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Write an article_tips

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How to write an article about trasnport for pre-intermediate students

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Write an article_tips

  1. 1. NEF UNIT 3ANEF UNIT 3A WritingWriting ArticlesArticles
  2. 2. Articles • You have been asked to write an article about transports in your nearest towns. • You have to include good points and bad points about this service. • You have to write120 words.
  3. 3. What should you include? • 1. A Title/Heading • 2. Sub-headings • 3. Interesting Language • 4. Paragraphs • 5. Linking Words
  4. 4. REMEMBER! • Read the question carefully • Make sure you answer it correctly • Think about who you are writing the article for. • Check your spelling and grammar • Check the number of words • Plan your answer carefully • Really, really, really make sure you have answered the question!
  5. 5. 1. A Title/Heading • Why should you give your article a title? • a) It tells the reader what they are going to read • b) It reminds you to keep your focus • c) It looks good!
  6. 6. Let’s return to the question: ‘You have been asked to write an article about transports in your nearest towns. You have to include good points and bad points about this service. You have to write 120 words.’ One student decides to write about train and bus service in Toledo. • What title should he give his article?
  7. 7. 1. A Title/Heading • Here are some suggested titles. Comment on them and decide which one you like best. • ‘Flying in the high-speed train’ • ‘Waiting for the bus: a torture?’ • ‘Toledo is on the move’
  8. 8. 2. Sub-headings • How would include sub-headings that help you organise your writing? • How would you divide this into paragraphs, and what sub-heading would you give each paragraph?
  9. 9. 2. Sub-headings • Sub-headings are not obligatory but they help you to break up your writing. If you give a 120- word article four sub- headings, you know that you need to write approximately 25-30 words under each sub-heading. • They help organise your work into clear paragraphs which make it easier to read.
  10. 10. 2. Sub-headings • You have 120 words to write, including good and bad points. • Sub-heading 1 = Introduction • Sub-heading 2 = Good Points • Sub-heading 3 = Bad Points • Sub-heading 4 = Conclusion • It really is very easy!!!! • Now your writing is organised and you already know you are going to write four paragraphs – you’ll get some marks before you even start writing!
  11. 11. 3. Interesting Language • Remember – a teacher will read your article. If it’s boring, you won’t get many marks! • Use a variety of language – verb tenses, nouns, adjectives. Don’t just use the present simple and say everything is ‘useful’ or ‘unpractical’ – that doesn’t make your article ‘nice’ – it makes it very ‘boring’!!!!!
  12. 12. 3. Interesting Language • Compare these two paragraphs. Why is the second one better? • ‘I like travelling in high-speed train. It’s cheap and comfortable. You can read and listen to music too’ • ‘The high-speed train is the cheapest and fastest means of transport because it usually takes you only half an hour to get to Madrid. While you are travelling you can do different things to have fun’
  13. 13. 3. Interesting Language • Now look at this paragraph. Can you think of different words to replace the underlined adjectives? • ‘Travelling by train is fun. You will have a fun time there. You can also meet some funny people. Other people think it’s boring. Waiting on the platform to catch the train is sometimes boring.’
  14. 14. 3. Interesting Language • How many synonyms can you think of for ‘train’ and “car” in a composition about transport in Toledo? • Means of transport • Vehicles • Carriage
  15. 15. 4. Paragraphs • You’ve already used sub-headings to divide your composition into paragraphs. • Now you need to think how you could begin each paragraph to make it interesting for the reader. • Any suggestions?
  16. 16. 4. Paragraphs • Here’s an idea: • Start each paragraph with a question. • Then answer the question with your second sentence. • For example: • Introduction • ‘What makes train or autobus being the fastest? • Then continue the paragraph with information about timetables and characteristics of them. • This makes your composition more interesting. • Don’t forget to include a conclusion
  17. 17. 5. Linking Words • What do we use linking words for? • To link ideas! • They help organise our writing. • You will always get more marks in an exam if you use linking words correctly! • Can you think of any linking words?
  18. 18. 5. Linking Words • We use linking words to order information: Firstly, Secondly, Finally etc. • We use linking words to add information: Furthermore, In addition, Moreover etc. • We use linking words to contrast ideas: However, In contrast, Nevertheless, On the contrary, On the one hand…on the other hand etc. • We use linking words to summarise or reach a conclusion: In conclusion, In sum etc. • Write these linking words in your notebook and translate them into Spanish.
  19. 19. Homework • 1. A Title/Heading – what will you call your article? • 2. Sub-headings – how many and what will you call them? • 3. Interesting Language – nouns, verbs and adjectives – try not to repeat words. • 4. Paragraphs – how many and how will you begin them? • 5. Linking Words – try to include two in each paragraph.
  20. 20. Homework • REMEMBER!!!!! • Read the question carefully • Make sure you answer it correctly • Think about who you are writing the article for. • Check your spelling and grammar • Check the number of words • Plan your answer carefully • Really, really, really make sure you have answered the question!

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