Endofyeargeneralrevision2 ndeso

467 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
467
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
102
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Endofyeargeneralrevision2 ndeso

  1. 1. Talking and writing in the present, the past and the future. Making suggestions, giving advice and opinions and expressing prohibitions.
  2. 2. DO YOU REMEMBER???
  3. 3. The present simple FORM Affirmative Negative Question I SPEAK YOU SPEAK HE SPEAKS SHE SPEAKS IT SPEAKS WE SPEAK YOU SPEAK THEY SPEAK I DON’T SPEAK YOU DON’T SPEAK HE DOESN’T SPEAK SHE DOESN’T SPEAK IT DOESN’T SPEAK WE DON’T SPEAK YOU DON’T SPEAK THEY DON’T SPEAK …DO I SPEAK…? …DO YOU SPEAK…? …DOES HE SPEAK…? …DOES SHE SPEAK…? … DOES IT SPEAK…? … DO WE SPEAK….? … DO YOU SPEAK…? … DO THEY SPEAK….?
  4. 4. The present simple In the 3rd Person Singular: We add –s to most Verbs: walkS, playS, … We add –es after –s, -x, -sh, -ch, -o: goES, pushES, kissES, … We change the Y to –ies after Consonant + y: studIES, worrIES, …
  5. 5. The present simple USES 1. HABITS: Actions which happen regularly. For example: I go to school everyday / He smokes a lot 2. STATES: Things which do not often change (for example, opinions and conditions) Paul lives in Florida / He has short hair The Simple Present usually goes with: A.- Frequency Adverbs and B.- Other Frequency Phrases
  6. 6. The present simple Frequency Adverbs:  ALWAYS- sempre  USUALLY-casi sempre/normalment  OFTEN- sovint  SOMETIMES- de vegades  HARDLY EVER / RARELY / SELDOM - quasi mai  NEVER- mai  Frequency Adverbs go BEFORE the Main Verb: He usually speaks English at home He never goes to the cinema  Except with BE, when it is placed right AFTER He is always late I am often a lazy boy
  7. 7. The present simple Some Frequency Phrases:  Once / Twice / Three times a week/day/month/year- una vez / dos veces / 3 vegades a la setmana/dIa/mes/aNY  Everyday- cada dia  Every week- cada setmana  Every month- cada mes  Every year- cada any  From time to time – de vegades  At weekends – el cap de setmana These expressions go AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE: I go to the cinema ONCE A WEEK HE plays the piano EVERYDAY She studies French TWICE A MONTH
  8. 8. EXAMPLES  We use it to describe people and to talk about their routines.  To describe pictures
  9. 9. TO DESCRIBE PEOPLE We use the verb TO BE and HAVE GOT.
  10. 10. 1. She has got long, brown, curly hair and small, brown eyes. Her nose is ordinary and her mouth is big. She’s smiling.
  11. 11. Describing pictures  In this picture I can see…  There’s /There are…
  12. 12. Where in the picture?  In the foreground  In the background  At the bottom  At the top  On the right  On the left  In the top left corner
  13. 13. What are they wearing?  A tie  A white shirt  Trousers  Shoes  Socks  A watch  A striped t-shirt He is wearing: She is wearing:
  14. 14. Compare people
  15. 15. What are they doing?  They’re reading.  They’re writing.  They’re studying.  They’re taking notes for a research paper.  They’re working late in the library. Note: for actions, use the "be + V-ing" form.
  16. 16. The present continuous THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS Form AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE I AM SPEAKING YOU ARE SPEAKING HE IS SPEAKING SHE IS SPEAKING IT IS SPEAKING WE ARE SPEAKING YOU ARE SPEAKING THEY ARE SPEAKING I’M NOT SPEAKING YOU AREN’T SPEAKING HE ISN’T SPEAKING SHE ISN’T SPEAKING IT ISN’T SPEAKING WE AREN’T SPEAKING YOU AREN’T SPEAKING THEY AREN’T SPEAKING …AM I SPEAKING…? …ARE YOU SPEAKING…? …IS HE SPEAKING…? …IS SHE SPEAKS…? …IS IT SPEAKING…? …ARE WE SPEAKING…? …ARE YOU SPEAKING…? …ARE THEY SPEAKING…?
  17. 17. The present continuous The –ING FORM:  We usually add –ING: waiting, studying,…  If the verb ends in a consonant + e: we drop the -e: livING, havING, dancING, …  Verbs ending in 1 Vowel + 1 consonant usually DOUBLE the consonant: siTTing, plaNNing, traveLLing, …
  18. 18. The present continuous USE 1. To refer to something that is in progress NOW: It is raining (now) I’m working (at the moment) 2. To refer to actions that are in progress in the Present, not necessarily at the time of speaking: I usually walk to school but this week I’m taking the bus. I often play tennis on Monday but today I’m playing football. 3. For PLANS in the near Future: We are going shopping this afternoon. Mary is coming home next week.
  19. 19. Simple Past vs. Past Continuous
  20. 20. Use the simple past for: 1) action that happened in the past and is . . . over, done, finished Use the past continuous for: 1) action that was in progress at a specific point in the past OR 2) focusing on an action that continued for a long time in the past
  21. 21. Simple Past (Examples) Action that was completed in the past: Tom went fishing last week. I worked until 2:00 p.m. yesterday. My family came to visit me last year. *Time Expressions frequently used with the simple past: yesterday, last ______, past dates (in 1990), _____ ago, etc.
  22. 22. Past Continuous (Examples) Action that was in progress at a particular point in the past: At 2:00 yesterday, Tom was playing soccer. Sophia wasn’t home last night when I called her. I think she was working. Lisa and her husband were visiting us last week.
  23. 23. Simple Past (Examples) Action that was completed in the past: Tom went fishing last week. I worked until 2:00 p.m. yesterday. My family came to visit me last year. *Time Expressions frequently used with the simple past: yesterday, last ______, past dates (in 1990), _____ ago, etc.
  24. 24. Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the simple past and past continuous:
  25. 25. The simple past: structure English has two types of verbs in the past tense:  taught  walked  studied  gave  became  cried  lived  did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?  Regular verbs  Irregular verbs
  26. 26. For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
  27. 27. For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
  28. 28. The verb BE Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple past tense: I, He, She, It WAS They, We, You WERE
  29. 29. Simple Past (Negative) For all verbs (EXCEPT be), use:
  30. 30. 1) Sara worked yesterday. Sara didn’t work yesterday. 2) They had an argument. They didn’t have an argument. 3) Sam took classes last year. Sam didn’t take classes last year. 4) I learned how to sew. I didn’t learn how to sew.
  31. 31. VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use didn’t. Simply ADD the word NOT after the verb. I was tired. I was NOT tired. She was here. She was NOT here. They are happy. They are NOT happy.
  32. 32. The Past Continuous: Don’t forget that VERB BE is part of this structure. I, He, She, It WAS You, We, They WERE
  33. 33. Examples: My mom was trying to call me last night, but I wasn’t home. The kids were studying last night at 9:00. I was cleaning my house all day yesterday.
  34. 34. Past Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT after the verb BE. They were arguing last night. They were NOT arguing last night. She was yelling at me. She was NOT yelling at me.
  35. 35. Important Note about Past Continuous! Some verbs are NOT typically used in the continuous tense. Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple tenses (simple present or past). These verbs are called STATIVE (or non- action) verbs. Here are some examples: want like love hate know need see hear believe understand have (possession) forget remember belong
  36. 36. Examples: I liked Rome. NOT: I was liking Rome. She had a headache. NOT: She was having a headache. I knew the answer. NOT: I was knowing the answer.
  37. 37. Using both tenses together: Sometimes we use both the simple past and the past continuous together to mean . . . That one action (simple past) interrupted a continuing action (past continuous)
  38. 38. 1.Dan burned his hand while he was cooking dinner. =in the middle of cooking dinner, he burned his hand. 2. When Helen called, we were having dinner. =in the middle of eating dinner, Helen called.
  39. 39. We can use 2 verbs in past continuous to say that two actions were happening simultaneously in the past: Ex. Jim was at the park. He was sitting on the grass and reading.
  40. 40. Roof fence
  41. 41. There is NOT just one future tense in English. How to express the future then?
  42. 42. 1. With the modal WILL. (Future Simple) There are several ways to express the future. Let’s see two of those ways. 2. With BE GOING TO.
  43. 43. FUTURE SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE: Subject + WILL + base form of verb Your brother WILL become famous soon. Will = ‘ll Your brother’ll become famous soon.
  44. 44. FUTURE SIMPLE NEGATIVE: Subject + WILL + NOT + base form of verb My friend WILL NOT marry that man. WILL + NOT = WON’T My friend won’t marry that man.
  45. 45. FUTURE SIMPLE INTERROGATIVE: WILL+Subj.+ base form of verb ? WILL IT rain tomorrow ? Short answers Yes, it will. No, it won’t.
  46. 46. Future Simple We use the modal WILL + the base form of the main verb for: 1. Predictions. You will get married and have 10 children! 2. Quick decisions. I’ll have another cup of coffee, please! 3. Promises. Ok! I’ll call you tomorrow. I WILL (’ll) call You WILL (’ll) call He / She WILL (’ll) call We WILL (’ll) call You WILL (’ll) call They WILL (’ll) call
  47. 47. “GOING TO” I am (I’m) You are (You’re) He is (He’s) She is (She’s) It is (It’s) We are (We’re) You are (You’re) They are (They’re) going to (base form of verb = Infinitive without “to”) AFFIRMATIVE:
  48. 48. “GOING TO” I am not (I’m not) You are not (You aren’t) He is not(He isn’t) She is not (She isn’t) It is not (It isn’t) We are not (We aren’t) You are not (You aren’t) They are not (They aren’t) going to (base form of verb = Infinitive without “to”) NEGATIVE:
  49. 49. “GOING TO” I you he /she /it we/you/they going to Base ? INTERROGATIVE: Am Is Are Short answers Yes, + Subject pronoun + am / is / are. No, + Subject pronoun + isn’t / aren’t. *(Note: No, I’m not).
  50. 50. BE GOING TO We use BE GOING TO + the base form of the main verb for: 1. Plans / Intentions. I am going to practise hard to become a rock star! 2. Predictions based on clear signs. Look at those clouds! It is going to rain! I am going to + V You are going to + V He / She is going to + V We are going to + V You are going to + V They are going to + V
  51. 51. REMEMBER! PREDICTIONS QUICK DECISIONS PROMISES PLANS / INTENTIONS PREDICTIONS BASED ON CLEAR SIGNS WILL + V BE GOING TO + V
  52. 52. PRACTISE! Choose the right way to express the future in the following situations. SITUATION 1 SITUATION 2 SITUATION 3 You’re thirsty, aren’t you? I (get) you a glass of water. Oh no! He really (paint) the room that colour? ANSWER I WILL (’ll) get you a glass of water. (QUICK DECISION) ANSWER IS he really GOING TO paint the room that colour? (INTENTION) ANSWER We WILL not (won’t) be back late. (PROMISE) The film finishes at 10 p.m. We (not be) back late. The film finishes at 10 p.m.
  53. 53. ANSWER In Scotland it WILL rain tomorrow. In the south of England it WILL be sunny. (PREDICTION) SITUATION 4 SITUATION 5 ANSWER I WILL (’ll) call the doctor. (QUICK DECISION) You’re not well. I (call) the doctor. In Scotland it (rain) tomorrow. In the south of England it (be) sunny. SITUATION 6 Ketchup or mayonnaise? I (have) mayonnaise, please. ANSWER I WILL (’ll) have mayonnaise, please. (QUICK DECISION)
  54. 54. Will / Be Going to  1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)___________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas.  2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)_________ you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up.  3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) __________ it up so you can hear it.  4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) ___________Paris and Nice. Am going to write ‘ll turn are going to visit ‘ll get Am going to write ‘ll get ‘ll turn Am going to write ‘ll get
  55. 55. A monkey can jump. ABILITY
  56. 56. A bear can walk.
  57. 57. A butterfly can fly.
  58. 58. A cat can dance.
  59. 59. 70 M U S T We use must + verb to talk about obligation. You must do your homework. You must speak English here.
  60. 60. 71 M U S T N ‘ T We use mustn’t + verb to talk about prohibition. You mustn’t eat in the library. You mustn’t park here.
  61. 61. 72 SHOULD We use should + verb to give advice. You should help your schoolmates.
  62. 62. 73 SHOULD We use shouldn’t + verb in the negative. You shouldn’t eat so much cake.
  63. 63. FOR or AGAINST
  64. 64. Are you FOR something, or AGAINST it? FOR: AGAINST: I agree with this issue. I disagree with this issue. I support this issue. I don’t support this issue. I am in favor of this. I’m opposed to this.
  65. 65. It’s good to have an opinion, but you should also be able to give a reason for your opinion.
  66. 66. For example: “Are you FOR, or AGAINST smoking in public places?” I am AGAINST smoking in public places, because it is harmful to those around you. issue reason opinion
  67. 67. What is your opinion on: Giving money to the poor?
  68. 68. What is your opinion on… Free medicine for all?
  69. 69. To invite someone out…

×