @1,400 ~ 3,200 200 @ 1,400 ~ 3,200 260 @ 1,600 ~ 2,400 *1 320 @ 2,000 *2 *1: 2KD-FTV High Version *2: 2KD-FTV High Version (HILUX for Thai only)
  5. 5. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Overall Features – Engine compartment Fuel Filter •Fuel filter warning (clogging detection) •Element replacing type SLLC Rotary Solenoid Type Diesel Throttle VN Type Turbocharger (1KD only) Photo: 1KD-FTV
  6. 6. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Overall Features – Under floor Fuel Cooler (with intercooler model only) Front
  7. 7. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Valve Mechanism Timing Belt – Maintenance interval: replace at every 150,000 km Timing Belt Automatic Belt Tensioner Camshaft Timing Pulley No. 2 Camshaft Timing Pulley No. 1 Oil Pump Drive Gear Crankshaft Timing Gear Supply Pump Drive Gear Idle Gear Vacuum Pump Drive Gear
  8. 8. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Lubrication System Lubrication System – Overall • Lubrication is fully pressurized and all oil passes through an oil cooler and oil filter Oil Cooler Oil Filter
  9. 9. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Intake Shutter Valve – Rotary solenoid type intake shutter valve is used to improve EGR performance Engine Condition Valve Position Purpose Starting Full Open Reduced Diesel Smoke Running Small - Full Open Controls EGR amount Stop Full Close Reduced noise and vibration Rotary Solenoid type Motor Intake Shutter Valve Position Sensor Intake Shutter Valve Air flow
  10. 10. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Intake Shutter Valve – Construction Hall IC Magnet Magnet Steel Layer Magnet Intake Shutter Valve Position Sensor Rotary Solenoid Type Motor
  11. 11. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Intake Manifold – Two intake port with different shape from intake manifold to cylinder head • For swirl optimizing in cylinder
  12. 12. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Swirl Control Valve (1KD only) – Swirl control valve is provided to realize clean emission Swirl Control Valve Intake Manifold Actuator VSV for SCV 1KD-FTV only
  13. 13. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical At low engine speed, SCV is closed to strengthen the swirl At low engine speed, SCV is closed to strengthen the swirl Intake and Exhaust System Swirl Control Valve (1KD only) – Operation Actuator Intake Air VSV Vacuum Pump Engine ECU Accelerator Pedal Opening Engine Speed ON / OFF
  14. 14. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Nozzle Vane is driven by DC motor DC Motor Link Turbine Wheel Full- Close Stopper Motor Rod Nozzle Vane Position Sensor
  15. 15. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Construction DC Motor Link Nozzle Vane Turbine Wheel Motor Rod Nozzle Vane Position Sensor Full- Close Stopper Intake Air Reduction Gears Exhaust Gas
  16. 16. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Construction Drive Arm Unison Ring Driven Arm Turbine Wheel Full-Close Stopper Link Motor Rod Nozzle Vane Gas Flow
  17. 17. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Feedback Control Nozzle Vane Position Turbo Motor Driver Target Angle Control StatusEngine ECU Turbo Pressure Sensor Atmospheric Temp. Sensor Atmospheric Pressure Sensor Water Temp. Sensor Injector (EDU) Crankshaft Position Sensor DC Motor Nozzle Vane Position Sensor Control
  18. 18. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Zero point calibration IG OFF → ON IG ON → OFF After the engine start Close Open Motor Rod Full-Close Stopper 0 Link 0 Link is bumped to full-close stopper Link is bumped to full-close stopper Zero point calibration Zero point calibration Nozzle vane is controlled based on the zero point Nozzle vane is controlled based on the zero point
  19. 19. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Operation movie Click! Movie
  20. 20. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Turbocharger (2KD only) – Light weight, compact and high performance turbocharger Waste Gate Valve Actuator for Waste Gate Valve
  21. 21. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Intercooler – Intake air is cooled in intercooler to increase the air density Turbocharger Thermal Expansion Contraction Increase oxygen densityOxygen
  22. 22. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Intake and Exhaust System Intercooler – Intake air is cooled in intercooler to increase the air density
  23. 23. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System General Fuel Pressure Sensor EDU Pressure Limiter Supply Pump SCV Engine ECU Fuel Tank Injector NE Signal G Signal Various Signals Common-rail Fuel Cooler Pressure Switch Fuel Filter Fuel System Warning Light Other Injectors
  24. 24. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Features Fuel Pressure Sensor EDU Pressure Limiter Supply Pump SCV Engine ECU Fuel Tank Injector NE Signal G Signal Various Signals Common-rail Fuel Cooler Pressure Switch Fuel Filter Fuel System Warning Light Other Injectors Max. 160MPaMax. 160MPa HP3 Type Supply Pump HP3 Type Supply Pump Warning light for fuel filter clogging and fuel sedimenter Warning light for fuel filter clogging and fuel sedimenter Injector compensation code Injector compensation code Element replacement type Element replacement type Detects filter clogging Detects filter clogging Fuel cooler cools return fuel Fuel cooler cools return fuel
  25. 25. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System General – This system realize high injection pressure in all speed range of the engine Fuel Pressure Sensor Pressure Limiter Engine ECU Fuel Tank NE Signal G Signal Various Signals SCV Supply Pump (Generates high-pressure fuel) Common-rail Injector (Injects high-pressure fuel) EDU (Operates injector at high-speed) : High-pressure (Max. 160 MPa) (Stores high-pressure fuel)
  26. 26. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System System Outline System Common-rail Diesel Conventional Diesel Injection Volume Control ECU (Injector) Pump (Governor) Injection Timing Control ECU (Injector) Pump (Timer) Injection Pressure Control Supply Pump (SCV) According to rotational speed and injection quantity Pressurization Supply Pump Pump Distribution Common-rail Pump Injection Pressure Max. 160 MPa Approx. 15 MPa Pressure Sensor Constant high pressure ECU SCV Supply Pump Common-rail Injector Instantaneously high pressure Timer Governor Pump Injection Nozzle
  27. 27. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Location Common-rail •Fuel Pressure Sensor •Pressure LimiterSupply Pump •SCV (Suction Control Valve) •Fuel Temp. Sensor Injector Engine Front Injection Pipe Fuel Inlet Pipe
  28. 28. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Supplies the high pressure fuel to the common-rail – Driven by crankshaft From Fuel Filter (Inlet) To Common-rail (Outlet) To Fuel Tank (Return) SCV (Suction Control Valve)
  29. 29. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Construction Plunger Feed Pump Delivery Valve SCV (Suction Control Valve) Fuel Temp. Sensor Check Valve Eccentric and Ring Cam
  30. 30. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Construction Ring Cam Plunger Eccentric Cam To fuel tank (return)
  31. 31. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel flow From fuel tank To common-rail
  32. 32. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel flow (reference) Click! Movie
  33. 33. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Suction and pumping operation SCV : From Feed Pump : To Common-rail Plunger A: Suction Plunger B: Pumping Plunger A: Pumping Plunger B: Suction Plunger A Plunger B Check Valve
  34. 34. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Suction and pumping operation Click! Movie
  35. 35. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel control operation (SCV opening small) Fuel Pumping Mass
  36. 36. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel control operation (SCV opening large) Fuel Pumping Mass
  37. 37. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel control operation (SCV opening small) Click! Movie
  38. 38. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – Fuel control operation (SCV opening large) Click! Movie
  39. 39. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Supply Pump – The SCV opening regulates the pumping volume to control fuel pressure Controls SCV opening Common-rail pressure (Feedback) Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor SCV Fuel Pressure Sensor Crankshaft Position Sensor Engine ECU Calculation of target injection pressure Calculation of target injection pressure [Fuel Pressure Control]
  40. 40. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Common-rail – Stores high-pressure fuel (Max. 160 MPa) produced by supply pump From Supply Pump To Injector To Fuel Tank Fuel Pressure Sensor Pressure Limiter Common-rail
  41. 41. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Common-rail – Fuel pressure sensor • Detects the internal fuel pressure of common-rail Common-rail Pressure 0 190 1.0 4.04 Common-rail Pressure (MPa) OutputVoltage(V) Output characteristic Sensor Tip 90 2.44
  42. 42. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Injector – High pressure injection for higher atomization Injector Compensation Code From Common-rail Return to Fuel Tank ∅0.14 mm
  43. 43. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Injector – Construction Nozzle Needle Piston Solenoid Coil Return to Fuel Tank From Common-rail Nozzle Spring
  44. 44. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Injector – Controlled by engine ECU signal Solenoid Solenoid TWV Return From Common-rail Large Orifice Small Orifice Click! Movie
  45. 45. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Injector – Pilot injection reduces NOx and engine noise TDCTDC Pilot Injection Control Conventional Injection Control Pilot Main Heat Release Value Injection Volume NOx and engine noise
  46. 46. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Injector – Pilot injection reduces NOx and engine noise
  47. 47. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System EDU (Electronic Driver Unit) – Drive the injectors at high speed Engine ECU EDU Injector High Voltage DC / DC Converter DC / DC Converter Command Pulse Confirmation Pulse Battery IJT #1-4 IJF Control Circuit Control Circuit High-speed operation
  48. 48. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fail-safeDetection Condition Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Trouble Area P0087 (49) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too Low •Open or short in fuel pressure sensor circuit •Fuel pressure sensor •Engine ECU P0088 (78) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too High •Short in supply pump (SCV) circuit •Supply pump (SCV) •Engine ECU P0093 (78) Fuel System Leak Detected - Large Leak •High pressure fuel line •Open or short in EDU circuit •Open or short in injector circuit •Supply pump •Common-rail •Injectors •EDU •Engine ECU P0190 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction • Open or short in fuel pressure sensor circuit •Fuel pressure sensor •Engine ECU P0192 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input P0193 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input Trouble Area
  49. 49. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Detection Condition P0087 (49) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too Low Fuel pressure sensor output voltage stays at fixed value P0088 (78) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too High Fuel pressure exceeds predetermined value P0093 (78) Fuel System Leak Detected - Large Leak Difference of common-rail pressure before and after fuel injection varies greatly from difference of value that engine ECU calculates before and after injection P0190 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction Fuel pressure sensor output voltage is 0.55V or less, or 4.9V or more for 0.5 sec. P0192 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input Fuel pressure sensor output voltage is 0.55V or less for 0.5 sec. P0193 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input Fuel pressure sensor output voltage is 4.9V or more for 0.5 sec. 1 trip detection logic for all DTC Detection Condition Fail-safeTrouble Area
  50. 50. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Fail-safe P0087 (49) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too Low Limits engine power P0088 (78) Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Too High P0093 (78) Fuel System Leak Detected - Large Leak Limits engine power for 1 min., and then stops the engine P0190 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction Limits engine power P0192 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input P0193 (49) Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input Trouble Area Fail-safeDetection Condition
  51. 51. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Trouble Area P0200 (97) Injector Circuit / Open •Open or short in EDU circuit •EDU •Injector •Engine ECU P0627 (78) Fuel Pump Control Circuit / Open •Open or short in (SCV) circuit •SCV •Engine ECU P1229 (78) Fuel Pump System •Short in supply pump (SCV) circuit •Supply pump (SCV) •Engine ECU P1601 (89) Injector Correction Circuit Malfunction (EEPROM) •Injector compensation code •Engine ECU Fail-safeTrouble Area Detection Condition
  52. 52. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Detection Condition P0200 (97) Injector Circuit / Open Open or short in EDU or injector circuit. After engine is started, there is no injection confirmation (IJF) signal from EDU, despite engine ECU sending injection command (IJT) signal to EDU P0627 (78) Fuel Pump Control Circuit / Open Open or short in suction control valve circuit for more than 0.5 sec. P1229 (78) Fuel Pump System Fuel over-feed: Fuel pressure continues exceeding target fuel pressure despite engine ECU closing SCV P1601 (89) Injector Correction Circuit Malfunction (EEPROM) Injector compensation code is not registered 1 trip detection logic for all DTC Detection ConditionTrouble Area Fail-safe
  53. 53. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Diagnosis – DTCs for common-rail system DTC No. Detection Item Fail-safe P0200 (97) Injector Circuit / Open Limits engine powerP0627 (78) Fuel Pump Control Circuit / Open P1229 (78) Fuel Pump System P1601 (89) Injector Correction Circuit Malfunction (EEPROM) - Fail-safeDetection ConditionTrouble Area
  54. 54. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Common-rail System Service Point for Common-rail System – Supply pump initialization and calibration – Common-rail replacement – Reprogramming of injector compensation code – Replace a new parts – Replace a new pipe – Check fuel leak (Leakage Pipe No.1 / Fuel System) – Power Balance Check
  55. 55. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Filter – Replace fuel filter element only Fuel Filter Warning Switch From Fuel Tank To Supply Pump Priming Pump Filter Housing (Plastic) Fastener Nut Drain Cock Filter Element
  56. 56. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Filter – Construction Filter Element Fuel Filter Warning Switch From Fuel Tank To Supply Pump Priming Pump Fuel Sedimenter Level Warning Switch Filter Housing (Plastic) Fastener Nut
  57. 57. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Warning System – Fuel filter clogging is detected by fuel filter warning switch Combination Meter Fuel Filter Warning Switch Fuel System Warning Light Fuel Filter - Fuel Filter Maintenance Interval - Fuel system warning light has been illuminated Cloggin g
  58. 58. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Warning System – System Diagram Combination Meter Fuel Filter Warning Switch Meter ECU Filter Element Fuel System Warning Light To Supply Pump Vehicle Speed Sensor Fuel Sedimenter Level Warning SwitchFuel Filter
  59. 59. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Warning System – Fuel filter warning switch turns OFF when the filter outlet pressure decreases Fuel Filter Warning Switch To Supply Pump Filter Element Normal Fuel Filter (Switch: ON) Fuel Filter Clogged Up (Switch: OFF) Diaphragm ON Meter ECU Fuel Filter Warning Switch To Supply Pump OFF Meter ECU Negative Pressure
  60. 60. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Warning System – Warning light condition for fuel filter / fuel sedimenter Warning Warning Method Priority Sedimenter Warning Blink 1 Fuel Filter Warning ON 2
  61. 61. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Fuel System Fuel Warning System – Detection conditions OFF for 10 min. or more OFF for 10 min. or more OFF is detected for 2 times during 1 trip OFF is detected for 2 times during 1 trip After the driving for 30 min. or moreAfter the driving for 30 min. or more The warning light keeps ON until the reset operation is done Fuel Filter Warning Switch Condition or
  62. 62. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Charging System Alternator Pulley • In order to absorb a engine fluctuation, one-way clutch was adopted in the pulley RollerSpring
  63. 63. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Charging System Alternator Pulley – Engine fluctuation absorbing mechanism Engine Fluctuation Alternator Pulley Speed Crankshaft Pulley Speed PulleySpeed(rpm) Time One-way Clutch Locked One-way Clutch Free
  64. 64. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Serpentine Belt Drive System Serpentine Belt Drive – Single V-ribbed belt Alternator Pulley with Shock Absorbing Function Water Pump Pulley Air Conditioner Compressor Pulley Idler Pulley for Automatic Tensioner Idler Pulley Idler Pulley Crankshaft Pulley
  65. 65. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Control System Oil Maintenance Management System – This system determines the deterioration conditions of the engine oil
  66. 66. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Control System Oil Maintenance Management System – System diagram and general operation Soot Volume ODO / TRIP Switch Engine ECU Engine Oil Change Reminder Light •Engine Speed •Injection Volume •Injection Timing •A/F Ratio •Engine Speed •Injection Volume •Injection Timing •A/F Ratio Meter ECU Vehicle Speed Blink or ON Soot Volume Calculation Soot Volume Calculation
  67. 67. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Control System Oil Maintenance Management System – Soot calculating logic A/F Ratio Injection End Timing Soot Volume Rich Lean Retard Advance
  68. 68. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Engine Control System Oil Maintenance Management System – Engine oil change reminder light operation Condition Engine Oil Change Reminder Light Mileage = 35,000 km ~ 40,000 km or Specified Soot Volume A Mileage = 40,000 km or more or Specified Soot Volume B
  69. 69. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical
  70. 70. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Intake Shutter Valve – Intake shutter valve position sensor Intake Shutter Valve Opening Angle (°) OutputVoltage(V) 0 Engine ECU VC VLU Hall IC Magnet E2 0 (Full Close) 70 (Full Open) Intake Shutter Valve Position Sensor 1 5 0.71 20 100 3.51
  71. 71. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Variable Nozzle Vane Type Turbocharger (1KD only) – Nozzle Vane Position Sensor • Non-contact type position sensor 0-55 55 0.5 2.5 4.5 Sensor shaft rotation angle (°) OutputVoltage(V) Output characteristic of main, sub sensor VN Close VN Open -55 ° 55 ° Hall ICs Magnets Cross-section 0 °
  72. 72. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Fuel Cooler – A fuel cooler cools the return fuel – It is used on the model equipped with an intercooler From Supply Pump / Injector To Fuel Tank Fuel Cooler (Aluminum) Front
  73. 73. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Fuel Cooler – Construction From Supply Pump / Injector To Fuel Tank Cross Section Fin
  74. 74. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Accelerator Pedal – Non-contact type accelerator pedal position sensor is used Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor
  75. 75. Model Outline KD Series Engine Chassis Body Body Electrical Reference Accelerator Pedal – Using magnet and hall IC Accelerator Pedal Depressed Angle Full OpenFull Close VPA1 VPA2 OutputVoltage(V) 0 5 VCP1 VCP2 VPA2 VPA1 Hall IC Magnets EP1 EP2 Engine ECU Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor

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