Typhoid fever

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What is typhoid fever

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Typhoid fever

  1. 1. TYPHOID FEVER is an infection that causes diarrhea and a rash
  2. 2. The bacteria that causes typhoid fever is SALMONELLA TYPHI (S. TYPHI)
  3. 3. HOW TYPHOID FEVER IS SPREAD
  4. 4. You can get typhoid fever if you eat food and drink beverages that have been handled by a person who is shedding S. Typhi or if sewage contaminated with S. Typhi gets in to the water you use to drink or washing food
  5. 5. SYMPTOMS
  6. 6. Early symptoms include FEVER and ABDOMINAL PAIN. If disease gets WORSE, HIGH FEVER and DIARRHEA occurs
  7. 7. OTHER SYMPTOMS INCLUDES:  ABDOMINAL TENDERNESS  AGITATION  BLOODY STOOLS  CHILLS  DIFFICULTY OF PAYING ATTENTION  DELIRIUM  FLUCTUATING MOOD
  8. 8. Hallucinations Nosebleeds Severe fatigue Slow, sluggish, lethargic feeling Weakness
  9. 9. EXAMS AND TESTS
  10. 10. Complete Blood Count (CBC) Urine Test Platelet Count Stool Culture
  11. 11. OUTLOOK
  12. 12. THANKS FOR LISTENING…! 
  13. 13.  Symptoms usually improve 2 to 4 weeks with treatment  Symptoms may return if the treatment has not completely cured the infection  The outcome is likely to be good with early treatment, but becomes poor if complications develop
  14. 14. POSSIBLE COMPLICATION
  15. 15. Intestinal Hemorrhage Intestinal Perforation Kidney Failure Peritonitis
  16. 16. PREVENTION
  17. 17. Vaccines Water Treatment, waste disposal and protections the food supply from contamination
  18. 18. “BOIL IT, COOK IT, PEEL IT, OR FORGET IT”
  19. 19.  If you drink water, buy it bottled or bring it to a rolling boil for 1 minute before you drink it  Ask for drinks without ice unless the ice is made from bottled water or contaminated water  Eat foods that have been thoroughly cooked and that are still hot and steaming  Avoid raw vegetables and fruits that cannot be peeled
  20. 20.  When you eat raw fruits and vegetables that can be peeled, peel them yourself (REMEMBER: Wash your hands with soap first)  Avoid foods and beverages from street vendors

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