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Polygons powerpoint


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Polygons powerpoint

  1. 1. Welcome to the World of Polygons!
  2. 2. Polygons <ul><li>The word polygon means “many angles” </li></ul><ul><li>A two dimensional object </li></ul><ul><li>A closed figure </li></ul>
  3. 3. More about Polygons <ul><li>Made up of three or more straight line segments </li></ul><ul><li>There are exactly two sides that meet at a vertex </li></ul><ul><li>The sides do not cross each other </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of Polygons
  5. 5. These are not Polygons
  6. 6. Terms: Side: One of the line segments that make up a polygon. Vertex: point where two sides meet.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Regular Polygon: a polygon where all the angles are equal and all of the sides are the same length. They are both equilateral and equiangular </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of Regular Polygons
  9. 9. Types of Polygons
  10. 10. Triangle <ul><li>A triangle has three sides. </li></ul>1 2 3
  11. 11. Everyday triangles…
  12. 12. There are several types of triangles
  13. 13. <ul><li>Isosceles Triangles have 2 equal sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Equilateral Triangles have 3 equal sides </li></ul><ul><li>Scalene Triangles have no equal sides </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Acute triangles have 3 acute angles </li></ul><ul><li>Obtuse triangles have 1 obtuse angle </li></ul><ul><li>Right triangles have 1 right angle </li></ul>
  15. 15. Quadrilateral <ul><li>A quadrilateral has four sides. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Square <ul><li>Squares have 4 equal parallel sides and 4 right angles. </li></ul><ul><li>Squares are regular polygons </li></ul>
  17. 17. Everyday Squares
  18. 18. Rectangles <ul><li>Rectangles have parallel sides that are equal to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>All angles are right angles. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Everyday Rectangles
  20. 20. Rhombus <ul><li>A rhombus has four equal parallel sides. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Parallelogram <ul><li>Parallelograms have opposite equal parallel sides </li></ul>
  22. 22. Everyday Parallelograms
  23. 23. Trapezoid <ul><li>Trapezoids have one set of parallel sides. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Everyday Trapezoids
  25. 25. Pentagon <ul><li>A pentagon has five sides. </li></ul>1 2 3 4 5
  26. 26. Everyday Pentagons
  27. 27. Hexagon <ul><li>A hexagon has six sides. (Hexagon and six both have an “x”.) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Everyday Hexagons
  29. 29. Heptagon <ul><li>A heptagon has seven sides. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Everyday Heptagons
  31. 31. Octagon <ul><li>An octagon has eight sides. Count the sides. </li></ul>If this octagon was red and had the word “Stop” written on it, then you would know where we see a lot of octagons.
  32. 32. Everyday Octagons
  33. 33. Nonagons <ul><li>Nonagons have nine sides </li></ul>
  34. 34. Everyday Nonagons
  35. 35. Decagon <ul><li>Decagons have 10 sides. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Everyday Decagons
  37. 37. Hendecagon <ul><li>Hendecagons have 11 sides </li></ul>
  38. 38. Everyday Hendecagons
  39. 39. Dodecagons <ul><li>Dodecagons have 12 sides </li></ul>
  40. 40. Everyday Dodecagons
  41. 41. <ul><li>A triangle is the smallest polygon because it has three sides. Can you have a two-sided polygon? Why or why not? </li></ul>Two lines don’t close to make a shape. They make an angle. 2 1 Key Question: