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China ICOM ITC 2016 museum issues 21st century

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An overview of museum issues. Used in 2016 in the ICOM ITC training program from middle managers in museums from many different countries.

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China ICOM ITC 2016 museum issues 21st century

  1. 1. E L A I N E H E U M A N N G U R I A N 2 0 1 3 MUSEUM ISSUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
  2. 2. MISSION, PURPOSE, INTENTION • IN WHAT WAY SHOULD OUR MISSION, PURPOSE, VALUES OR INTENTION CHANGE FOR THE 21ST CENTURY? • HOW HAS THE CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS WITHIN EVERY SOCIETY CHANGED OUR FUNDAMENTAL STRUCTURE? • IS THE CLASSICAL MUSEUM OF MUSEUMS STILL RELEVANT?>
  3. 3. OBJECTS AND EVIDENCE • WHAT CONSTITUTES MUSEUM OBJECTS (THINGS) -- EVIDENCE, TACTILITY, REPRODUCTIONS, THREE DIMENSIONALITY? AND DO WE CARE? • WHAT IS OUR RESPONSIBILITY FOR PROTECTION OF OBJECTS? HOW DO WE DECIDE WHAT IS APPROPRIATE CARE? BY THE CREATOR, BY CURRENT MODERN STANDARDS, OR BY WHAT WE CAN AFFORD? • WHO GETS ACCESS TO OBJECTS AND UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES? • WHEN CAN OBJECTS BE USED OR LOANED FOR USE? • WHAT DOES OWNERSHIP MEAN IN TERMS OF DISPLAY, SALE, RETURN? • HOW ARE RECORDS OF OBJECTS CREATED? WHO CONTROLS INPUT? HOW ARE RECORDS ALTERED? • HOW IS DEACCESSION DETERMINED? CAN THE PROPERTY BE SOLD AND TO WHO? AND WHAT CAN THE MONEY BE USED FOR? • WHAT CONSTITUTES OBJECTS WORTHY OF ACQUIRING IN THE 21ST CENTURY • HOW DO WE MAKE OUR OBJECTS ACCESSABLE WHILE STILL PROTECTING THEM? STUDY STORAGE
  4. 4. ISSUES: TECHNOLOGY • WHAT SHOULD THE RELATIONSHIP BE BETWEEN ON-LINE AND IN THE SPACE? • HOW DO WE BEST INTERGRATE MULTIPLE PLATFORMS? • WHAT IS OUR RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL MEDIA? • HOW HAVE WE ARRANGED OUR RECORDS ? HOW CAN THEY BE ADDED TO AND BY WHOM? • WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE AMATEUR AND THE EXPERT? THE MUSEUM CURATOR AND THE VISITOR IN TERMS OF CREATING INFORMATION FOR OTHERS. • WHO OWNS THE MUSEUM MATERIAL, MASHUPS, ETC. DO WE HAVE A PROPRIATORY ATTITUDE OR WANT TO MAKE IT WIDELY AVAILABLE? • HOW DO WE PROMOTE MULTIPLE SOURCES OF INFORMATION, THAT CAN BE FOUND ON THE SMART PHONE? HOW DOES THAT CHANGE THE VISIT? • WHERE DOES THE HEAD OF IT SIT ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL CHART AND WHO DOES S/HE REPORT TO? WHAT IS THEIR SPAN OF
  5. 5. ISSUES: ADVOCACY • WHEN DOES THE MUSEUM GET INVOLVED WITH ISSUES OF THE DAY AND HOW? HOW QUICKLY CAN THE MUSEUM BE CALLED ON TO RESPOND AND IN WHAT FORM? • WHAT IS THE MUSEUMS PHILOSOPHY TOWARD ACCESS, PUBLIC EDUCATION, SOCIAL SERVICE, WELFARE, ETC? • IS THE MUSEUM SEEN BY THE PUBLIC AND THE MEDIA AS EXPERT IN CERTAIN CONTENT AREAS? IF SO HOW DO THEY LEVERAGE THAT EXPERTISE? • WHAT ROLE DOES THE MUSEUM PLAY AS SAFE SPACE FOR CONTROVERSY/FORUM. • DOES THE MUSEUM HAVE ADVISORS FROM THE COMMUNITY AND HOW MUCH INFLUENCE DO THEY HAVE? • DOES THE MUSEUM RECOGNIZE THAT MULTIPLE VIEWPOINTS EXIST ABOUT ALMOST ANY SUBJECT AND
  6. 6. ISSUES: SHARED AUTHORITY • WHAT DOES SHARED AUTHORITY MEAN AND WHO IS SHARING WITH WHOM? • HOW HAS THE ROLE OF THE CURATOR CHANGED: IN EXHIBITIONS, PROGRAMS, IN GATHER AND SHARING INFORMATION. • WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE IT PERSON: IN FINDING AND EDITING INFORMATION, IN INCORPORATING OTHER INFORMATION, IN ALLOWING FOR INPUT. • HOW HAS THE SMART PHONE AND THE PUBLICS USE OF IT CHANGED MUSEUMS? • HOW IS THE PUBLIC INPUT GATHERED AND ACTIONED. DOES THERE INPUT MATTER? I.E. TRIP ADVISOR AND THE PUBLIC OPINION OF EVERYTHING • BLOGS AND THE BLURRING OF EXPERTISE • HOW IS THE PERTINENT, THE ROLE OF THE EYE WITNESS USED. • DOES THE MUSEUM ALLOW INPUT, CO-CREATION, AND EVEN CREATION BY BY-PASSING THE “HOUSE” EXPERT?
  7. 7. ISSUES: ATTRACTIONS/ EXPERIENCES/ EMOTIONS AND FANTASY • THE BLURRING OF THE REAL AND THE IMAGINED • THE USE OF ARTIFACTS THAT ARE MADE UP – STEAM PUNK • THE MUSEUM AS AN EXPERIENCE PLACE RATHER THAN A CONTEMPLATIONAL PLACE • THE BUILDING AS AN PLACE FOR EXPERIENCE – AFTER HOURS PARTIES, ADULTS ONLY, SLEEP OVERS • THE USE OF EMOTION AND FEELING • EXPRESSIONS OF NON-MATERIAL CULTURE
  8. 8. ISSUES: VISITING ONE TIME VS MULTIPLE USE • COST AND THE ABILITY TO GO ONE TIME • THE MULTIPLE USE PLACE – COMMUNITY CENTER • THE MIX OF SOCIAL SERVICE AND OBJECTS • THE UMBRELLA SERVICE PROVIDER – LIBRARY, THE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM, THE GOVERNMENT. WHO DO THESE MUSEUMS SERVICE AS PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS
  9. 9. ISSUES: ACCESS VERSES FINANCIAL STABILITY • FREE VERSUS PAID ADMISSION • THE NEED FOR GOVERNMENT SUPPORT • THE RIGHTS OF THE CITIZEN – PUBLIC PARKS, LIBRARY, HOSPITAL
  10. 10. ISSUES: SUSTAINABILITY • SHOULD MUSEUMS BE LEADERS IN SUSTAINABILITY • GREEN BUILDINGS • MULTI-USE BUILDING AND USE BY OTHER ORGANIZATIONS • PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY GREEN WORK • SHOULD SCIENCE MUSEUM BE ADVOCATES OVERTLY FOR RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE, ETC.
  11. 11. ISSUES: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY • WHAT ARE OUR POSITIONS ON IMPORTANT ISSUES OF THE DAY? • WHEN DO WE SPEAK UP PUBLICALLY? • WHAT POSITIONS DO WE TAKE OVERTLY AND COVERTLY IN OUR EXHIBITIONS?
  12. 12. ISSUES: TANGIBLE /INTANGIBLE • CELEBRATIONS, CUSTOMS, • PERFORMANCES AND PERFORMING ARTS • EXPERIENCES AND INTANGIBLE PERFORMANCES • SPIRITUAL USE OF OBJECTS, • ACCESS TO PRIVATE USE OF OBJECTS FOR PERSONAL/SPIRITUAL USE
  13. 13. ISSUES: EDUCATION • LEARNING VERSUS EDUCATION • WHAT SHOULD BE OUR ROLE IN FORMAL EDUCATION • IS THE FIELD TRIP REALLY MEANINGFUL OR DOES IT NEED RADICAL CHANGE? • SHOULD WE PARTICIPATE/ ORIGINATE: DISTANCE LEARNING, INTERNSHIPS, COURSE WORK, ETC.?
  14. 14. ISSUES : SOURCES OF INCOME • MANY MUSEUMS ARE SELLING THEIR EXPERTISE, EXHIBITIONS, TRAINING, ETC. IS THIS A GOOD NEW SOURCE OF INCOME OR A CONFLICT OF INTEREST? • DO ADMISSION CHARGES HELP OR HURT US? • WHEN SHOULD WE BE FREE AND TO WHOM?
  15. 15. ISSUES: ETIQUETTE • WHAT IS OUR GOVERNING PHILOSOPHY TOWARD OUR VISITORS ? AS EQUALS, STUDENTS, INFERIORS, • HOW DO MUSEUM PEOPLE THINK OUR VISITORS SHOULD BEHAVE WITHIN OUR WALLS • HOW DO WE MODIFY OUR EXPECTED BEHAVIOUR BASED ON CULTURAL DIFFERENCE? • WHEN ARE WE AVAILABLE AND FOR WHAT KINDS OF EXTRA PURPOSE.

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