www.ehu.es/basterretxeaImanol BasterretxeaUniversity of the Basque Country, Spainwww.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch on cooper...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearching on cooperatives1 ) What is Social Economy?… too many theoretical approaches related to ...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea1) What is Social Economy?… too manytheoretical approaches related to the SocialEconomy concept.• I...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea• Papers on NGO management• Papers on non-profit organiztions• Papers on public policies
www.ehu.es/basterretxea1) What is Social Economy?… too manytheoretical approaches related to the SocialEconomy concept.• P...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaFocus oncooperatives
www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Being too passionate and lack ofobjectivity....
www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Being too passionate and lack of objectivity...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Methodological difficulties in quantitative ...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaScientific curiosity isimportant,We love solving problems, we arecurious about how things work,abou...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaWe don’t pay our research outof our pocket.• We do science in serve of society• Money is spent in r...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaJournals on CooperativesScarcity of journals tocommunicate yourfindings
www.ehu.es/basterretxea3) In what conferences and meetingsshould I present my papers?The next one, in 2013.
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperatives.
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.• Who my audience shoul...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal tosubmit my work on cooperativism.- Growing importance of...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal tosubmit my work on cooperativism.• Increasing demands to...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaAgence d’évaluation de la recherche etde l’enseignement supérieur
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaISI (Thomson Reuters) journals, a very difficult butpossible task
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaGLOBAL RESEARCH COMMUNITYUSES WEB OF SCIENCEAsia-Pacific770institutions18countriesEurope,MiddleEast...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaRESEARCH EVALUATORSUSE WEB OF SCIENCE DATA•Germany: Max Planck Society, DFG, IFQ•France: Ministry o...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaProblems: Few European Journals in the Web of Science(ex. Only 25 French journals in SSCI in 2011)
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaProblems: Zero journals on cooperatives in SSCI in 2011
www.ehu.es/basterretxeahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman/3595748169- Can we use the same filter for allresearch fields ...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.ISI (Thomson Reuters) j...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaSource: Thiel, V. (2011): “SciVal: Input, Output and Outcomes”, IREG Forum: National University Ran...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea533619868721898061390251Bigger presence of European JournalsSource: Edward Wedel-Larsen (2008): SCO...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaExample 2008: More presence of Journals from France,Italy and Spain.Number of sources indexed by Sc...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.SCOPUS Journals and Boo...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaOther Journals on cooperativesCIRIEC-España, Revista de Economía Pública, Social y CooperativaIndex...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaInternational Journal of Co-operative Managementwww.le.ac.uk/ulsm/umboJournal of cooperative studie...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaOther Journals on cooperativeshttp://www.ciriec.uqam.ca/- Journals in FrenchRevue Internationale de...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaCommunicating your research to awider public.• Using blogs to communicate yourresearch• Using slide...
www.ehu.es/basterretxea3,857,705 visits
www.ehu.es/basterretxea
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaCommunicating yourfindings and establishing adialogue with practitionerson cooperativesCommunicatin...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch Strategies: Specialization vs“Salami slicing” publication approach• Research Strategy 1: S...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch Strategy 2: Get data from big samples, includingcooperatives and ordinary firms, and repor...
www.ehu.es/basterretxeaImanol BasterretxeaUniversity of the Basque Country, SpainEconomics and Business Studies Facultyima...
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Research on cooperatives Research motivations, methodology and publishing approaches

  1. 1. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaImanol BasterretxeaUniversity of the Basque Country, Spainwww.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch on cooperatives.Reflections on research motivations, methodologyand publishing approaches.Université de Limoges.Ecole doctorale "Sociétés et Organisations"Limoges, France, 26 Janvier 2012
  2. 2. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearching on cooperatives1 ) What is Social Economy?… too many theoretical approaches related to theSocial Economy concept.2) Some possible risks of researchers on cooperatives:– Being too passionate and lack of objectivity.– Methodological difficulties in quantitative studies:• Relatively small population• Extremely small population when the study is limited to one single industry• Very large response rate needed– Scientific curiosity is not enough. We don’t pay our research out of our pocket.– Scarcity of journals to communicate your findings.3) In what conferences and meetings should I present my papers?4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal to submit my work on cooperatives.– ISI (Thomson Reuters) journals, a very difficult but possible task.– Specialized Journals.5) “Comparative research and publication approach on cooperatives vs capitalfirms: an intelligent and synergic move.6) Some examples of research on cooperatives.7) Open Discussion
  3. 3. www.ehu.es/basterretxea1) What is Social Economy?… too manytheoretical approaches related to the SocialEconomy concept.• Is there really a shared core identity, or isSocial Economy “out of focus”?CHAPTER 3IDENTIFICATION OF THE ACTORS OR GROUPS INCLUDED IN THE SOCIAL ECONOMY CONCEPT3. Identification of the actors or groups included in the Social Economy concept3.1. A definition of the Social Economy that fits in with the national accounts systems3.2. The market or business sub-sector of the Social EconomyA. Co-operativesB. Mutual societiesC. Social economy business groupsD. Other social economy companies (social enterprises, sociedadeslaborales,…)E. Non-profit institutions serving social economy entities3.3. The non-market sub-sector of the Social EconomyNon-profit institutions serving households (NPISH),3.4. The Social Economy: pluralism and shared core identity
  4. 4. www.ehu.es/basterretxea• Papers on NGO management• Papers on non-profit organiztions• Papers on public policies
  5. 5. www.ehu.es/basterretxea1) What is Social Economy?… too manytheoretical approaches related to the SocialEconomy concept.• Pluralism of concepts• Pluralism of science fields• Pluralism of methodologies
  6. 6. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaFocus oncooperatives
  7. 7. www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Being too passionate and lack ofobjectivity.– Added problem 1: lack of distance (Many times, managersand cooperative founders, or employees as authors)– Added problem 2: preference for qualitative research,interviews with managers, internal documents andpublications,… interested information given.
  8. 8. www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Being too passionate and lack of objectivity.– Sometimes, facts running counter to theories andwishful thinking– Halo effect (sometimes positive, sometimes negative)
  9. 9. www.ehu.es/basterretxea2) Some possible risks ofresearchers on cooperatives:• Methodological difficulties in quantitative studies:– Relatively small population– Extremely small population when thestudy is limited to one single industry– Very large response rate needed– Even more difficult when two respondents per firm are needed,or when a longitudinal approach (several waves of collection) isnecessary.
  10. 10. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaScientific curiosity isimportant,We love solving problems, we arecurious about how things work,about non ordinary things (andcooperatives are not as otherordinary firms), …but curiosity is notenough.
  11. 11. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaWe don’t pay our research outof our pocket.• We do science in serve of society• Money is spent in research, but if research is notcommunicated, is useless, is wasted.• Research is a dialogue and a collective endeavor.We build on and use each other’s work and for thisto be possible our research must be available forothers
  12. 12. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaJournals on CooperativesScarcity of journals tocommunicate yourfindings
  13. 13. www.ehu.es/basterretxea3) In what conferences and meetingsshould I present my papers?The next one, in 2013.
  14. 14. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperatives.
  15. 15. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.• Who my audience should be?• Which journal fits my audience?– Aims and Scope of Journal– Field (cooperatives, SE…) vs General Journals– Has this Journal already published papers on this Topic?• Style of Journal– Quantitative vs Qualitative– Theory vs Empirical vs Applied• Level of significance of the work we have done? (novelty, results,…)and level of the Journal– “If you are not getting rejected, you are aimed too low” Donald Siegel(Editor JTT, Assoc Ed, JBV)http://www.google.es/imgres?imgurl=http://francisthemulenews.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/dibujo11mar2008elnaschie.png&imgrefurl=http://francisthemulenews.wordpress.com/2008/03/page/2/&usg=__lYk8wJmZ5WbNHQh3U0FXg4Jq6jM=&h=755&w=470&sz=32&hl=es&start=4&zoom=1&tbnid=0XO90X96qhS4zM:&tbnh=142&tbnw=88&ei=wkToTrH4M4P-8QPcxfj9CQ&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dbottleneck%2Beffect%2Bisi%2Bjournals%26hl%3Des%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1
  16. 16. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal tosubmit my work on cooperativism.- Growing importance of whereyou publish and not just whatyou publish- Impact factors and citations
  17. 17. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal tosubmit my work on cooperativism.• Increasing demands to publish to get a job and to be promoted– Professeur dUniversité. (4 JCR)– Maître de Conférence– Attache Temporaire d’Enseignement et de Recherche• Tutoring Phd thesis (2 JCR)• Allocation of funds, grants and Research Projects fromgovernment and other funding agencies to University• Allocation of resources within a University• Rankings of Universities.Prestige and reputation, positive effectson the inflow of students
  18. 18. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaAgence d’évaluation de la recherche etde l’enseignement supérieur
  19. 19. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaISI (Thomson Reuters) journals, a very difficult butpossible task
  20. 20. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaGLOBAL RESEARCH COMMUNITYUSES WEB OF SCIENCEAsia-Pacific770institutions18countriesEurope,MiddleEast andAfrica3.656institutions51countries269institutions11countriesLatinAmerica967institutions2countriesNorthAmerica 5.662 Research institutions 82 countriesSource: Philip Purnell (2011): “Thomson Reuters Research in View”. euroCRIS symposiumBrussels. September 2011.
  21. 21. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaRESEARCH EVALUATORSUSE WEB OF SCIENCE DATA•Germany: Max Planck Society, DFG, IFQ•France: Ministry of Research, OST - Paris, CNRS•Austria: University of Vienna•United Kingdom: King’s College London; HEFCE•Russia: Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR)•European Union: EC’s DGXII(Research Directorate)•US: NSF: biennial Science & Engineering Indicators report (since 1974)•People’s Republic of China: Chinese Academy of Science•Japan: Ministry of Education, Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry•Canada: NSERC, FRSQ (Quebec), Alberta Research Council•Australian Academy of Science, CSIRO•University rankings agenciesSource: Philip Purnell (2011): “Thomson Reuters Research in View”.euroCRIS symposium Brussels. September 2011.
  22. 22. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaProblems: Few European Journals in the Web of Science(ex. Only 25 French journals in SSCI in 2011)
  23. 23. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaProblems: Zero journals on cooperatives in SSCI in 2011
  24. 24. www.ehu.es/basterretxeahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman/3595748169- Can we use the same filter for allresearch fields in social sciences?- Is the ISI filter valid for researcherson cooperatives?
  25. 25. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.ISI (Thomson Reuters) journals, a very difficult butpossible taskOther journals publishing on cooperatives, employee participation, Mondragon….:- AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGYIST,- BRITISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE- CRITIQUE OF ANTHROPOLOGY- SOCIOLOGICAL FORUM- JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES
  26. 26. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaSource: Thiel, V. (2011): “SciVal: Input, Output and Outcomes”, IREG Forum: National University Rankings on the Rise Bratislava, October 11th2011Competitor total: 11,180 Scopus total:18,241UniqueComp titles:1,176(6%)Unique Scopustitles:8,237(42%)Joint titles:10,004(52%)Scopus Subject Area penetration(Scopus and competitor versus Scopus only)Number of active journals(Scopus versus Competitor)100%Total Scopus journals24%34%27%15%Life SciencesPhysical SciencesSocial SciencesHealth SciencesScopus onlyScopus and Competitor4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journal tosubmit my work on cooperativism.SCOPUS Journals
  27. 27. www.ehu.es/basterretxea533619868721898061390251Bigger presence of European JournalsSource: Edward Wedel-Larsen (2008): SCOPUS, http://biblioteca.uv.es/intranet/formacio_usuaris/scopus/scopus.ppt
  28. 28. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaExample 2008: More presence of Journals from France,Italy and Spain.Number of sources indexed by Scopus compared to Thomson Journal Citation Reports050100150200250300France Italy SpainJCR TOTALScopusCompared to the JCR, Scopus covers on average 124% more journalsfor the Big 5 European nations.Source: Edward Wedel-Larsen (2008): SCOPUS, http://biblioteca.uv.es/intranet/formacio_usuaris/scopus/scopus.ppt
  29. 29. www.ehu.es/basterretxea4) Publish or perish. Selecting a journalto submit my work on cooperativism.SCOPUS Journals and Book Series on Cooperativismhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1370-4788http://www.emeraldinsight.com/products/books/series.htm?id=0885-3339In SCOPUS since 2011.http://www.ucm.es/info/revesco/Valued in France by the AERES
  30. 30. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaOther Journals on cooperativesCIRIEC-España, Revista de Economía Pública, Social y CooperativaIndexed in many international bases: (ECONLIT(Economic Literature); LATINDEX; International Bibliographyof Social Sciences (IBSS); REDALyC; ULRICHS;…)Highly valued in Spain, and well positioned to enter ISI and/or SCOPUShttp://www.ciriec-revistaeconomia.es/- Develop a portfolio of papersValued in France by the AERES (Agence d’évaluationde la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur)
  31. 31. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaInternational Journal of Co-operative Managementwww.le.ac.uk/ulsm/umboJournal of cooperative studiesOther Journals on cooperatives
  32. 32. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaOther Journals on cooperativeshttp://www.ciriec.uqam.ca/- Journals in FrenchRevue Internationale de l’économie sociale
  33. 33. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaCommunicating your research to awider public.• Using blogs to communicate yourresearch• Using slideshare to communicate yourpowerpoint presentations on conferences• Science in the openhttp://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/science-in-the-open
  34. 34. www.ehu.es/basterretxea3,857,705 visits
  35. 35. www.ehu.es/basterretxea
  36. 36. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaCommunicating yourfindings and establishing adialogue with practitionerson cooperativesCommunicating your researchto a wider public.
  37. 37. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch Strategies: Specialization vs“Salami slicing” publication approach• Research Strategy 1: Specialization on cooperatives,and become an “expert”.• Research Strategy 2: Comparative publicationapproach and research on cooperatives vs. capitalfirms.– Get data from big samples, including cooperatives and ordinaryfirms, and report findings in 2 different end publications.• One in the general research field• Other one in a journal on cooperatives
  38. 38. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch Strategy 2: Get data from big samples, includingcooperatives and ordinary firms, and report comparativefindingshttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8292.2012.00467.x/pdf
  39. 39. www.ehu.es/basterretxeaImanol BasterretxeaUniversity of the Basque Country, SpainEconomics and Business Studies Facultyimanol.basterretxea@ehu.eswww.ehu.es/basterretxeaResearch on cooperatives.Reflections on research motivations, methodologyand publishing approaches.Université de Limoges.Ecole doctorale "Sociétés et Organisations"Limoges, France, 26 Janvier 2012

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