Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK


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Powerpoint presentation corresponding to module 1.6-1.7 from UCLM Law Master

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Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK

  1. 1. 1.6. CRIMINAL LAW 1.7. CIVIL LAW
  2. 2. Criminal law elements <ul><li>Actus reus; physical element of committing a crime </li></ul><ul><li>Mens rea: mental element of committing a crime </li></ul><ul><li>Strict liability: might be sufficient to show that somebody acted negligently, intentionally or recklessly </li></ul>
  3. 3. Criminal offences <ul><li>Serious offences: murder and manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Personal offences : assault, rape and sexual abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Property offences: theft, robbery (using force) and burglary (allanamiento) </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory offences: accomplice / aid and abet (delito de colaboración) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Criminal law defences (eximentes) <ul><li>I nsanity (enajenación) </li></ul><ul><li>Mistake </li></ul><ul><li>Self-defence (defensa propia) </li></ul><ul><li>I ntoxication (embriaguez) </li></ul><ul><li>Duress (coacción) </li></ul><ul><li>Necessity (estado de necesidad) </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF CRIMINAL COURTS <ul><li>House of Lords: Last instance you can appellate </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Appeal (Criminal Division): Hearing appeals from Crown Court </li></ul><ul><li>Queen’s Bench Division: Supervising, hearing applications for habeas corpus, hear appeals from Magistrates’ Court / Crown Court </li></ul><ul><li>Crown Court : trials on indictment (escrito de acusación) </li></ul><ul><li>Magistrates’ Court: Summary offences (without jury) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trials on indictment <ul><li>Prosecutor, police or private party lay an i nformation (denuncian) before a magistrate </li></ul><ul><li>Magistrate issues a summons (citación) / a warrant for arrest (orden de detención) </li></ul><ul><li>Police / Crown Prosecution Service (Fiscalía) brings defendant before Magistrates’ Court </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary hearing ( vista preliminar): discharge or charge with a crime </li></ul><ul><li>Crown Court: trial by jury, indictment, plead guilty or not, the burden of proof, testimony </li></ul>
  7. 7. Summary Trials <ul><li>The laying of an information before a magistrate </li></ul><ul><li>Issue a writ of summons or a warrant for arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning of the suspect by police </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary hearing in Magistrates’ Court: plead guilty, testimonies </li></ul><ul><li>Give a verdict + pass the sentence </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of punishments <ul><li>Capital punishment (pena capital) </li></ul><ul><li>Life imprisonment or jail </li></ul><ul><li>House arrest (arresto domiciliario) </li></ul><ul><li>Parole or probation regime (libertad condicional) </li></ul><ul><li>Fines (multas) </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1.7. CIVIL PROCEEDINGS <ul><li>Plaintiff brings a case against somebody (defendant) in a County Court / High Court of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Writ of summons + served on defendant + acknowledgment of service + hearing (pleadings / discovery of proofs) </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-court settlement or judgment (summary / trial judgment) </li></ul>
  11. 11. TYPES OF WRONGS AND REMEDIES <ul><li>Torts: libel, slander (difamación) </li></ul><ul><li>Breach of contract </li></ul><ul><li>Damages: a charging order / attachment of earnings (embargo de bienes) </li></ul><ul><li>Termination of contract </li></ul><ul><li>Issue of an injunction </li></ul><ul><li>The rescission of contract </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of civil courts <ul><li>Tribunals: administrative questions </li></ul><ul><li>County Courts: small claims, land cases, divorce, wardship </li></ul><ul><li>High Court: Queen’s Bench Division (Contracts + torts), Family Division (divorce), Chancery Division (land, mortgages, bankruptcy) </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Appeal (Civil Division): Appeals from High Court / County Court </li></ul><ul><li>House of Lords : Appeals from Civil Division or High Court </li></ul>
  13. 13. CRIMINAL OR CIVIL MATTER? <ul><li>Ms Robson wants to make her last will </li></ul><ul><li>The police are taking Mr Dean to the police station. He’s suspected of having stolen a car </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Bellerby is opening a new factory and he wants to get all employees to sign a contract </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Flynn owns a restaurant. He has a contract with a company to deliver fruits + vegetables to the restaurant. This company didn’t deliver them on the agreed date </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Allen is a bank manager. The bank is saying some money is stolen. Mr Allen has a new car + expensive clothes. Police wants to ask him some questions </li></ul>