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OpenID and eLearning


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A presentation by Scott Wilson, Institute for Educational Cybernetics University of Bolton, to the Eduserv "OpenID - online identity for the social network generation of learners and researchers" meeting in London in November 2007.

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OpenID and eLearning

  1. 1. OpenID and eLearning Scott Wilson institute for educational cybernetics university of bolton
  2. 2. Institute for educational what ? <ul><li>&quot;The science of communication and control in animal and machine” (Norbert Wiener) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The science of effective organisation ” (Stafford Beer) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A way of looking at things and a language for expressing what one sees” (Margaret Mead)” </li></ul><ul><li>The science and art of understanding” (Humberto Maturana) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cybernetics and identity <ul><li>Linked to concept of autopoiesis; all systems that are autopoietic and maintain homeostasis have identity </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation in a system is concerned with the maintenance of its identity </li></ul><ul><li>From a cybernetic viewpoint, an“identity management system” is actually a system for maintaining the identity of the organisation, not those of the people it ostensibly manages </li></ul>
  4. 4. Understanding education as a system
  5. 5. Where is identity used in the elearning system? <ul><li>Individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Where is identity used in the elearning system? <ul><li>Individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>Resource management is the focus of traditional institutional IDM “ Leaked” into Coordination & primary Activity via the LMS/VLE. A consequence of an early technology variety imbalance
  7. 7. Where is identity used in the elearning system? <ul><li>Individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>Past: anonymised data Future: identified data (ULN)
  8. 8. Where is identity used in the elearning system? <ul><li>Individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>User-centric identity, especially OpenID
  9. 9. VLE v PLE <ul><li>VLE </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management </li></ul><ul><li>PLE </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Invidividualisation </li></ul><ul><li>VLE <-> PLE </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul>
  10. 10. Distributed, user-owned technologies are not merely going to be grudgingly accepted by institutions, they are an inevitable requirement for organisational viability in the 21st Century
  11. 11. Far from threatening institutional viability and control, distributed, user-owned technology offers an escape route from escalating costs, liabilities, and bureaucracy that come from a supply-driven model Rather than spinning us out of control, they offer a way to get back under control
  12. 12. A supply-led approach to provision of education and provision of technology is no longer viable in an age of lifelong learning, user choice, and increasing numbers
  13. 13. Why is OpenID interesting?
  14. 14. it isn’t really an authentication system That’s a good thing
  15. 15. it doesn’t really verify identity or identify the user That’s a good thing too
  16. 16. it doesn’t require or assume policy alignment or trust Nice and flexible…
  17. 17. it isn’t a provisioning system (Apart from SREG and AE, but they aren’t mandatory)
  18. 18. All it does is offer a means of asserting a relationship between an agent and a URL how cool is that?
  19. 19. This makes it a potential boundary mechanism for the coordination of individual, self-organised, and managed activity
  20. 20. OpenID is a pivot <ul><li>It can provide an axis of coordination between the formal system and informal systems </li></ul><ul><li>OpenID actually doesn’t really authenticate or identify anyone, but it can connect things that use identity </li></ul>
  21. 21. A (bad?) example: Jyte RSS feed <ul><li><item> </li></ul><ul><li><pubDate>Sat, 03 Nov 2007 11:36:53 -0700</pubDate> </li></ul><ul><li><title>I have at least one unfinished novel that I work on intermittently.</title> </li></ul><ul><li><author></author> </li></ul><ul><li><description>&lt;a href=&quot;; title=&quot;;&gt;Elihu&lt;/a&gt; made this claim.</description> </li></ul><ul><li><link></link> </li></ul><ul><li><guid></guid> </li></ul><ul><li><category>novel</category> </li></ul><ul><li><category>writing</category> </li></ul><ul><li><category>hobby</category> </li></ul><ul><li><category>unfinished projects</category> </li></ul><ul><li></item> </li></ul><ul><li><item> </li></ul><ul><li><pubDate>Sat, 03 Nov 2007 10:48:31 -0700</pubDate> </li></ul><ul><li><title>I always thought nic was a hip-py, but now I think he's a hip-hop.</title> </li></ul><ul><li><author></author> </li></ul><ul><li><description>&lt;a href=&quot;; title=&quot;;&gt;Packers&lt;/a&gt; made this claim.</description> </li></ul><ul><li><link></link> </li></ul><ul><li><guid></guid> </li></ul><ul><li></item> </li></ul>oAuth? Privacy!
  22. 22. Some potential uses <ul><li>Indirect evidencing & correlation, for assessment or for personal portfolio development </li></ul><ul><li>Early-commitment coordination, for early engagement without institutional commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination of home/work/university boundary activities </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking activity for coordination at group/course level </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking activity for analytics and planning at course/programme/institution level </li></ul>
  23. 23. Thanks for listening - over to you http:// (that’s also my OpenID, btw ;-)