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This presentation is a follow-up to the presentation entitled "Migration". It is aimed at lower school students and is inadequate for students preparing for major examinations. It looks at what urbanization is and what causes it.

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  1. 1. Its Benefits and Hindrances Created and Presented by Mr. D. Gooden Teacher – Vere Technical High School
  2. 2. What is Urbanization? <ul><li>Urbanization is referred to as the migration of people in large numbers from rural to urban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization occurs mainly because of the concentration of resources and facilities in towns and cities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Urbanization? <ul><li>The world's cities, including Kingston and Montego Bay are growing because people are moving from rural areas in search of jobs, opportunities to improve their lives and create a better future for their children. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attractions to Urban Areas (Pull Factors)
  5. 5. A large number of people are attracted to urban areas because of: <ul><li>The availability of jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Proper infrastructure – roads, water, electricity etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of social services – health, education, recreation, postal services and police stations. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide variety of entertainment and night life facilities </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conditions in the Rural Areas (Push Factors)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Scarcity of jobs except in agriculture, and most people consider agricultural occupations to be low-paying, labourious, risky and menial. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructure such as poor roads, irregular water and electricity supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor facilities in education, health and security </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of entertainment and recreational facilities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems of Urbanization Pressure on resources and social services eg. water, transport, health and education.
  9. 9. More unemployment .
  10. 10. Increased crime rate, especially since the typical migrant may be young, unskilled or inexperienced.
  11. 11. Development of slums (ghettos) due to inadequate housing. This will add to the problem of pollution.
  12. 12. Traffic congestion
  13. 13. Noise pollution
  14. 14. High levels of stress
  15. 15. Solving problems of urbanization
  16. 16. Limit the size of cities by setting boundaries and controlling population size.
  17. 17. Put a stop to using agricultural lands for non-agricultural purposes such as housing.
  18. 18. Develop the rural areas by providing recreation, education, health care and other social services.
  19. 19. Develop basic infrastructure in the rural areas eg. roads, water and electricity.
  20. 20. Encourage rural population to participate in community activities and use community facilities.
  21. 21. Create jobs in rural areas by building more factories to employ more people.
  22. 22. Air quality worsens.
  23. 23. THE END