Chpt 10 Presentation


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Chpt 10 Presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Presentation The Reproductive System By : Ericca Diamond Humdy
  2. 2. The inner lining of the uterus is called the…..
  3. 3. Endometrium <ul><li>The endometrium is the mucous membrane consisting of the inner layer of the uterine wall; it consist of a simple columnar epithelium and a lamina propria that contains simple tubular uterine glands. </li></ul><ul><li>The endometrium functions as a lining for the uterus preventing adhesions between opposed walls of the myometrium thereby maintaining the strength of the uterine cavity. During the menstrual cycle the endometrium grows to thick blood vessel, rich glandular tissue layer. During pregnancy the glands and blood vessels in the endometrium get larger in size and number…. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Endometrium continued… <ul><li>The endometrial lining undergoes cyclic regeneration. In the case of the menstrual cycle estrogen initially influences the proliferation of the endometrium. But once ovulation starts along with estrogen the ovary will produce progesterone too. This process changes the proliferative pattern of the endometrium to a secretory lining. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The time required for the development of a fetus is called…
  6. 6. Pregnancy <ul><li>Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more embryos or foeti by female mammals, including humans, inside their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Human pregnancy lasts approximately 40 weeks between the time of the last menstrual cycle and birth( 38 weeks from fertilization). Babies born before the 37 week mark are considered premature </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy is typically broken into three periods which are, the first trimester, the second trimester and the third trimester. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pregnancy Stages <ul><li>First Trimester </li></ul><ul><li>Before a pregnancy can occur, a female egg must be fertilized by a male sperm in a process called fertilization or conception. Pregnancy is defined as beginning when a fertilized zygote becomes embedded into the endometrium where it forms a placenta to receive essential nutrients through the uterus walls. Morning sickness which effects most Women. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Trimester </li></ul><ul><li>Most women feel more energized in this period and begin to seriously put on weight. The first movement of the baby can be felt as the baby begins to form in shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Third Trimester </li></ul><ul><li>Final weight gain takes place and the baby begins to move regularly. This cause symptoms like a weak bladder control and back-ache. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The cessation of menstruation is called …..
  9. 9. Menopause <ul><li>Menopause is a result of the normal decline in ovarian function. It occurs during the ending of menstrual activity. It is said that technically you enter menopause following 12 consecutive months without a period. </li></ul><ul><li>For most women natural menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. Menopause is considered premature if it occurs before the age of 40. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Menopause <ul><li>Menopause can be detected through a pap smear done by a physician ; to determine whether changes are occurring in the vaginal lining. </li></ul><ul><li>A number of blood and urine test can also be done to measure the hormone levels in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Menopause symptoms generally begin during what is called peri-menopause or pre-menopause. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Menopause Symptoms <ul><li>Hot Flashes </li></ul><ul><li>Flushing </li></ul><ul><li>Night Sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Mood Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased libido (sexual desire) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal Dryness </li></ul>