Tutorial 4 francisco garcia moran

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Tutorial 4 francisco garcia moran

  1. 1. The European Cloud Computing Strategy Francisco García Morán DG for Informatics, European CommissionCloud: an elastic executionenvironment of resourcesinvolving multiple stakeholdersand providing a metered serviceat multiple granularities for aspecified level of quality (ofservice).Source: Expert group on Cloud Computing, 2009http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/docs/cloud-report-final.pdf 1
  2. 2. Definition Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction NIST definition of Cloud Computing http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/cloud-def-v15.doc“The Cloud” for the uninitiated … + = - = + = 2
  3. 3. Cloud Computing - EU27 8 000 SaaS Total 7 000 6 000 5 000M€ PaaS Total 4 000 3 000 2 000 IaaS Total 1 000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Sources: AMR, Gartner, IDC, William Blair & Co., Merrill Lynch, PACEurope […] should develop anEU-wide strategy on cloudcomputing notably forgovernment and science.” Digital Agenda for Europe 3
  4. 4. Challenges Security, Interoperability dependability Governance, control Privacy & Legal InteroperabilityEssential for the cloud to be fair,open and competitiveOpen specifications are keyData portability 4
  5. 5. Cloud standardisation:the issues standardisation is highly complex the supply side is not interested too early: players prefer to gain market share the demand side is hesitant current solutions could result in lock in situations large number of involved parties technology providers, solution integrators, governments, user groups, etc. regulatory requirements to comply with several standardisation bodies and fora with heavy non-European participation there is a real need to develop ••• 9 Data protectionKey issue for EuropeData may be hosted anywhereData is subject to location specificlegislative issues 5
  6. 6. Legal frameworkCloud providers should protectEuropean cloud customer’s data:portability, transparency, EU dataprotection standardsEuropean governments must havelegal frameworks Some Reports on Cloud Computing An SME perspective Information Assurance on Cloud Computing Benefits, risks and Framework recommendations for Security & Resilience Information Security in Government Clouds 6
  7. 7. UE CIOs21% of countries have Challengesnational strategies Security, data protection & privacy 79% Public cloud vendors issues 57%50% use it for public Change management 43%services Political and legal issues 36%43% have plans for Benefitscloud use in public Efficiency 92,86%services Agility 50% Focus shift 35,71% European Cloud Strategy Legal framework Technical & Market commercial 7
  8. 8. Ongoing activities Policy initiativesThe Digital Agenda for Europe forsees: review of data protection framework; reform of EU standardisation system; better use of standards in public procurement; network security; etc. Research Projects EGI-InSPIRE: Create persistent eInfrastructure with clouds for science (EUR 25m) Eurocloud: Develop "servers on a chip" based on ARM processors (EUR 3.3m) StratusLab: Develop an open source cloud distribution (EUR 2.3m) SIENA: Co-ordinate adoption and evolution of interoperable distributed computing infrastructures with open standards for clouds and grids (EUR 0.41m) etc. Future Research and Pilots in Cloud Computing FP7 ICT Work programme 2011-12 For example, on: Intelligent, automatic management of cloud resources to ensure scalability Interoperability among different clouds, portability, protection of data in cloud environments, control of data distribution and latency. Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) (Orientations for Work programme 2011 under discussion) “Support several pilots to prepare move towards clouds of/for public services. Pilots to demonstrate potential benefits of adopting new service delivery architectures to reduce cost and enable private actors to build new services.” 8
  9. 9. Addressing future challenges Obj. 1.2, ICT WP 2011-2012 AdvancedCloud computing Internet of software services engineering Management of cloud resources Advanced engineering Cloud Service engineering for software Interoperability Services enabled by Quality measure and integration of real and assurance techniques Support of mobile, virtual worlds context-aware Management of non- Scalability, self- functional requirements applications management, fault localisation, … Tools and methods for Integration of community-based computing and Life cycle software development networking management tools and methods environments Standardization and collaboration Support Open source development model actions Cooperation with Japan on cloud computing Research Projects Existing Projects Total Funding Projects listed Funding: 36,23 M€ 88.48 M€ Projects Starting Funding: 52,25 M€ 9
  10. 10. Take awaysCloud Computing is changing the ICTmarketEurope needs to become "Cloud-Friendly"and "Cloud-Active”International policies neededEuropean Commission is working on theregulatory framework to stimulate andsupport Cloud Computing 10

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