Lesson 15 - first journey to syria, monk buhaira and the pact of virtous
Journey to Syria
Pact of virtuous
• Prophet was nine or twelve
• The Prophet accompanied Abu Talib on this
• They reached a place called Busra in Syria.
• A Christian monk by the name of Buhaira or
• He would watch the Makkans caravan come
• He noticed a particular caravan and a small
low hanging cloud moved slowly with the
• As the caravan moved on the small cloud
came to a stop near a tree.
• He called a feast to his house for that caravan,
• When he got a proper look at the Prophet he
automatically knew that he was the Prophet.
• After the feast had finished, he went to the
Prophet to ask him question regarding his
• The monk asked to see the Prophet’s back.
• He called upon Abu Talib and said “Take your
nephew back to Makkah and guard him from
the pagans and jews, if they see him and come
to know of him they will plot against him,
great things are in store for this boy”.
Who was Bahira
• Christian scholar
• From the Hunafa – like Waraqah Ibn Nawfal
Social situation of Makkah at that time
• To understand a person’s methodology and thinking it is important to
know the situation and place that has had an influence.
• During those years in Makkah, interclan wars was very common.
• Quarrels and conflicts was used to determined the outcome.
• That’s why they would train their children in cavalry rather then law
• War would start either someone traded unfairly with other tribe, murder
• During those years the Prophet would be in the hills and hear of these
Treaty and vow of virtous
• Hence, because of these conflicts a person by the name of Abduallah ibn
Judan decided to end the oppression.
• He called a meeting in which tribe leaders agreed to intervene between
conflicts and help the oppressed.
• Prophet and Abu Bakr were both present in that meeting.
• Long after revelation in Madinah the Prophet recalled this meeting to his
• He said “I was present in Abduallah Ibn Judan’s house when a pact was
concluded, so excellent I would not exchange it my part for even for a herd
of red camels and if now in Islam, I was asked to take part I would gladly
• From this incident and statement we learn three lessons.
1. Defend justice and to oppose oppression.
2. He acknowledge the validity of a pact
established by non-Muslims seeking for
3. It is not Islamic law versus universal law. The
Prophet did not show ‘otherness’ against
people who produced justice through laws.
What we learn
• From a young age the Prophet was concerned
regarding the welfare of the oppressed and
• The Prophet’s message and life is based on
justice and helping the oppressed.
• The Prophet and Abu Bakr became close
friends due to this connection.
• There is not much mention regarding the
prophet’s life between the age of 14 to 24
• As mention before the Prophet would
contemplate while herding and cave hira.
• The next significant incident was his marriage