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PEOPLE, TECHNOLOGY
 AND ALLUVIAL FLOOD
PLAINS OF NORTH BIHAR




    meghpyneabhiyan.wordpress.com
     meghpyneabhiyan@gmail.com
Gramyasheel,                              Kosi Seva Sadan,
      Supaul                                    Saharsa




                  Megh Pyne Abhiyan (Cloud
                    Water Campaign) and
                     Resource Groups




 Water Action,                                  Samta,
West Champaran
                                               Khagaria
                     Ghoghardiha
                      Prakhand
                     Swarjya Vikas
                       Sangh,
                      Madhubani




    A Functional Network cum Organization
x
Floods of (North) Bihar
       * 103 million people and a population density of 1,102 persons per square
                            kilometer/ 53.3 thousand sq km

Floods affect about 73 per cent of Bihar’s total area. Almost 7 million
            hectares (ha) are at risk of flooding each year

    41 per cent of cropped area gets frequently affected by floods

 806,000 hectares (ha) of land (roughly 15 per cent of the region) in
          north Bihar remains permanently waterlogged


   2004 - 21 million        2007 - 25 million people;      2008 - 3.3 million people;
                             1.6 million hectares of         5 districts; 3.3 million
                                 standing crops              population; Estimated
                             destroyed; .73 million        value of total damage 36.4
                               houses destroyed;                  million INR
                              Approximately 1000
                                 human deaths
COMPLEX MAZE
  Absolute water illiteracy amongst ‘proponents’ regarding the
           different characters of water during floods

   Concept of safe access to drinking water overpowered by the
                       ‘abundance’ factor

 Unquestionable belief with regard to the present drinking water
 practice, which is being strategically promoted as the single ‘all
                       solution technology’

  Claims and perceived ‘ancillary benefits’ of the ‘technology’
 gaining control over the minds, thereby eliminating alternatives
                  (discourses and technologies)

Institutionalization of elite ‘water’ group on the basis of individual
                accessibility and related social status
Issue concerning water and sanitation in north
  Bihar have wide-ranging and multiple
consequences which destabilizes the local
              economy
As per the National Rural Drinking Water Program's (NRDWP)
information pertaining to rural drinking water supply in Bihar, 80 per
    cent of the sources developed under the scheme are based on
          groundwater tapped by handpumps or bore wells

 Bihar has reported a total of 107,642 rural habitations out of which
28,712 are under not covered category 45,242 under partially covered
                  and 33,688 under fully covered
          National Rural Drinking Water Program's (NRDWP) information pertaining to rural drinking water su
  Out of a total of 107,642 habitations 34,909 habitations (32.4 per

          Bihar, 80 per cent of the sources developed under the scheme are based on groundwater tapped by handp
                cent) has access to contaminated water


          bore wells
WATER TESTING
The percentage coverage of Individual Household Latrines
(IHHL) for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families is 52.50 per
                           cent

   The coverage of IHHL for Above Poverty Line (APL)
                families is 20.57 per cent

  The total IHHL coverage is estimated at 38.30 per cent

 As per latest figures, 77.31 per cent of government schools
and 22.28 per cent of anganwadi have sanitation facilities in
                             Bihar

   68.93 lakh households are yet to be covered under the
               ongoing government schemes
Learnings
        Enhance knowledge base in context of local
      FLOOD ADAPTABILITY AND COMPROMISES

To understand alternative , innovative development model of self
   sustainability for areas where the development processes are
    largely manipulated and controlled by short term relief and
                 rehabilitation measures, etc , etc…

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People, Technology and Alluvial Flood Plains of North Bihar

  • 1. PEOPLE, TECHNOLOGY AND ALLUVIAL FLOOD PLAINS OF NORTH BIHAR meghpyneabhiyan.wordpress.com meghpyneabhiyan@gmail.com
  • 2.
  • 3. Gramyasheel, Kosi Seva Sadan, Supaul Saharsa Megh Pyne Abhiyan (Cloud Water Campaign) and Resource Groups Water Action, Samta, West Champaran Khagaria Ghoghardiha Prakhand Swarjya Vikas Sangh, Madhubani A Functional Network cum Organization
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. x
  • 15.
  • 16. Floods of (North) Bihar * 103 million people and a population density of 1,102 persons per square kilometer/ 53.3 thousand sq km Floods affect about 73 per cent of Bihar’s total area. Almost 7 million hectares (ha) are at risk of flooding each year 41 per cent of cropped area gets frequently affected by floods 806,000 hectares (ha) of land (roughly 15 per cent of the region) in north Bihar remains permanently waterlogged 2004 - 21 million 2007 - 25 million people; 2008 - 3.3 million people; 1.6 million hectares of 5 districts; 3.3 million standing crops population; Estimated destroyed; .73 million value of total damage 36.4 houses destroyed; million INR Approximately 1000 human deaths
  • 17.
  • 18. COMPLEX MAZE Absolute water illiteracy amongst ‘proponents’ regarding the different characters of water during floods Concept of safe access to drinking water overpowered by the ‘abundance’ factor Unquestionable belief with regard to the present drinking water practice, which is being strategically promoted as the single ‘all solution technology’ Claims and perceived ‘ancillary benefits’ of the ‘technology’ gaining control over the minds, thereby eliminating alternatives (discourses and technologies) Institutionalization of elite ‘water’ group on the basis of individual accessibility and related social status
  • 19. Issue concerning water and sanitation in north Bihar have wide-ranging and multiple consequences which destabilizes the local economy
  • 20. As per the National Rural Drinking Water Program's (NRDWP) information pertaining to rural drinking water supply in Bihar, 80 per cent of the sources developed under the scheme are based on groundwater tapped by handpumps or bore wells Bihar has reported a total of 107,642 rural habitations out of which 28,712 are under not covered category 45,242 under partially covered and 33,688 under fully covered National Rural Drinking Water Program's (NRDWP) information pertaining to rural drinking water su Out of a total of 107,642 habitations 34,909 habitations (32.4 per Bihar, 80 per cent of the sources developed under the scheme are based on groundwater tapped by handp cent) has access to contaminated water bore wells
  • 21.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. The percentage coverage of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families is 52.50 per cent The coverage of IHHL for Above Poverty Line (APL) families is 20.57 per cent The total IHHL coverage is estimated at 38.30 per cent As per latest figures, 77.31 per cent of government schools and 22.28 per cent of anganwadi have sanitation facilities in Bihar 68.93 lakh households are yet to be covered under the ongoing government schemes
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29. Learnings Enhance knowledge base in context of local FLOOD ADAPTABILITY AND COMPROMISES To understand alternative , innovative development model of self sustainability for areas where the development processes are largely manipulated and controlled by short term relief and rehabilitation measures, etc , etc…