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Wwii the end of the war


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Wwii the end of the war

  1. 1. The End of the War
  2. 2. The Battle of the BulgeThe Germans launched a counterattack on December 16, 1944 that was supposed to divide the Allied armiesGerman troops pushed the Allied line back, but were unable to break through By Christmas the Allies had stopped the German advance and began pushing them back The Germans lost 100,000 men and much of the Luftwaffe
  3. 3. The Yalta ConferenceChurchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met at Yalta fromFebruary 4-11, 1945 to discuss their plans for afterthe warThey agreed to:- Russian participation in the Pacific War- Division of Germany into occupation zones- Denazification of Germany, including war crimestrials- Free elections in Europe
  4. 4. The Surrender of Germany Allied troops were deep within Germany by April 1945The Soviets captured Berlin on April 30, the same day that Hitler committed suicide Germany surrendered unconditionally on May 7, 1945
  5. 5. The Potsdam Conference Held from July 17-August 2, 1945 between Stalin, thenew British PM Clement Attlee, and the new American president Harry Truman Most of the plans made at Yalta were confirmed Germany’s borders were changed, and it was agreed that the German economy be changed to prevent rearmamentPoland was placed under the control of a Soviet puppet government
  6. 6. The Potsdam Declaration:- Japan was to be occupied, and itsconquests taken away- Japan was to be disarmed- Japan would be made into a democracy- Japan’s industries were not allowed tobuild military products
  7. 7. Developing the Atomic BombThe British were the first to work on it, but the Americans made much quicker progress The project was code named the Manhattan Project On July 16, 1945 the first test was carried out (code named the Trinity Test) America decided to drop the bomb on Japan both to end the war quickly and to intimidate Russia
  8. 8. Hiroshima Hiroshima was selected as the first target On August 6, 1945 Hiroshima became the first city to be attacked with a nuclear weapon 70,000-80,000 people diedfrom the blast, and thousands more have died in the years since from illnesses related to the bomb
  9. 9. Nagasaki Japan did not surrender immediately after the bombing of Hiroshima Russia entered the war as planned on August 9, 1945 The decision was made to drop a bomb on Nagasaki to force Japanese surrender and to prevent the Russians from conquering too much territory 40,000-75,000 people died from the blast
  10. 10. The Surrender of Japan America planned more bombings in case Japanstill refused to surrenderOn August 15, 1945 theEmperor made a radio broadcast telling his people that Japan had surrendered Japan signed formalsurrender documents on September 2