Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on


Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Clustering in Iceland and Expectations from CDCM Project(CAPACITY DEVELOPMET FOR CLUSTER MANAGERS (CDCM) PROJECT) 6 February 2012, Hallgrímur Jónasson, General Director, Rannís
  2. 2. Agenda• Elementary facts about Iceland• Who is Rannís?• R&D Clusters Rannís finances; – Strategic Research Programme, Centres of Excellence & Research Clusters• Other main clusters in Iceland• Expectations from the Project
  3. 3. Iceland Elementary facts!
  4. 4. Ocean currents and biologicalfertility make Iceland very suitablefor fishing. The quota system is anattempt to preserve sustainabilityof the resource.
  5. 5. Iceland´s Hydropower Energy towards Complete Renewability
  6. 6. Iceland´s Geothermal Energy, Geothermal Heat Has Many Forms
  7. 7. A Society with more than 80% Renewables Sources of primary energy 100 Oil and Gas Nuclear Nuclear 90 Fossil Fuels 80 70 60 Fossil FossilPer cent 50 Fuels Fuels 40 Renewables 30 20 Coal 10 Renewables Renewables 0 Renewables WORLD OECD ICELAND
  8. 8. Export Income 2009 Total: 711 Bill. ISK Other services 8,2% Marine products 29,3% Transport 12,6% Agriculture 1,1% Tourism 9,3% Power intensive industries 25,8% Other production 5,8% Manufacturing products 7,9%Source: Statistics Iceland
  9. 9. Export/Import in 2009 Market Area % 859080 70706050 Export40 Import30 1920 8 6 4 4 610 0 Europe U.S.A. Japan Other Source: Statistics Iceland
  10. 10. Putting the Crisis in Perspective
  11. 11. “Iceland will be fine”,World Economic Forum Ranking
  12. 12. Who is Rannís? Rannís reports to the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture with the purpose of providing professional assistance in the preparation and implementation of science and technology policy in Iceland. Its main functions are:• Operation of the financial support system for research and technological development.• Provision of services and information to the Science and Technology Policy Council and its sub-committees.• Coordinating and promoting Icelandic participation in collaborative international projects in science and technology.• Monitoring resources and performance in R&D, and evaluating the results of scientific research, technological development and innovation.• Promoting public awareness of research and innovation in Iceland.• Rannís serves the Icelandic science community across all areas of science, as well as the humanities.
  13. 13. Science and Technology Policy Governance ALÞINGI (Parliament) Prime Ministers Office Science and Technology Policy Council (Four ministers plus sixteen representatives)Ministry of Education, Science and Culture Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism Science Board Technology Board Icelandic Research The Icelandic Centre Technology Development Fund Fund for Research Equipment Fund Rannís The Innovation Center Icelandic Research Iceland Other funds: Fund for Graduate Icelandic Student Innovation Fund Students etc.
  14. 14. Rannís Budget 2011 Of the part allocated to R&D in the Icelandic national budget, the share awarded to Rannís (operation + funds) has increased since 2002 from 8% to 17%.• Rannís funds: – The Icelandic Research Fund 782,5 MISK – The Equipment Fund 107,0 MISK – The Technology Development Fund 830 MISK – The Icelandic Research Fund for Graduate Students 96 MISK – The Icelandic Student Innovation Fund 50 MISK – The Fund for Non-fiction Writers 13 MISK – Strategic Research programme for Centres of Excellence and Research Clusters 160 MISK – Strategic Research Programme for Post Genomic Biomedicine and Nano-science and Nanotechnology 130 MISK – Private Funds (five different funds), philanthropic funds – amount is dependent on interest rates.• Including operational cost Rannís has 2,400 MÍSK or 15,0 M €.
  15. 15. R&D Expenditure as a Share of GDP from 2005 to 20094.54.03.5 Finnland Finland3.0 Svíþjóð Sweden Danmörk Denmark2.5 Bandaríkin USA Þýskaland Germany2.0 Ísland Iceland Frakkland France Bretland UK1.5 Noregur Norway OECD OECD1.0 ESB 27 ESB 270.50.0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  16. 16. Cluster Definition?• In economic and innovation policy the term “cluster” is usually used to explain geographical concentrations of economic and innovation activities.• …clusters support economic development through the specialization of regions in activities within which companies gain higher productivity through accessing external economies of scale or other comparative advantage. (Lammer-Gamp, tomas/Meier zu Köcker, Gerd/Christensen, tomas Alslev, 2011:Clusters are Individuals. Creating Economic Growth through Cluster Policies for Cluster Management Excellence, Danish Ministry of Research, Innovation and Higher Education/Competence networks Germany, Copenhagen/Berlin”).• In a cluster there is a system of interconnected firms and institution whose value as a whole is greater than the sum of its part (2+2>4).• What seems to lack in this description the imprtance of “cooperation and competition”.
  17. 17. Present and potential clusters in Iceland Aluminium Iceland Oceanic cluster Geothermal Tourism cluster Health Care Growth Cluster Agreement, R&D (Vaxtarsamningar) (GEORG, IIIM, EDDA)
  18. 18. • Strategic Research Program for Centres of Excellence and Research Clusters
  19. 19. Strategic Research Program for Centres ofExcellence and Research Clusters 2009-2015• Initiated by the Science and Technology Policy Council in Iceland (STPC)• The STPC called on the research community to propose research programme/project that takes into account the challenges facing the Icelandic knowledge society, and to ... encourage cooperation between different actors to promote value creation and investment in research for social and economic development• By end of 2008 the STPC announced a strategic programme to fund Centres of Excellence and Research Clusters• Maximum four centres/clusters would be funded for seven years with a total budget of 1,1 billion ISK (7,0 million €)• The first real attempt to found Centres of Excellence
  20. 20. Selected Clusters• Three proposals were selected and offered a grant; – GEORG – GEOthermal Research Group • (70 m(0,44 m €)/year - – EDDA – Gender, Equality and Diversity Research • (35 m (0,2 m €)/year – – IIIM – Icelandic Institute for Intelligent Machines • (55 m (0,35 m €)/year – – Funding is for 7 years, an external assessment will be performed after 3 years, (2012).
  21. 21. Strategic Research Program for Centres of Excellence and Research ClustersINDICATORS• Output : Publications, Trainees, Start-ups.• Results: Increased number of scientists in specific fields, Increased number of jobs, Increased number of start-ups, Educational benefits, International cooperation• Impact: Sustainable clusters in the supported areas, Social and economic impact, Increased competitiveness in supported areas, International networking
  24. 24. Main objectives
  25. 25. GEORG, SUMMARY• Geothermal Areas are diverse – That requires interdisiplinary approach – GEORG holds a significant experience, among its partners, in utilizing geothermal energy – Large opportunities in the utilization of geothermal energy• Geothermal Energy can offer – Reduction in Green House Gases – Improved quality of life – Cleaner environment – Saving of oil/gas resources• Geothermal is a Sustainable Renewable Energy Source if the Reservoir is Managed Properly
  26. 26. Icelandic Institute for Intelligent Machines, IIIM Icelands center for research on advanced artificial intelligence, robotics and simulation
  27. 27. IIIM Director’s Collaboration with HONDA Kristinn R. Thorisson recently appeared on RÚV news (Icelandic National Broadcasting Service) sharing his experience on doing research in collaboration with Honda on ASIMO humanoid robot, the most advanced humanoid robot in the world.
  28. 28. EDDA,Equality, Diversity, Development and AdvancementEDDA’s strategic research programme is based on three research areas (containingtwo themes each): (1) The Politics of Transition – explores gendered representations of power andin/equality and socio- political and cultural discourses on reconstruction; (2) The Welfare State, Citizenship and Social Justice – focuses on the relationshipbetween the state, markets and the private sphere and the consequences differentconfigurations have for human well-being and the quality of society; (3) The Politics of Reconstruction and Sustainability – deals with reconstruction andsecurity discourses as part of transnational power politics in various geographicsettings.EDDA (as the acronym for Equality, Diversity, Development and Advancement) is aninterdisciplinary Center of Excellence in critical contemporary research, with a specialemphasis on equality and difference. Hosted by the Center of Humanities at the University ofIceland, the EDDA Center brings together a diverse group of researchers in the humanitiesand the social sciences who work together on various research projects. EDDA also offersgrants to support projects directly related to its strategic research programme.
  29. 29. Iceland Ocean Cluster
  30. 30. Iceland Ocean ClusterThe Cod, (Gadus Morhua)
  31. 31. Iceland Ocean Cluster,Transportation and harbors
  32. 32. Iceland Ocean Cluster Ocean technology
  33. 33. Iceland Ocean Cluster,R&D, education and training
  34. 34. Iceland Ocean Cluster,Fisheries and related Food Processing
  35. 35. Icelandic Geothermal Cluster, Gekon
  36. 36. Icelandic Geothermal Cluster, Gekon
  37. 37. Icelandic Geothermal Cluster, Gekon
  38. 38. Icelandic Geothermal Cluster, Gekon The Projects July 2011 – Dec 2012
  39. 39. GEORG and Iceland Geothermal
  40. 40. Vaxtarsamningur (Growth Agreements)
  41. 41. Vaxtarsamningur (Growth Agreements)• INDICATORS:• Output: Number of new products and/or services, Number of PhD projects beneficial to private sector/cluster initiative in the region, Number of spin-offs, Qualitative measures: measuring of the economic value of the above mentioned indicators• Results: Number of cooperative/joint projects between companies , Number of triple-helix projects, Total number of companies actively participating in projects, Average number of participating companies in supported projects, Participating companies matching grant: private vs. public funding in per cent, Total amount of international grants/funding received (competitive calls for example), Average budget of supported projects.• Impact: Number of jobs created linked to cluster initiatives, Number of spin-offs/start-up companies, Effect on unemployment rate, Qualitative indicator: perception of benefits (participants, stakeholders)
  42. 42. Expectations!• Sharpen the role of clusters, applicable to different tasks in buisness development• The concept of Cluster is misused, needs to strengthen and raise awareness of good / successful clusters• Improve the management of clusters, by training, networking and sharing experience• Take into account the knowledge triangle and strengthen Cluster concept in different tasks
  43. 43. Expectations to CDCM
  44. 44. Thank you