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A mixture of different Power Points downloaded from slideshare and some exercises I've included

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  • This is a simple way to explain the grammar. For me personally I find it difficult language that is hard because I do not read as written, does not speak as we think is a bit complicated for me, but so far I think I'm understanding what he has explained.
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  1. 1. Comparatives and superlatives
  2. 2. SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est , e.g.: </li></ul>The thinnest Thinner Thin The shortest Shorter Short The cheapest Cheaper Cheap The tallest Taller Tall Superlative Comparative Adjective
  3. 3. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled, e.g.: thin -> thinner, big -> biggest. </li></ul><ul><li>If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/-est, e.g.: wide -> wider/widest. </li></ul><ul><li>If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est, e.g.: dry -> drier/driest . </li></ul>
  4. 4. THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES <ul><li>Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST , e.g .: </li></ul>Superlative Comparative Adjective The most difficult More difficult Difficult The most dangerous More dangerous Dangerous
  5. 5. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES The farthest/furthest Farther/further Far The worst Worse Bad The best Better Good Superlative Comparative Adjective
  6. 6. tall
  7. 7. tall The monkey is taller than the crow. The giraffe is the tallest .
  8. 8. fast
  9. 9. fast The frog is faster than the ant. The cat is the fastest .
  10. 10. big
  11. 11. big The dog is bigger than the mouse. The elephant is the biggest .
  12. 12. heavy
  13. 13. heavy The monkey is heavier than the cat. The elephant is the heaviest .
  14. 14. dangerous
  15. 15. dangerous The crow is more dangerous than the butterfly. The snake is the most dangerous .
  16. 16. elegant
  17. 17. elegant The cat is more elegant than the duck. The horse is the most elegant .
  18. 18. OPPOSITES <ul><li>Tall __________ </li></ul><ul><li>Fat __________ </li></ul><ul><li>Good _________ </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful _________ </li></ul><ul><li>Thin ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Polite ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Wild ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect __________ </li></ul><ul><li>Strong ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Clever ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Funny ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Lazy ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Boring ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Ugly ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Clean ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Fast ____________ </li></ul>
  19. 19. OPPOSITES <ul><li>Tall Short </li></ul><ul><li>Fat Thin </li></ul><ul><li>Good Better </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful Ugly </li></ul><ul><li>Thin Fat </li></ul><ul><li>Polite Rude </li></ul><ul><li>Wild Tamed </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect Imperfect </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Weak </li></ul><ul><li>Clever Silly </li></ul><ul><li>Funny Boring </li></ul><ul><li>Lazy Hard-working </li></ul><ul><li>Boring Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Ugly Beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Dirty </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Slow </li></ul>
  20. 20. Translate these sentences: <ul><li>Ice Age és més divertida que Harry Potter. </li></ul><ul><li>Un lleó és més salvatge que un gat. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein és més intel.ligent que jo. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein és el més intel·ligent. </li></ul><ul><li>La tortuga és l’animal més lent. </li></ul><ul><li>Avui és el dia més fred de l’any. </li></ul><ul><li>En Homer és més gras que la Marge. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Translate these sentences: <ul><li>Ice Age is funnier than Harry Potter. </li></ul><ul><li>A lion is wilder than a cat. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein is more clever than me. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein is the most clever. </li></ul><ul><li>The turtle is the slowest animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Today is the coldest day of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Homer is fatter than Marge. </li></ul>