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Museum Architectural Considerations


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This is a power point intended to allow groups to talk about space considerations when building or changing their museum building. It is only an orientation and not a complete one but gets staff to understand that architectural space planning is really a common sense narrative that they can accomplish with the aid of a sympathetic architect.

Museum Architectural Considerations

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>This slide package is intended to use with groups whose museums are undergoing physical change. </li></ul><ul><li>It is intended to begin the conversation with those unfamiliar with architectural program planning to understand that it is narrative based and can be a helpful discussion for architects. </li></ul><ul><li>This is obviously not comprehensive but a start toward understanding process. </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  3. 3. MUSEUM INTENTION <ul><li>OBJECT CENTERED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NARRATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CLIENT CENTERED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visitor Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>COMMUNITY FOCUSED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Services co-located </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  4. 4. MUSEUM ECONOMICS <ul><li>FEES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free or entrance charges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MIXED USE SPACE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other agencies, special events, performances, café, shopping, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SYNAGY BETWEEN USES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lurking, regulars, public lobby’s, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HOURS </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  5. 5. LOCATION <ul><li>NEUTRAL SPACE </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC TRANSPORT </li></ul><ul><li>WALKING STREETS </li></ul><ul><li>URBAN VS PARK-LIKE </li></ul><ul><li>INSIDE AND OUTSIDE PROGRAM </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  6. 6. INTENDED AUDIENCES <ul><li>Who are the primary visitors ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are other essential groups needing special space consideration? </li></ul><ul><li>GROUPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After-school and community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACCESSIBILITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handicapped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well Elderly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SMALL SOCIAL GROUPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young adults </li></ul></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  7. 7. EXHIBITION PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>Tone and style </li></ul><ul><li>Layering </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship with audience </li></ul><ul><li>Co-curating and audience response. </li></ul><ul><li>Curator’s voice </li></ul><ul><li>IPod and other technology </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  8. 8. EXHIBITION SPACE <ul><li>Temporary exhibition program. How often do you change. How long does reinstallation usually take? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do the temp galleries need to be? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of security and climate control do you need? Do you need the same for each gallery? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of responsiveness do you want to plan for? </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless and other electrical considerations . </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  9. 9. TONE AND STYLE <ul><li>WAYFINDING – Can I find my way? </li></ul><ul><li>WORD CHOICES – formal or conversational. </li></ul><ul><li>LINGERING – watching, regrouping, strolling encouraged? </li></ul><ul><li>MIXED USE – visiting for reason other than gallery viewing encouraged? </li></ul><ul><li>AMENITIES – seating, conversations, toilet design. </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  10. 10. AUDIENCE PARTICIPATION <ul><li>Can the visitor do unrelated activities? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it encouraged? </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting up places? </li></ul><ul><li>Family friendly food service, grouping. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to more information? </li></ul><ul><li>Access to storage? </li></ul><ul><li>Greeting? </li></ul><ul><li>Audience input? </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  11. 11. STAFF NEEDS <ul><li>Where are the staff offices? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is sitting next to who? </li></ul><ul><li>How many need to be on-site? </li></ul><ul><li>How many in total? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the meeting rooms? How many do you need? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there private offices? </li></ul><ul><li>Will exhibitions be created on site? </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  12. 12. OUTSIDE AND TRANSITION <ul><li>Can the outside be programmed? </li></ul><ul><li>Can the outside encourage other uses (food market, music, seating)? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there outside space needed past the admissions barrier? </li></ul><ul><li>Can there be inside park-like spaces? </li></ul><ul><li>How difficult is it to find the site? </li></ul><ul><li>How daunting to enter the building? </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006
  13. 13. ADJACENCIES <ul><li>What needs to be next to what? </li></ul><ul><li>How do school groups enter and leave? Where do they go during the visit? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the building used for functions? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the shops, cafes, regrouping, special entrances, security? </li></ul><ul><li>Loading docks, crate storage, reinstallation spaces. </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2006