Futuretimeclauses

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Futuretimeclauses

  1. 1. Future Time Clauses NEF Unit 4A
  2. 2. • When we talk about two events in the future, we can use one sentence with a future time clause. • A future time clause may begin with after, as soon as, once, or when. • These time words come before the earlier action.
  3. 3. Look at this timeline: past Xow n 1 X fin ish m y hom ewo rk 2 Xt go o future b ed
  4. 4. past Xow n 1 X  fin ish m y hom ewo rk 2 Xt  go o future b ed • After I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • As soon as I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • Once I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • When I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. What do you notice about the verbs in these sentences?
  5. 5. • After I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • As soon as I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • Once I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. • When I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. The verb after the time word is  simple present (even though it will  happen in the future).
  6. 6. past Xow n 1 X  fin ish m y hom ewo rk 2 Xt   go o future be d Before is another time word. It  comes before the later action. Before I go to bed, I’ll finish my homework. I’ll finish my homework before I go to bed.
  7. 7. Until is another time word. It comes before the earlier action if that action will continue up to the second action. past Xow n 1   do my homework (9:00-10:59) • Until I go to bed, I’ll do homework. 2 future Xo t g o bed ( 11:0 0)
  8. 8. We can put the time clause at the beginning or end of the sentence. •After I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. •I’ll go to bed after I finish my homework. •As soon as I finish my homework, I’ll go to bed. •I’ll go to bed as soon as I finish my homework. If it’s at the beginning, use a comma to make your sentence easier to read. (If it’s at the end, you don’t need a comma.)
  9. 9. In any of these sentences, you can use present perfect after the time word. It emphasizes that the action will be completed. •Once I have finished my homework, I’ll go to bed. •I’ll go to bed when I have finished my homework. (This is less common than simple present.) 
  10. 10. Use when or while if two future events will happen at the same time. past Xow n I do my homework future My roommate sleeps • While my roommate sleeps, I’ll be doing my homework. • When my roommate sleeps, I’ll be doing my homework.
  11. 11. past Xow n I do my homework future My roommate sleeps Because the two events will happen at the same time, the order of clauses doesn’t matter. •While my roommate sleeps, I’ll be doing my homework. •My roommate will be sleeping while I do my homework. Just remember: the verb after the time word should be simple present.

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