Globalization in education
• Globalization influences all spheres of
education, culture, business, trade, politi
cs, environment and even our mentality.
It connects different countries and
nations, makes their cooperation easier.
It makes everything and everyone similar
or even identical.
Globalization has a multi-dimensional impact on the
system of education
Russia was not an exception and in
2005 Russia’s State Exam was
introduced as an experimental step
before making it compulsory
• The introduction of Russia’s State exam
as the only way to assess the knowledge
of Russian pupils who are leaving
schools has become one of the most
controversial issue recently
The reason of globalization in the
sphere of education
1) The idea of such a novelty is to ease the life of
the school leavers giving them an opportunity to pass
school leaving exams and university entrance exams
having just taken Russia’s State exam in certain
subjects. The officials claim that such a system exists
in most developed countries and Russia, being a part
of the global system (or at least preparing to be such a
part), should introduce similar objective methods in
assessing the knowledge of school leavers.
2)Another objective is to reduce corruption since
the test is supposed to be checked by independent
experts and computers.
Russia is a member of Bologna
declaration that was signed by 29
European countries. The purpose of it is
to create a single European higher
education area by making academic
degree standards and quality assurance
standards more comparable and
compatible throughout Europe.
Some differences of
1) The problem of the core and the periphery.
This problem doesn’t exist in US. Historically,
the intellectual potential of Russian education
was concentrated in the leading Moscow
Universities. The creation of scientific,
educational centers in Russia requires money
and time. It’s more prestigious to study in
Moscow and Saint-Petersburg Universities.
Schools are larger and more expensive, of
2) The problem of shift toward two-level
education (bachelor and master).We don’t have
such a system. We have 5 years in University
after which we get a specialist diploma that
gives us opportunities to get practically any
kind of job (I mean the rank). You can be a
minister having a specialist diploma.
3) The immobility of professors. In Russia, as a
rule, one teacher belongs to one university. It
has its advantage because it creates
commitment and scientific basis in school. But
on the other hand, it limits professional
4) The problem of language barriers. Students
are taught translation techniques but are not
really able to communicate when they find
themselves in language environment.
Russian education has always been one of the best education systems
and Russian professionals are working all over the world. So,
globalization in Russian education might be seen as integration into
international education and also as a starting point of destroying
national educational system