Yingthao, thia kue, michelle thao, nhia moua, josh diaz


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Yingthao, thia kue, michelle thao, nhia moua, josh diaz

  1. 1. Ying Thao & Michelle Thao- Deborah Sampson Thia Kue- Belle Boyd Nhia Moua- Jane Adams Josh Diaz- Dolores Huerta
  2. 2. <ul><li>Each women Challenged the gender definition by sexism </li></ul><ul><li>Women were not allowed to do more than their gender allowed them to </li></ul><ul><li>Yet these women were able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight in wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve lives of other people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They not only challenged the gender definition but was challenged by it! </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Many people were against their motives but these women did whatever it took to withstand it and overcame sexism, making each one a role model for many people of their time. </li></ul><ul><li>Each women will be discussed in the following slides in the order as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>These women were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deborah Sampson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belle Boyd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jane Addams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolores Huerta </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Women were not allowed to fight in b attles </li></ul><ul><li>They were not equal to men by l aw </li></ul><ul><li>Gender role for women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House chores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laundresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Childrens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, Deborah wanted to challenge this and do more to help her country. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Disgiused herself as a man </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Served 3 years in battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She was hospitalized and discovered to be a women by Colonel Jackson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battled in the Revolutionary War for independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She Lived a tough life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Her father disappeared and is believed to have died due to a sunken ship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother could not support them all so she left them at an early age </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Rebel against a norm that not all women were able to do </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically fit for a soldier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performed her duties as a soldier better them some men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Went beyond the gender definition that was concretely labeled and set for women. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>She was never allowed to fight again or attempt to fight in battles again after her gender was discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Honorably discharged </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions to war for independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonel Jackson Grated with land and pension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married and lived on land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had three children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a teacher after her return from service </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>could be killed </li></ul><ul><li>  proved that women were as braved as men. </li></ul><ul><li>  - She proved that men and women should have equal rights. </li></ul><ul><li>  -People recognized that women were also capable </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Did not want to follow the gender definition set by society </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to challenge the norm and prove it possible </li></ul><ul><li>Also encouraged by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversations between mother and grandmother about war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stories of heroes in war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death of family members from war </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PxhS5peCiM
  11. 12. <ul><li>women were expected to stay home </li></ul><ul><li>nurse children </li></ul><ul><li>Cook </li></ul><ul><li>clean and serve her husband.  </li></ul><ul><li>During the war, she was to stay home and serve soldiers who needed shelter.  </li></ul><ul><li>women were not allowed to go out into war or serve as a member of the war </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>During the war soldiers were able to stay in women's home and women were to feed and take care of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers had the power to take advantage of the family's food and shelter. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>when one of the soldiers try to take advantage of Belle's mother, she shot and killed the soldier.  </li></ul><ul><li>Belle not only took actions that many women would not have done during the time, she also became a confederate spy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This gave her the honor and popularity that she has to day. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Consequences: - She was locked up twice However, she was able to pass on information to General Jackson saving the Bridges at Fort Royal. This one of the best benefits she gained .
  15. 16. <ul><li>She grew up being a tomboy and really aggressive. </li></ul><ul><li>She shot and killed one union soldier because the solder assault her mother and made Boyd mad. </li></ul><ul><li>A reporter was at her house and was interviewing union soldiers about their battle plans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boyd was able to write down all of the information she heard and sent it down south . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was one of the beginnings of her role as a spy in the war </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. By: Nhia Moua
  17. 18. <ul><li>Women were supposed to be good housewives </li></ul><ul><li>stay home and do all the women-like duties and chores </li></ul><ul><li>have kids and listen to their husband. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>What Jane Addams did to challenge this norm was she went to and finished college </li></ul><ul><li>Opened Hull House that catered to the needs of the poor, she also advocated for social reform issues relating to housing and sanitation needs and work related problems. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Some of the consequences for her beliefs was that she was criticized for her beliefs by other as being too radical and being deviant. Some of the benefits was that she was the first women to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and her ideas still exist today. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Her father encouraged her to pursue a higher education and instill in her a strong work ethic </li></ul><ul><li>later found inspiration in a settlement house in London called Toynbee Hall, which helped her open Hull House. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Dolores Huerta
  22. 23. 1960s thoughts of Women <ul><li>Wife and Mother Image </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent on Husband </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crucial Part of Child Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive of Husband </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Womanly Duties </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take Care of the Home and Children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clean </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>White and Pink Collar Workers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White: Nursing, Teaching, Social Work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pink: Food Service, Beauty Salon, Personal Care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Occupation Specified </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Men: Steel Workers, Doctors, Lawyers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Woman: Secretary, Nurse </li></ul></ul></ul>1960s thoughts of Women
  24. 25. Huerta Challenges Women Image and Social Problems <ul><li>Independent </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not rely on her Husband/s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raised her children as a single parent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Male Occupation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President and Co-Founder of United Farm Workers (UFW) , Position would usually be given to a male in other union organizations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Minority Struggles Recognized </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making the general public aware of Farm Laborers’ Conditions and their rights for justice </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Huerta Challenges Women Image and Social Problems
  26. 27. Motivation <ul><li>Parents Influence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mother: Single Parent-Raised Children- Has Huerta attend violin and piano lessons- Help Huerta become an active member of the Girl Scouts and Church Choir </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mothers Independence Has Huerta Mimic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Activities Makes Huerta Very Social </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Parents Influence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father: active member in unions- works in mines and fields- struggles to obtain rights- active member of the community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Huerta becomes sympathetic to workers’ rights and condition which they are exposed to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father influence Huerta to become interested in union organizations </li></ul></ul></ul>Motivation
  28. 29. <ul><li>Active Member of Community </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part of Community Service Organization (CSO), Est. 1947 with the goal of improving the environment in Mexican communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fighting for a Just Cause </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farm Laborers : earned low wages, lived and worked in harsh conditions, exploited. </li></ul></ul></ul>Motivation
  29. 31. <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Successful Strike: Huerta help UFW come to an agreement with grape growers. The agreements helped Farm Laborers obtain better working condition, better wages and union reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Women Legitimacy: Huerta actions and hard dedication to organized Farm Laborers help change the perception of woman’s capabilities as union organizer. </li></ul><ul><li>General Public Recognition: Huerta and UFW gave the public a glimpse of what Farm Laborer endure. This brought a new perspective of this line of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Unionization: Farm laborers were able to join a union to fight for their rights. </li></ul>
  30. 32. <ul><li>In conclusion, although these women were all faced with sexism, discrimination against class, race, religion and stereotypes, they all shared one common characteristic, to prove it was possible to challenge gender definition and to not only help themselves but those around them. </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>Jane Adams: </li></ul><ul><li>http://womenshistory.about.com/od/addamsjane/p/jane_addams.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/janeadams.html </li></ul><ul><li>Belle Boyd: </li></ul><ul><li>  Eric Niderost (October 9, 2009) Confederate Spy Belle Boyd: Woman Who was one of the South's Top Operatives in the Civil War http://us-civil-war.suite101.com/article.cfm/belle_boyd_confederate_spy </li></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>Deborah Sampson: </li></ul><ul><li>Pedia, Wiki. (september 14, 2009)  Sharon Public Library. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sharon-public-library.jpeg> (accessed Febuary 18, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>Gundersen, Joan R. (1740-1790) To be Useful to the World: Women in Revolutionary America. Essay, New York: Twayne Publishers. </li></ul>