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Plague And Hundred Years War


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Plague And Hundred Years War

  1. 1. A Time of Crisis Mid 1300s
  2. 2. The Black Death 1347 - 1351
  3. 3. The Famine of 1315-1317 <ul><li>Climate changes in Europe produced three years of crop failures </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread famine and starvation </li></ul><ul><li>One consequence of starvation & poverty was susceptibility to disease. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Culprits <ul><li>The Plague </li></ul><ul><li>Also called Black Death or the Bubonic Plague </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Disease Cycle Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria. Flea’s gut clogged with bacteria. Bacteria multiply in flea’s gut. Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound. Human is infected!
  6. 6. <ul><li>1 st case in Europe was in Genoa, Italy in 1348 </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Symptoms <ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Rash </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen lymph nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Blisters at flea bite </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty breathing </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Symptoms Bulbous Septicemia Form: almost 100% mortality rate.
  9. 9. Medieval Art & the Plague
  10. 10. From the Toggenburg Bible , 1411 Medieval Art & the Plague
  11. 11. Medieval Art & the Plague Bring out your dead!
  12. 12. Medieval Art & the Plague An obsession with death .
  13. 13. Death Triumphant !: A Major Artistic Theme
  14. 14. The Danse Macabre
  15. 15. <ul><li>“ Ring around the Rosie, Pocket full of posies, Ashes, Ashes, We all fall down </li></ul>
  16. 16. Attempts to Stop the Plague A Doctor’s Robe “ Leeching”
  17. 17. Lancing a Buboe
  18. 18. Attempts to Stop the Plague Flagellanti: Self-inflicted “penance” for our sins!
  19. 19. Attempts to Stop the Plague Pograms (riots) against the Jews “ Jew” hat “ Golden Circle” obligatory badge
  20. 21. The Mortality Rate 1 in 3 died 25% to 33% 50 - 75 million dead !!!
  21. 22. Hundred Years War
  22. 23. <ul><li>Series of Conflicts between England and France from 1337 – 1453 </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: economics and national pride </li></ul>Hundred Years War
  23. 24. Joan of Arc <ul><li>French peasant girl, believed God meant her to save France </li></ul><ul><li>She and the army defeated the English in several battles </li></ul>
  24. 25. Joan of Arc <ul><li>Captured by the English and burned at the stake </li></ul><ul><li>French declared her a saint </li></ul><ul><li>Her death rallied the French </li></ul>
  25. 26. New Weapons <ul><li>Longbow could pierce armor </li></ul><ul><li>Cannon </li></ul>
  26. 27. Effects <ul><li>England lost control of most of its territory to France </li></ul><ul><li>Castles and knights doomed to disappear because of the new weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in strong monarchs with hired soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Trade continued to grow </li></ul>
  27. 28. Starter 11/21 <ul><li>Write in planner. </li></ul><ul><li>In today’s box, tell me who the Muslim leader was that successfully recaptured Jerusalem in the 3 rd Crusade. </li></ul><ul><li>Clear your desk except for pen/pencil . </li></ul>