All but two ; Safiya who was a Jew ,and Mariya who was a Christian.
Now, let’s answer the main and very importantquestion: Was it lust that caused the prophet(PBUH) to have so many marriages?
To answer the question we haveto mention the followingfacts:
1-The Prophet married for the firsttime when he was 25 years old.
2-The first woman he married , Khadijah was 40years old already married twice before him and hadchildren. He stayed married to her alone for 25years, until she died. He stayed single after herdeath for two years in grief and mourning overher death. He was then 52 years old.
3-From 52 till 60, he married several times for politicaland social reasons, not for lust (Naooz Billah(….After two years of living single , he married Sawdah, an80 year old widow in order to honor her because shewas the first widow in Islam.Not an act of a lustful man after a period of living single.
It’s not logical to say that lust had appearedsuddenly at the Prophet’s life at 52, and at themiddle of the fierce physical and psychologicalstruggle to spread Islam
There is only one conclusion we can extractfrom the above:1-Mohammad (PBUH) the man married Khadijah2-Mohammad (PBUH) the Prophet married therest of his wives.
But , was Mohammad (PBUH( the onlyProphet to have multiple wives?Or polygamy was taken by otherProphets as well?
The answer is : NO. Polygamywas the norm at the times of Ibrahim,Dawoud, Solayman, all known in theBible to have been polygamists.
Now, let’s mention the political, socialand religious reasons the prophet(PBUH) had these marriages.
First: To spread the culture through eyewitnesses withall the details known only to intimate people. HazratAaishah (R.A), being so young, was able to tell allthose details to the Muslims for more than 42 years.She had seen and learnt so much from him. Heryoung age was a great advantage in this respect. Shecould tell what the Prophet (pbuh) used to do or sayin all aspects of life, so that people do and say thesame in the similar situations…
Hazrat Aaishah (R.A), was the most knowledgeableperson when it comes to the daily life of theMuslims and how it should go as was lived by theProphet (PBUH) himself . But how can he (PBUH)married her when she was only nine years old? Thedesert climate answers to that.In such environment Girls reached youth veryyoung. Not only in Arabia, but also in Roma andPersia, girls were married that young
Second:To strengthen the relationships with hiscompanions, he married Abi Bakr’s daughter andOmars sister, married his daughters to Othmanand Ali, May God be pleased with them all.
Third: out of mercy and rewarding the early Muslimwidows and divorcees he (PBUH) gave them the honor ofmarrying them himself (Husbands either died in battlesor were non Muslims who divorced them.).Sawdah, Om-salama and Habeebah were widows.
Fourth: The Prophet (PBUH) was being a role modelfor the Muslims being kind to the widows and to thepeople of the book who newly embraced Islam.He (PBUH) married Safiyah after her father , a Jew,embraced Islam , so giving him and his daughter thehonor among his people
Fifth: He (PBUH) wanted to have ties and links with thedifferent nations of the world. When he married Mariya, allEgyptians were on his side, and when he marriedGowayriyah, all herpeople (they were called the BaniAlmustalaq and were captured by the Muslims afterabattle),, they all embraced Islam
I wish this makes you more assured and able takea stand up to allegations against the Prophet (PBUH).May peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you all.