The family


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PPT presentation that looks at some basic aspect of the family. It looks at what a family is, types of families and the functions of the family. It is done in a newspaper format.

Published in: Education, Self Improvement
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The family

  1. 1. THE FAMILY AND ITS STRUCTURE <ul><li>What is a family? A family is a group of individuals who are intmately related, living under the same roof, supporting and maintaining each other socially, economically and emotionally </li></ul><ul><li>Within a family there may be found a conjugal pair, consisting of a husband and a wife, and a consanguine family or blood relatives such as a mother and her children or a father and his children. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of a family also share the following characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Common surname </li></ul><ul><li>Resemblance (in most cases) </li></ul><ul><li>Same religious beliefs (in most cases) </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER - Since 1960
  3. 3. HOW A FAMILY BEGINS Courtship. – This is normally the first sign that indicates that two persons are interested in starting a family. What is courtship? Courtship is the period in a couple's relationship which precedes their engagement and marriage , or establishment of an agreed relationship of a more enduring kind. In courtship, a couple get to know each other and decide if there will be an engagement or other such agreement. Courtship may include the couple going out together in public, (often known as dating ), for a meal , movie , dance , sports or other social activity. Courtship may also involve private <ul><li>activities which usually include much talking together, perhaps by telephone or by electronic means such as text messages or e-mail . There is often exchange of letters, gifts, flowers and songs. </li></ul><ul><li>Some other means by which families begin: </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged marriage – parents choose partner for child </li></ul><ul><li>Shot-gun marriage – forced to marry because of pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage of convenience – person marries for wealth, status, nationality etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Family tradition - </li></ul><ul><li>Elope – two persons run away to start a family. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline THE WORLD’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER - Since 1960
  4. 4. WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY? 1. To ensure that new babies actually survive to become adult members of that society. 2. To regulate sexual activity. 3. To ensure that children are satisfactorily socialised into the norms and values of society. 4. To provide economic support for other family members. 5. To satisfy our emotional needs for love and security. 6. To provide us with a sense of place and position in our society <ul><li>Preparing for Parenthood </li></ul><ul><li>Get a good education/skill to secure employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Be knowledgeable about family planning techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Build emotional strength to have patience to deal with difficulty of child rearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn child psychology to be able to cater to the needs of children at different stages. </li></ul><ul><li>Budget your time to give quality time for children – they need love, affection, attention and socialization. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER - Since 1960
  5. 5. WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY? <ul><li>Create a healthy and peaceful environment for the child. </li></ul><ul><li>Be healthy, drug-free, and free from communicable diseases such as AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Study first-aid techniques to be able to deal with emergencies as they arise. </li></ul><ul><li>Be knowledgeable about one’s religion to be able to pass on these teachings to offsprings. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER <ul><li>Juvenile Delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>Who is a juvenile? A juvenile is an individual under the age of 18 years. A juvenile delinquent is an individual under 18 years who engages in negative activities. These include: </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Stealing </li></ul><ul><li>Robbery with violence </li></ul><ul><li>Use of obscene language </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Defacing school property </li></ul><ul><li>Possession of pornographic materials </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual permissiveness. </li></ul>- Since 1960
  6. 6. CAUSES AND SOLUTION TO JUVENILE DELINQUENCY <ul><li>Many studies have been done to find out the cause of juvenile delinquency. Evidences indicate that this is a reaction to: </li></ul><ul><li>Growing up in a dysfunctional family. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling unwanted, unloved, abused and humiliated. </li></ul><ul><li>Suffering from low self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor academic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Living in depressed. communities and communities where crime is prevalent. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER <ul><li>Addressing this social problem will vary depending on the child and the situation. Possible solutions include: </li></ul><ul><li>Counselling and rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>An education system that builds self-esteem and is sensitive to students with emotional problems </li></ul><ul><li>Applying moral education and emotional support to change destructive behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Building of communities with an emphasis on sports and recreational activities. </li></ul>- Since 1960
  7. 7. TYPES OF FAMILY <ul><li>The Marital Nuclear Family – consisting of mother, father and children living under the same roof. </li></ul><ul><li>The Extended Family – consisting of 2 or more generations living together under the same roof. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sibling Household – both parents are absent so the eldest brother/sister takes care of the younger ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Single-parent Family – one parent living with his/her child /children. </li></ul><ul><li>Common-law Union – consisting of unmarried mother, father, and children living under the same roof. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER <ul><li>Visiting Relationship – woman lives without a permanent partner; she is visited at intervals by male which results in birth of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes of Single-parent Family </li></ul><ul><li>The death of one partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Legal separation </li></ul><ul><li>A woman bearing a child fro a male who refuses to marry her, or whom she refuses to marry or live with. </li></ul><ul><li>A deliberate choice not to marry but to adopt child/children. </li></ul>- Since 1960
  8. 8. MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE What is marriage? This is the legal union of a man and a woman for which a marriage certificate is obtained. Annulment of a marriage – the declaration by a court that a marriage is invalid. Divorce – the legal dissolution of a marriage. Separation – the situation in which a husband and wife mutually agree to live apart or by an order of the court. THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER <ul><li>Reasons for the Failure of Marriages </li></ul><ul><li>Financial problems – a spouse may never had a steady income or may have been retrenched. </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect – a spouse may be neglected because one or the other may be too tied up with household chores or attending to the demands of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Loneliness – the demand of a job sometimes result in a spouse being seldom at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Interference – by in-laws in the affairs of the couple. </li></ul><ul><li>Infidelity – discovering that one’s spouse is unfaithful; this is almost unforgivable. </li></ul>- Since 1960
  9. 9. MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE <ul><li>Abuse – mental, physical or sexual. </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic expectation – some couples feel that the honeymoon will continue indefinitely; they are not prepared to deal with the challenges and problems of family life. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence – conflict may arise when a working woman demands that she spend her money as she wishes; some men feel threatened and insecure if their wives earn higher income. </li></ul><ul><li>Youthful marriage – lack marital skills. </li></ul>THE VTHS NEWS Knowledge, Skill, Discipline CLARENDON’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER <ul><li>Grounds for Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Infidelity </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Separation by consent of both parties </li></ul><ul><li>Irreconcilable difference </li></ul>- Since 1960