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  1. 1. Identity - Revising Key Concepts
  2. 2. NATIONAL IDENTITY What is Australian national identity?
  3. 3. Australians are often characterised as… <ul><li>independent </li></ul><ul><li>imbued with an ethic of mateship </li></ul><ul><li>Laconic - prone to using few words </li></ul><ul><li>irreverent - demonstrating a lack of due respect </li></ul><ul><li>egalitarian - people are treated equally and have the same rights </li></ul>
  4. 4. According to the myth… <ul><li>The typical Australian is a practical man, rough and ready in his manners and quick to decry any appearance of affectation in others. He is a great improviser, ever willing to have a go at anything, but willing to be content with a task done in a way that is near enough… he is usually taciturn rather than talkative… (Russel Ward 1958) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question: <ul><li>After your exploration of Australian cultural identity, which of these characteristics do you now consider to be accurate? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Australianess <ul><li>The legends of Australian bush and Anzac have become ideals of masculinity. In both legends, the male bonding or mateship becomes the main characteristics in the description of ‘Australianess’. Yet these characteristics only describe that the true Australian as inevitably and only male. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Thinking about NATIONAL IDENTITY <ul><li>It is worth considering: </li></ul><ul><li>What celebrations are shared </li></ul><ul><li>What values are shared </li></ul><ul><li>What rituals are shared </li></ul><ul><li>What behaviours are shared </li></ul><ul><li>Landscapes, places and the impact this has on self </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question… <ul><li>Is there any such thing as an accurate national identity? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gender Identity The performance of masculinity and femininity in society.
  10. 10. Gender is SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED… <ul><li>There is no biological reason for the dominant gender roles that people perform in society. </li></ul><ul><li>They have become so widely accepted throughout history that they now feel natural, despite being constructs of a social world. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gender identity and power <ul><li>Due to dominant social expectations, gender identity can lead to ‘othering’ of those people who don’t fit the expected pattern of gender and sexual behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>The typical response to a person that doesn ’t fit the mold is fear or exclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender is also inevitably linked to power in society, as limitations can be placed on people due to their gender. </li></ul>
  12. 12. In texts: <ul><li>Think about who is afraid, who is violent, who has power, who is caring for children etc, and whether this represents typical ideas about gender. </li></ul><ul><li>This will indicate whether a text is reinforcing or challenging dominant ideas about gender identity. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Questions to ask of every text: <ul><li>What identity is represented? For example - race, class, gender etc. </li></ul><ul><li>How is this represented through the discourse of the text ie. narrative and generic conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this representation adhering to dominant ideas about identity, or is it challenging or subverting these assumptions? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose interests are served by this representation of identity? What social effect does this have? </li></ul>