Angel of mercy


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Angel of mercy

  1. 1. Emma McAlpine<br />The Angel of Mercy<br />
  2. 2. Florence Nightingale<br />
  3. 3. Before she was famous...<br />Born in 12 May 1820 in Florence, Italy<br />Died 13 August 1910<br />Privileged upbringing, well educated<br />Persuaded her family to let her train as a nurse as she believed it was her calling from God who ‘spoke to’ her not long before her 17th birthday, and “called [her] to His service”<br />
  4. 4. Career beginnings<br />Nightingale worked hard to become a nurse; against the expectation of her – to become a wife and a mother <br />She struggled to study arts and sciences against the restrictive societal code for affluent English women<br />
  5. 5. Personal Life<br />Proposed to by politician and poet Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton <br />Declined to focus on nursing<br />
  6. 6. Nursing<br />Father gave her £500 a year to live<br />Appointed to look after nurses in Turkey by Minister of War, Sidney Herbert – the two became life-long friends (although she was accused of ‘hastening his death’ in 1861)<br />Arrived at Scutari in November 1854 – stationed a few hundred miles from the front line<br />
  7. 7. In the Crimea<br />Wrote of disgusting conditions, poor hygiene and supplies<br />Credited with improving medical sanitation <br />However some argued, at the time, that things were improving when she arrived, or weren’t as bad as Nightingale made out<br />
  8. 8. Return to England<br />On return to England in 1856, she disappeared from the public eye – probably due to post-traumatic stress and dealing with what she had seen<br />Wrote a book ‘Notes for Nursing’ and established the Nightingale Training School in 1869<br />
  9. 9. Legacy<br />Nursing a respectable female occupation<br />Lady with the Lamp<br />‘Nightingale Pledge’ made by Nurses<br />12 May is International Nurses Day<br />‘Florence Nightingale Syndrome’<br />Suggestions for Thought’<br />
  10. 10. Legacy<br />Statue in Waterloo Place, Westminster<br />House now a National Trust museum<br />Films have been made about her since 1912<br />Objected to photographs, there are a few rare ones<br />Invented the Pie Chart (Seriously. I know!!) <br />
  11. 11. Mary Seacole<br />
  12. 12. Born in 1805 in Kingston, Jamaica <br />Died on 14 May 1881<br />Father – white Scottish officer<br />Mother – free Creole woman and a ‘Doctress’<br />Proud of her Scottish heritage<br />Referred to herself often as a ‘Creole’ which generally meant ‘racially neutral’ or refers to the children of white settlers<br />
  13. 13. Seacole live with an elderly woman for a few years, whom she called her "kind patroness”<br />She was treated as a member of her patroness's family and received a good education<br /> As an educated daughter of a Scottish officer and a free black woman with a respectable business, shewould have held a high position in Jamaican society<br />
  14. 14. Personal Life<br />Married Edwin Horatio Hamilton Seacole in Kingston, 10 November 1836<br />She describes her entire marriage in nine lines near the beginning of her autobiography<br />Husband died in October 1844, and her mother passed away shortly after<br />Seacole records an American giving a speech at a dinner in which he praised Seacole, and said that "she's so many shades removed from being entirely black”<br /> He went on to say that "if we could bleach her by any means we would... and thus make her acceptable in any company as she deserves to be”<br />Seacole was livid and replied that she would have been just as happy to have a complexion "as dark as any", and wishedfor "the general reformation of American manners"<br />
  15. 15. The Crimea<br />Seacoleapplied in various ways to join the medical forces in the Crimea, but was consistently refused<br />Records show other black women suffered similar results<br />Seacoledecided to travel to Crimea under her own steam to open the British Hotel. <br />She printed business cards were printed and sent to announce her intention to open "a mess-table and comfortable quarters for sick and convalescent officers”. Her friend Thomas Day turned up in London and joined her.<br />
  16. 16. The Crimea<br />Seacole built the British Hotel from iron sheets, wood and packing cases from the nearby village of Kamara<br />Florence Nightingale subtly disapproved of Seacole’sgiving the soldiers alcohol and opening the hotel to tourist, suggesting it was “little more than a brothel”<br />However, Nightingale did later acknowledge the good Seacole did; she was an anonymous donor to the Seacole Testimonial Fund following Seacole’s return to England<br />
  17. 17. Who was the real Angel of Mercy?<br />Nightingale’s legacy means she likely had the most impact on modern nursing – plus she invented the pie-chart.<br />However I think Seacole’s display of going above and beyond expectation shows her as the ‘true’ Angel of Mercy<br />