King Arthur


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King Arthur

  1. 3. <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Early Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Battles </li></ul><ul><li>Knights of the Round Table </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin </li></ul><ul><li>Excalibur </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Grail </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>derived from the Roman nomen gentile (family name) Artōrius </li></ul><ul><li>from a Brittonic patronym * Arto-rīg-ios (the root of which, *arto-rīg- &quot;bear-king&quot; is to be found in the Old Irish personal name Art-ri) via a Latinized form Artōrius. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>derives from Arcturus , the brightest star in the constellation Boötes, near Ursa Major or the Great Bear. </li></ul><ul><li>Old Irish Artúr , which is believed to be derived directly from an early Old Welsh or Cumbric Artur. </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>He was a son of Uther Pendragon </li></ul><ul><li>On Uther's death, the fifteen-year-old Arthur succeeds him as King of Britain </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>The first battle was at the mouth of the river called Glein: This has been tentatively identified as one of the two Rivers Glen in Britain today, one in Lincolnshire and one in Northumberland. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle on the river called Bassas: . This place already has Arthurian associations as the burial place of the great King's Northern British enemy, Caw. Perhaps he was killed in the battle. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>The Battle on Badon Hill and in it nine hundred and sixty men fell in one day, from a single charge of Arthur's, and no-one lay them low save he alone. It was Arthur's greatest victory. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>The Knights were mainly represented by noblemen of courage, honor, dignity and courtesy. </li></ul><ul><li>All the knights had places around the Round Table, which had been made by Merlin, the magician, Arthur’s tutor and advisor </li></ul><ul><li>The Round Table was founded in patience, humility, and meekness. </li></ul>
  8. 11. The emblem of the Knights of the Round Table worn round the necks of all the Knights was given to them by King Arthur as part of the ceremony of their being made a knight.
  9. 12. <ul><li>The son of King Ban of Benwick and Queen Elaine. </li></ul><ul><li>The First Knight of the Round Table, and he never failed in gentleness, courtesy, or courage. </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest fighter and swordsman of all the knights of the Round Table. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Was raised by his mother in ignorance of arms and courtesy. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the Grail knight or one of the Grail knights in numerous medieval and modern stories of the Grail quest. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Arthur's adviser, prophet and magician, is basically the creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin falls victim to the spells of his own apprentice, Vivien, who may have been the Lady of the Lake. </li></ul><ul><li>In Geoffrey's book, Merlin assists Uther Pendragon and is responsible for transporting the stones of Stonehenge from Ireland, but he is not associated with Arthur. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Excalibur was the sword given to Arthur by the Lady of the Lake. Some sources suggest that Arthur gave it to Gawain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Welsh name for Excalibur was Caladvwlch , equating linguistically with Irish Caladbolg , the name of a sword borne by heroes in Irish legend, derived from calad (hard) and bolg (lightning). </li></ul>Excalibur
  13. 16. <ul><li>The Holy Grail is generally considered to be the cup from which Christ drank at the Last Supper. </li></ul><ul><li>The term &quot;grail&quot; comes from the Latin gradale, which meant a dish brought to the table during various stages (Latin &quot;gradus&quot;) or courses of a meal. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Thank you for attention