Causes of WWI


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  • How does the assassination connect with militarism and imperialism.
  • Causes of WWI

    1. 1. Causes of WWI
    2. 2. MilitarismMilitarism: The belief or a desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong militarycapability and be prepared to use it aggressively to promote national interests.Utilizing new mass-production techniques, Western nations could churn out these weapons and munitionsin great quantities and at rapid pace.The descent into war was also fuelled by militaristic cultures and attitudes.Generals and admirals became de facto government ministers.European military expenditure skyrocketed between 1900 and 1914. In 1870 the combined militaryspending of the six great powers totaled 94 million pounds. By 1914 it was at 398 million pounds.Britain: Thought there naval power would secure them victory.Germany: Were confident in their growing naval fleet and arms production.Russia: The tsar believed his empire to be protected by god.France: Believed in their string of concrete fortresses and defenses, running the length of their easternborder.
    3. 3. Assassination- Serbian Rebels seeking independence from Austria-Hungaryassassinate Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28th, 1914.
    4. 4. NationalismNationalism and patriotism were significant factors in theroad to World War I. Each of Europe’s Great Powersdeveloped a firm belief in its own cultural, economic andmilitary supremacy. As each nation became moreconvinced of their superiority the likelihood of warincreased. Each nation believed that if war was to comethey would be victorious.Britain: Britain was drunk with patriotism and nationalism.They has enjoyed two centuries of imperial, naval andcommercial dominance.Germany: German as a nation state was comparativelynew (1871 26-German speaking states came together).Nationalism was the glue that bound the nation states.National strength was continually associated with militarystrength.
    5. 5. Germany before unification
    6. 6. Imperialism- By 1914 there was relatively few parts of the world stillopen to imperial conquest.- The imperialist competition had contributed to tension andrivalry of the previous generations.- France desired to colonize Morocco. Kaiser Wilhelm IItraveled to Tangier (the capital) and made a speechsupporting Moroccan independence. This underminedFrance and antagonized them. This caused tensionbetween the two countries.German began competing with French and England tobecome a strong imperialist power. France and Englandsstrong presence in empires (such as Africa), contributed toanti-German sentiment when they began colonizing theAfrican continent.
    7. 7. AlliancesAlliance: Is a formal political, military or economic agreement between two or more nations,which is binding under international law.Triple Entente: Britain, Russia, FranceTriple Alliance: Germany, Austria, Italy (1882).(It was a defensive pact: Each signatory was committed to provide military support to theothers if they were attacked)Europe was divided into two opposing alliance blocs – thus any war between two opposingnations could mean war between them all.Who was mad at who?Austria Hungary was competing against Russia & Serbia over territory in the Balkans.Kaiser Wilhelm II broke ties with Russia which the chancellor Otto Von Bismark hadstrategically created with Russia to prevent a two front war.
    8. 8. Alliances Before WWI