Social Impacts of New Technologies St Stephen’s College Uzhavoor
New Emerging Technologies <ul><li>Information Technology: ICET </li></ul><ul><li>Genomics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Reprod...
New Technologies  bring unprecedented new power to humanity with new ethical and social dilemmas
Social Impacts study: Challenges <ul><li>Knowledge Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence, Synergy and Integration </li><...
RADIO PERSONAL COMPUTER TELEVISION INTERNET 38 16 13 4 Technological Diffusion
Quantum Revolution Computer Revolution Genomic Revolution Three Pillars of Science Matter Mind Life Social Impacts Transis...
Information and Communication  Technology Computer Technology Communication Technology
ICT Revolution  Multimedia Computer Network Internet World Wide Web
High-level Goals of ICT <ul><li>Information Superhighway </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Explor...
<ul><li>Information Retrieval  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Superhighway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Tool  </l...
Internet is the technology that  brings people separated by space and time  together and  gives them  access to learning r...
Students not passive recipient of knowledge but  active participant  in the process of learning
 
 
ICT as Educational Tool <ul><li>New Teaching and Learning methods </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Assisted Learning </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Instruction Centered: Class Room  Model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indiv...
 
<ul><li>Education Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-Media  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compu...
Education: New Concepts <ul><li>Life long Learning : Perpetual Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Based -Self Directed </...
“  We have the technology today to enable virtually anyone who is not severely handicapped to  learn  anything anywhere an...
<ul><li>Digital Divide  </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Dehumanisation </li></ul><ul><li>C...
The Digital Divide IT “Haves” and IT “Have Nots” Information “Rich” and Information “Poor”
Accessibility to the Net <ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail Vouchers </li></...
IT and Education:Conceptual issues <ul><li>Dehumanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of shared Human Space </li></ul><ul><li>D...
“ Nowadays we are drowning in information but starving in knowledge” Text Images Sound Software JUNK Internet resources
 
 
New Developments <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Podocasting  </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2....
ICT the Role of Teachers Data Information Knowledge Wisdom
Free software Movement Richard Matthew Stallman Linus Torvalds
Free Software Movement FREEDOM TO KNOWLEDGE
Free Software <ul><li>Priced !!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Can copy and distribute </li></ul><ul><li>Can  modify </li></ul><ul><l...
Lawrence Lessig Creative Commons
R epercussions of the  P hilosophy <ul><li>Open Cola </li></ul><ul><li>Freely downloadable Textbooks, Journals </li></ul><...
public library of science
Information and Communication  Technology <ul><li>ICT as Tool </li></ul>
What is Genomics? Genome   of an organism is the whole hereditary information  of an organism that is encoded in the  DNA ...
Genomics Revolution Major Events
Human Genome Project
Message of Human Genome Project <ul><li>3. 2 Billion Nucleotide Base pairs </li></ul><ul><li>99.9% Bases same </li></ul>Hu...
Genomics Major Applications <ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture   </li></ul><ul><li>Industries </li></ul><ul><l...
Agriculture <ul><li>High yielding varieties of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, insect, resistant crops </li></ul><ul><li>...
Agriculture  Research <ul><li>Demand from Big Farmers, Agrochemical Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Threat to traditional prac...
 
<ul><li>Genetic Basis of Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacogenomics </li></ul><ul><li>...
Application in Health Care <ul><li>Post-natal, Pre-natal and Pre-implantation Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictive M...
Fears of Genomics <ul><li>Creating new combinations of genes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>alters evolution  </li></ul></ul><ul><l...
Nature Versus Nurture Genetic Profile Socio Economic and Political Conditions Environment: Life Style Genetic Determinism
Selective Abortions Insurance Employability Slippery Slope Genetic Privacy
Genetic Screening Phenyl Ketonuria Sickle Cell Anaemia
Patenting of Life Forms “ Human made invention”
Embryo Research <ul><li>Intrinsic value of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanctity of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moral status...
Biotechnology is big business
Corporate Convergence <ul><li>Agrochemical </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical </li></ul><ul><li>Life Science </li></ul><ul><...
Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights Human Dignity and the Human Genome <ul><li>Article 1: Human gen...
Genomic Research <ul><li>Informed Consent </li></ul><ul><li>Non appropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit sharing </li></ul>...
It is all too easy to put the technology cart before the basic priorities horse Subbiah Arunchalam:BMJ 319:1999 New Techno...
The Kerala Psyche <ul><li>“ Either”  “Or” Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Ludditism or Technological Fetishism </li></ul><ul><l...
Role of Academics <ul><li>New Technologies offers immense possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical, social , economic, poli...
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  • Access to learning resources Student initiative New Instructional Technologies
  • Context independent communication
  • Linus Benedict Torvalds born December 28 , 1969 in Helsinki , Finland ) is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel .
  • Lawrence Lessig (born June 3 , 1961 ) is an American academic. He is currently professor of law at Stanford Law School and founder of its Center for Internet and Society .Prior to joining Stanford he taught at the Harvard Law School , In 2002 , Lessig was awarded the FSF Award for the Advancement of Free Software from the Free Software Foundation (FSF), and on March 28 , 2004 he was elected to the FSF&apos;s Board of Directors [1] . Lessig is also a well-known critic of copyright term extensions. He proposed the concept of &amp;quot; Free Culture &amp;quot; [2] . He also supports free software and open spectrum [3] . He is founder and chairman of the Creative Commons and a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation .
  • Now one in 100150 babies born in the western world is conceived with IVF. Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards: July 25, 1978 5 th July , 1996: Cloning
  • John Sulston Nobel Prize in 2002 for Physiology and Medicine: or their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death
  • Leone Wexler suffered from the disease. Described by George Huntington. Autosomal Dominant inheritance. Milton Wexler established the Hereditary Disease Foundation Nancy Wexler worked on it. Duchene Muscular Dystrophy X Sex linked. MD Association of America
  • New technologies ktm sep 10

    1. 1. Social Impacts of New Technologies St Stephen’s College Uzhavoor
    2. 2. New Emerging Technologies <ul><li>Information Technology: ICET </li></ul><ul><li>Genomics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Reproductive Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stem Cell Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nanotechnology, Nanobiotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Science </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Robotics </li></ul>
    3. 3. New Technologies bring unprecedented new power to humanity with new ethical and social dilemmas
    4. 4. Social Impacts study: Challenges <ul><li>Knowledge Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence, Synergy and Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of Diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of Obsolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Mystification </li></ul>
    5. 5. RADIO PERSONAL COMPUTER TELEVISION INTERNET 38 16 13 4 Technological Diffusion
    6. 6. Quantum Revolution Computer Revolution Genomic Revolution Three Pillars of Science Matter Mind Life Social Impacts Transistor, Laser X Ray, Crystallography Reductionism Synergy
    7. 7. Information and Communication Technology Computer Technology Communication Technology
    8. 8. ICT Revolution Multimedia Computer Network Internet World Wide Web
    9. 9. High-level Goals of ICT <ul><li>Information Superhighway </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce: Entertainment </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Information Retrieval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Superhighway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul>ICT and Academics
    11. 11. Internet is the technology that brings people separated by space and time together and gives them access to learning resources from around the world
    12. 12. Students not passive recipient of knowledge but active participant in the process of learning
    13. 15. ICT as Educational Tool <ul><li>New Teaching and Learning methods </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Assisted Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Class Rooms </li></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>Instruction Centered: Class Room Model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Individualised Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Need Based Self Directed Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learner- Centred - Network Model </li></ul>Teaching- Learning: Paradigm Shift
    15. 18. <ul><li>Education Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-Media </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Simulation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Packaged Educational Materials </li></ul>Teaching- Learning: The Future Edutainment
    16. 19. Education: New Concepts <ul><li>Life long Learning : Perpetual Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Based -Self Directed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life long Employability </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Education </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Education </li></ul><ul><li>Border less Education </li></ul><ul><li>Any time any where education </li></ul>
    17. 20. “ We have the technology today to enable virtually anyone who is not severely handicapped to learn anything anywhere any time.” Lewis J Peretlman, Schools Out , 1993 IT and Education
    18. 21. <ul><li>Digital Divide </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Dehumanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation </li></ul>IT:Issues to be addressed
    19. 22. The Digital Divide IT “Haves” and IT “Have Nots” Information “Rich” and Information “Poor”
    20. 23. Accessibility to the Net <ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail Vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>High Bandwidth Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Local Content </li></ul>
    21. 24. IT and Education:Conceptual issues <ul><li>Dehumanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of shared Human Space </li></ul><ul><li>De contextualisation of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Lack practical wisdom and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Social Isolation, Loneliness and Depression </li></ul>
    22. 25. “ Nowadays we are drowning in information but starving in knowledge” Text Images Sound Software JUNK Internet resources
    23. 28. New Developments <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Podocasting </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>mLearning </li></ul><ul><li>E book reader </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul>
    24. 29. ICT the Role of Teachers Data Information Knowledge Wisdom
    25. 30. Free software Movement Richard Matthew Stallman Linus Torvalds
    26. 31. Free Software Movement FREEDOM TO KNOWLEDGE
    27. 32. Free Software <ul><li>Priced !!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Can copy and distribute </li></ul><ul><li>Can modify </li></ul><ul><li>Can sell modified version </li></ul>General Public License Copy Left
    28. 33. Lawrence Lessig Creative Commons
    29. 34. R epercussions of the P hilosophy <ul><li>Open Cola </li></ul><ul><li>Freely downloadable Textbooks, Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Open Access Initiative: Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian OA initiative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Open Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul>OPENING UP OF KNOWLEDGE
    30. 35. public library of science
    31. 36. Information and Communication Technology <ul><li>ICT as Tool </li></ul>
    32. 37. What is Genomics? Genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA Genomics is the study of an organism's Genome and the use of the genetic material
    33. 38. Genomics Revolution Major Events
    34. 39. Human Genome Project
    35. 40. Message of Human Genome Project <ul><li>3. 2 Billion Nucleotide Base pairs </li></ul><ul><li>99.9% Bases same </li></ul>Human beings are equal
    36. 41. Genomics Major Applications <ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul>
    37. 42. Agriculture <ul><li>High yielding varieties of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, insect, resistant crops </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritious food materials </li></ul><ul><li>Healthier, productive animals </li></ul><ul><li>Biopesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Bioremediation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depolluting Organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depolluting Plants </li></ul></ul>
    38. 43. Agriculture Research <ul><li>Demand from Big Farmers, Agrochemical Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Threat to traditional practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse and Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation of Traditional Varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Threat to Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security in Danger </li></ul><ul><li>Bio Piracy </li></ul><ul><li>Bt Cropts, GM Foods: Safety </li></ul>
    39. 45. <ul><li>Genetic Basis of Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacogenomics </li></ul><ul><li>Forensic Medicine </li></ul>Medical Applications
    40. 46. Application in Health Care <ul><li>Post-natal, Pre-natal and Pre-implantation Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictive Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pharmacogenomics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recombinant Drugs, Edible vaccines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designer drugs: Individualised Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Reproductive Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Gene Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Stem Cell Therapy: Therapeutic Cloning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerative Medicine </li></ul></ul>
    41. 47. Fears of Genomics <ul><li>Creating new combinations of genes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>alters evolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genetic Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>breaches fundamental species boundaries </li></ul></ul>ELSI Project
    42. 48. Nature Versus Nurture Genetic Profile Socio Economic and Political Conditions Environment: Life Style Genetic Determinism
    43. 49. Selective Abortions Insurance Employability Slippery Slope Genetic Privacy
    44. 50. Genetic Screening Phenyl Ketonuria Sickle Cell Anaemia
    45. 51. Patenting of Life Forms “ Human made invention”
    46. 52. Embryo Research <ul><li>Intrinsic value of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanctity of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moral status of Embryos </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict between different values, interests of different groups </li></ul>
    47. 53. Biotechnology is big business
    48. 54. Corporate Convergence <ul><li>Agrochemical </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical </li></ul><ul><li>Life Science </li></ul><ul><li>monsato, eli lilly, pfizer, novartis gsk </li></ul><ul><li>du pont </li></ul>Global Life Science Industry Biotech Market Place
    49. 55. Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights Human Dignity and the Human Genome <ul><li>Article 1: Human genome underlies fundamental unity of all members of the human family </li></ul><ul><li>Human Genome is the heritage of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Article 6 : No one shall be subjected to discrimination based on genetic characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Article 7 : Genetic data must be held confidential </li></ul>
    50. 56. Genomic Research <ul><li>Informed Consent </li></ul><ul><li>Non appropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Farmers rights </li></ul>
    51. 57. It is all too easy to put the technology cart before the basic priorities horse Subbiah Arunchalam:BMJ 319:1999 New Technologies: The Dilemma
    52. 58. The Kerala Psyche <ul><li>“ Either” “Or” Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Ludditism or Technological Fetishism </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Thinking !!!!!! </li></ul>
    53. 59. Role of Academics <ul><li>New Technologies offers immense possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical, social , economic, political, legal, impacts to be discussed </li></ul><ul><li>Multidisciplinary approach </li></ul><ul><li>IT and Genetic literacy </li></ul><ul><li>National and State Perspective </li></ul>
    54. 60. Thank you

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