Tutorial 2 arvo ott


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Tutorial 2 arvo ott

  1. 1. Tallinn 2011eGovernment – coordinationor management, centralizationor decentralization.Arvo Ott, PhD,arvo.ott@ega.eee-Governance Academywww.ega.ee Legal framework Fiscal TechnicalOrganization framework architecture eGovernment Policy / Strategy 1
  2. 2. eGovernment frameworks- mainquestions• Policy/strategy as driving force – eGov is new phenomenon, no long traditions in horizontal management and policy implementation – New countries without long experiences in strategic planning – Policy driven developments or development driven policy?• Organizational setup and coordination – Strong centralized unit and management? CIO-s belong to the central organization sharing the fields of governance – Small unit for coordination without strong influence to sectoral development – Some critical fields are centralized but otherwise decentralizedTop management is influencing...• eGovernment is the topic for IT guys• This is about Internet… and perhaps SW development… to make computer programmes• I have nothing to do with it – everything is described in legislation• We have low Internet penetration, we have to wait• ICT policy is approved, now everything OK• eGovernment is the project which will be completed by… for example 1 January 2012 ☺ 2
  3. 3. Models of coordination (WB survey)• Model 1 – decentralized implementation, decentralized policy making• Model 2 – centralized implementation, centralized policy making• Model 3 – decentralized implementation, centralized policy making• Model 4 – centralized implementation, decentralized policy makingDriving forces of eGov o Stable and functioning organizational setup for coordination. o Leadership and political will. o Fixed info-political principles. o PPP, good telecom infrastructure and high level of eBanking o Supporting legal and fiscal frameworks. o Interoperable ICT architecture. 3
  4. 4. Government County Local Ministries governments governments IT managers Representative Managementrepresentatives & IT managers of Local government Subordinate IT councils ministries agencies of counties associations IT managers Council Representative representative IT councils of ministries Councils directors Informatics IC secretariat Council ICT work groups ICT work groups IT manager of counties of ministries Department of MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC State Information AFFAIRS AND COMMUNICATIONS Systems (RISO) Informatics Centre PRIME MINISTER Adviser to the PM on ICT COUNCIL OF Committee on Policies for MINISTERS Information Society (CPIS) NATIONAL AGENCY OF INFORMATION SOCIETY ICT Units in Ministries ICT Units in central institutions ICT units in local ICT Private Sector Center for research government and development of ICT 4
  5. 5. STATE CHANCELLERY ICT work group eGov Center ICT work group of ministries (CIO office) of regional development •Regulation initiatives Local •eGov budget planning •monitoring of implementation governments Representative Ministries Reform initiatives Local government ICT Budget associationsCIO-s project eGov imple- procurement, supervision, menting institution implementation Representative systems maintenance end user trainingTools for coordination:• Rights and responsibilities in legislation development• Influence on planning and use of budgetLessons learned:• Most important in policy/strategy planning is the process not the result on paper• Good access to high decisionmakers in government but not too close to “party politics”• Sustainability of planning and running of eGov systems is wideley depending on sustainable budget planning• Development of CIO institution and knowledge level of CIO-s is crucial• Good support from private sector and academia 5
  6. 6. Thank you for your attention!Arvo Ott, PhDDirectoreGovernance Academyarvo.ott@ega.eewww.ega.ee 6